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Neurology-Neuromuscular

Neurology-Neuromuscular

Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge with this Neurology-Neuromuscular activity. In this online self-assessment activity, you'll read our reference articles and test your knowledge with 132 activities in Neurology-Neuromuscular for 122 total CME hours.


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Featured Article Activities

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Bell Palsy

Bell palsy is the most common peripheral paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve with an onset that is rapid and unilater ...
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Hours: 1.25

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Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Unfortunately, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is not only one of the most severe forms of inherited muscular dystroph ...
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Hours: 1.5

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Spinal Stenosis And Neurogenic Claudication

Approximately 90 percent of the population will present with low back pain at some point in their lifetime. Spinal steno ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Tabes Dorsalis

Tabes dorsalis, one of two manifestations of late neurosyphilis, is a slowly progressive parenchymatous degenerative dis ...
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Hours: 1

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Anterior Elbow Dislocation

The elbow is one of the most common large joints to be dislocated. Anterior elbow dislocations are a rare injury due to ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a neuropathic pain disorder defined by the presence of distinct clinical featur ...
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Rating: 5.00
Hours: 1

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Neurology-Neuromuscular Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
Abnormal Spontaneous Electromyographic Activity The muscle is normally electrically silent outside the end-plate zone. Therefore, abnormal spontaneous activity is considered when there is the persis ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Accessory Nerve Injury Cranial nerve XI is also known as the accessory nerve. It is prone to injury due to its long and superficial nature. Injury to the accessory nerve can ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adverse Events Adverse events (AE) occur frequently in our medical system and at least one in ten patients are affected. An AE is a harmful and negative outcome that ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as “Lou Gehrig’s disease,” is a neurodegenerative disease of the motor neurons. This activity reviews ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anterior Elbow Dislocation The elbow is one of the most common large joints to be dislocated. Anterior elbow dislocations are a rare injury due to the high force and position ne ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anterior Interosseous Syndrome Anterior interosseus syndrome is an isolated palsy of flexor pollicus longus, the index and long fingers of the flexor digitorum profundus, and the pr ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autoimmune Myopathies Idiopathic inflammatory myositis (IIM) is classified into four subtypes based on clinical and histopathological features. Polymyositis (PM) and dermat ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Axonotmesis This activity reviews the etiology, epidemiology, anatomy, physiology, and prognosis of peripheral nerve injury with a particular focus on axonotmesis ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Back Pain Back pain is one of the most common causes for patients to seek emergency care. It has a broad range of potential etiologies for both adult and pediat ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Becker Muscular Dystrophy Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder due to mutation in the Dystrophin gene that results in progressive muscle degenerati ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bekhterev Jacobsohn Reflex The Bekhterev-Jacobsohn reflex is also known as the Jacobsohn finger flexion sign. Dr. Vladimir Bekhterev (a Russian neurologist) and Dr. Louis Jacobs ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bell Palsy Bell palsy is the most common peripheral paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve with an onset that is rapid and unilateral. This is an idiopathic cond ... Read the Article 1.25 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Botulinum Toxin Botulinum toxin is a medication used in the management and treatment of therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. Therapeutic uses include chronic migraine, ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Botulism Botulism is a rare, potentially fatal syndrome of diffuse, flaccid paralysis caused by botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) which is elaborated by the bacteriu ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Botulism Antitoxin Botulinum antitoxin, also known as botulism antitoxin, is comprised of antibodies or antibody antigen-binding fragments that block the neurotoxin prod ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Brachial Neuritis Brachial neuritis, also called neuralgic amyotrophy, has two major clinical symptoms, pain and muscle weakness from atrophy. It is a multifocal, immun ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Brachial Plexitis Brachial plexitis is a condition characterized by acute onset of shoulder pain followed by weakness and/or sensory loss of the shoulder and/or upper e ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Brachial Plexus Injuries The earliest written description of a brachial plexus injury (BPI) is attributed to Homer circa 800 BC in his depiction of a battle during which Hecto ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carisoprodol Carisoprodol is an FDA-approved drug indicated for the relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions. Although market ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Disc Injuries The spinal cord is a nervous tissue bundle from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region, and the vertebral column protects it. The ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Discogenic Syndrome Cervical discogenic pain syndrome is a common source of neck pain. The presentation can vary and may be caused by degenerative changes in the interver ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Myofascial Pain Cervical myofascial pain is a musculoskeletal disorder that causes pain in the area of a muscle in the body and its surrounding connective tissue. Pro ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Subluxation Subluxation is an essential entity of traumatic subaxial cervical spinal injuries. There is a varying degree of slippage of the body of one vertebra r ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Charcot Marie Tooth Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the commonest inherited neuromuscular disorder. It affects the peripheral nerves and leads to progressive weaknes ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cholinesterase Inhibitors Cholinesterase inhibitors function to decrease the breakdown of acetylcholine. They SEe use in the treatment of Alzheimer and dementia symptoms. This ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy can be caused by multiples diseases, from infectious as well as immunology diseases. It is o ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Pain Over one-quarter of United States citizens suffer from chronic pain. It is among the most common complaints seen in an outpatient clinic. The failure ... Read the Article 2.5 41 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Colitis Colitis is an increasingly common condition in which the mucosal lining of the colon becomes acutely or chronically inflamed. Patients with colitis ma ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a neuropathic pain disorder defined by the presence of distinct clinical features including allodynia, hypera ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Congenital muscular dystrophy is one of the variants of muscle weakness disorders presenting early in life during infancy and soon after birth. The di ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy Congenital myotonic dystrophy (CMD) is an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder with multisystem involvement. It is a subtype of myotonic dystroph ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Corticosteroid Adverse Effects Corticosteroids are hormone mediators produced by the cortex of adrenal glands that further categorize into glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Corynebacterium Diphtheriae Pharyngitis is defined as the inflammation of pharyngeal tissue. Based on etiology, it can be divided into infectious and non-infectious sources. Vira ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryoanalgesia This activity reviews the role of cryoanalgesia (the use of cold temperatures for analgesia) for pain control, its indications, contraindications and ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome Cubital tunnel syndrome is neuropathy of the ulnar nerve causing symptoms of numbness and shooting pain along the medial aspect of the forearm, also i ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dermatomyositis Dermatomyositis is a rare condition that causes muscle inflammation. It presents with symmetric proximal muscle weakness, skin rash, and extramacular ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diabetic Amyotrophy Diabetic amyotrophy, better known as diabetic lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy (DLRPN), is a rare disorder englobed in the diabetic neuropathy sp ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Disc Herniation A herniated disc is a condition affecting the spine in which the annulus fibrosus is damaged enabling the nucleus pulposus (which is normally located ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Distal Humerus Fractures Distal humerus fractures in the adult population represent about 2% of all fractures and 33% of all humerus fractures. They typically present in a bim ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Unfortunately, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is not only one of the most severe forms of inherited muscular dystrophies but also the most common h ... Read the Article 1.5 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dysphagia Dysphagia is defined as objective impairment or difficulty in swallowing, resulting in an abnormal delay in the transit of a liquid or solid bolus. Th ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dystonia Dystonia is defined by involuntary maintained contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles yielding abnormal posturing, twisting and repetitive movem ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dystrophinopathies This activity covers a group of X-linked muscle disorders, with their most recognized pathology being Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), followed by B ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Eagle Syndrome Eagle syndrome, also known as stylohyoid syndrome, styloid syndrome, or styloid–carotid artery syndrome, is a rare condition caused by an elongated or ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Electrodiagnostic testing is an important tool for the diagnosis of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP). This activity describes th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Brachial Plexopathies Brachial plexus injuries, also known as brachial plexopathies, occur via a variety of mechanisms. Patient presentation is highly variable. Electrodiag ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome As the most common cause of clinic visits due to nerve entrapment, carpal tunnel syndrome affects a significant portion of the population. Often, hist ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Cervical Radiculopathy A strong clinical diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy can be made with a thorough history and physical exam; however, findings are confirmed definitiv ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Critical Illness Myopathy As medicine advances, more critically ill patients are surviving longer ICU admission. Many of these patients will have difficulty weaning off the ven ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Critical Illness Neuropathy Although not often performed, the gold standard for the diagnosis of critical illness neuropathy remains electrodiagnostic testing, which includes ner ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Lumbosacral Radiculopathy Electrodiagnostic testing can aid the clinician in deciphering between numerous neurologic conditions that may present similarly to lumbosacral radicu ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Motor Neuron Disease Motor neuron diseases are neurological disorders that affect the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Neuromuscular Junction Disorder Although not often performed, the gold standard for the diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders remains electrodiagnostic testing, which includes nerve c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Peripheral Neuropathy The diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy can be supported by electrodiagnostic testing, which includes nerve conduction studies (NCS) and needle electro ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Peroneal Neuropathy The gold standard for diagnosing peroneal neuropathies is electrodiagnostic testing, which includes both nerve conduction studies and needle electromy ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Spinal Stenosis Electrodiagnostic studies are performed especially in spinal stenosis because it helps the clinician to exactly localize and rule out other differenti ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Electrodiagnostic Evaluation Of Tarsal Tunnel Neuropathy Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a relatively rare mononeuropathy of the lower extremities that can be difficult to diagnose. Clinical evaluation, electroneu ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glycogen Storage Disease Type II Glycogen storage disease type II, also known as Pompe disease, is a metabolic disorder creating glycogen deposits inside lysosomes within the muscular ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Guillain Barre Syndrome Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is a rare but serious post-infectious immune-mediated neuropathy. It results from the autoimmune destruction of nerves i ... Read the Article 1.5 20 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Guyon Canal Syndrome Guyon canal syndrome is a relatively rare peripheral ulnar neuropathy that involves injury to the distal portion of the ulnar nerve as it travels thro ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemifacial Spasm Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a disorder characterized by paroxysmal, involuntary twitching of facial muscles of one side of face innervated by ipsilatera ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
HIV-1 Associated Progressive Polyradiculopathy HIV-1 associated progressive polyradiculopathy is quite commonly misdiagnosed or undiagnosed neurological complication in patients suffering from HIV ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperesthesia Hyperesthesia occurs as a symptom of neuropathic pain and can be present in any disease process that affects the somatosensory nervous system. Treatme ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a rare channelopathy caused by the skeletal muscle ion channel mutations, commonly calcium channel and less commonly ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypothyroid Myopathy Hypothyroid myopathy is characterized by myalgia and weakness and affects almost 80 percent of patients with hypothyroidism. Patients with severe or u ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypotonia Hypotonia is an easily recognizable entity but determining the etiology is a challenging task for a clinician given its vast differential. Systematica ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Inclusion Body Myositis Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is an autoimmune myopathy that occurs mainly in people older than 50 years of age. The pathogenesis is not completely un ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Inferior Gluteal Nerve Injury The inferior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteus maximus muscle. The inferior gluteal nerve provides motor function to gluteus maximus, a major muscle ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Insulin Resistance Insulin resistance is identified as an impaired biologic response to insulin stimulation of target tissues, primarily the liver, muscle, and adipose t ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy Intradiscal electrothermal therapy is a procedure of applying heat to the annulus in cases of low back pain due to discogenic conditions that fail to ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Iontophoresis Analgesic Medications Analgesic iontophoresis is the administration of analgesic medications via iontophoresis used in the management and treatment of pain. The technique m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kearns Sayre Syndrome Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a subtype of chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO). KSS is defined by the following triad: Onset before t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Klippel Feil Syndrome Klippel-Feil syndrome presents with an abnormal fusion of 2 or more bones in the cervical spine. This creates a characteristic appearance of a short n ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Klumpke Palsy Klumpke palsy, named after Augusta Dejerine-Klumpke, is a neuropathy involving the lower brachial plexus. In contrast, the more common; the Duchenne p ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lafora Disease Lafora disease is a type of progressive myoclonic epilepsy that is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and typically presents in previously hea ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lambert Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is a neuromuscular junction disorder which may present as a paraneoplastic phenomenon or a primary autoimmune ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lhermitte Sign Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, predominantly immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system. Neuropathic pain in MS is poorly understood ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lumbar Degenerative Disk Disease Between each vertebral body of the spine are pads of fibrocartilage-based structures that provide support, flexibility, and minor load-sharing known a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lumbar Plexus Block Regional anesthesia techniques are powerful tools for postoperative pain management that have shown to reduce perioperative opioid consumption, Increa ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Lumbar spinal stenosis is a common source of leg and back pain. It refers to a narrowing in the vertebra, in the areas of the central canal, lateral ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lumbosacral Disc Injuries The area between the lumbar vertebral bodies and sacral vertebral bodies is a transition zone at increased risk of injury due to the change in biomech ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lumbosacral Plexopathy Lumbosacral plexopathy is a relatively uncommon occurrence that can be difficult to diagnose and manage. When an injury occurs to the lumbosacral plex ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lumbosacral Radiculopathy Low back pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints encountered in clinical practice. It is the leading cause of disability in the deve ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Meralgia Paresthetica Meralgia paresthetica is a clinical condition that includes pain and dysesthesia in the anterolateral thigh associated with lateral femoral cutaneous ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Microdiscectomy Microdiscectomy with its smaller incision, less traumatic approach, and better visualization of the operative field compared to standard open discecto ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Miller Fisher Syndrome Guillain-Barré syndrome is a broad category that encompasses several types of acute immune-mediated polyneuropathies, the most common of which is acut ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Motor Neuron Disease Motor neuron disease (MND) refers to a group of chronic sporadic and hereditary neurological disorders characterized by progressive degeneration of mo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Multifocal Motor Neuropathy Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), also called multifocal motor neuropathy with conduction block (MMNCB), is a rare, acquired, motor neuropathy charac ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Muscle Cramps Muscle cramps result in continuous, involuntary, painful, and localized contraction of an entire muscle group, individual single muscle, or select mus ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Muscular Dystrophy The term "muscular dystrophy" incorporates an assortment of hereditary disorders that lead to progressive, generalized disease of the muscle prompted ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myasthenia Gravis Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder affecting the neuromuscular junction. It manifests as a generalized muscle weakness which can involve the ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myotonia Myotonia is an impairing disorder that resulted in the delayed relaxation of skeletal muscles after voluntary contraction. The illnesses, while rare, ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myotonic Dystrophy Myotonic dystrophy is a rare progressive disorder that universally presents with weakness. In addition to musculoskeletal weakness, cardiac conduction ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neonatal Myasthenia Gravis Neonatal myasthenia gravis (MG) is a temporary form of MG. Babies born to mothers with MG are susceptible to it. This is due to the mother’s antibodi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nerve Stimulation Chronic pain conditions, including low back pain, neck pain, and neuropathic pain states like chronic regional pain syndrome, causalgia, and diabetic ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neurapraxia Neurapraxia is the mildest form of peripheral nerve injury commonly induced by focal demyelination or ischemia. In neurapraxia, the conduction of nerv ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neuropathy About 2.4 percent of the population is affected by peripheral neuropathy. The prevalence increases to 8 percent in older populations. Peripheral neuro ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Opisthotonus Opisthotonus is defined as a dramatic abnormal posture due to spastic contraction of the extensor muscles of the neck, trunk, and lower extremities th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Sleep-related movement disorders are an important group of sleep diseases encountered commonly in clinical practice that requires thorough evaluation ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Peripheral Magnetic Stimulation Peripheral magnetic stimulation (PMS) or so-called transcutaneous magnetic stimulation is a noninvasive method of delivering a rapidly pulsed, high-in ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Peripheral Nerve Stimulator Peripheral nerve stimulation is an emerging field in adjunctive analgesic therapies. This activity reviews the indications, contraindications, and tec ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pes Cavus Pes cavus is an orthopedic condition that manifests in both children and adults. It is defined primarily by the elevation of the longitudinal arch of ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Piriformis Injection Piriformis syndrome is an infrequent cause of entrapment neuropathy. A diagnosis of exclusion, piriformis syndrome occurs secondary compression or en ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Plasmapheresis Plasmapheresis is a therapeutic intervention that involves extracorporeal removal, return, or exchange of blood plasma or components. The underlying m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pronator Teres Syndrome Pronator teres syndrome (PTS), first described by Henrik Seyffarth in 1951, is caused by a compression of the median nerve (MN) by the pronator teres ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radial Nerve Entrapment Radial nerve entrapment is an uncommon diagnosis that is prone to under-recognition. Compression or entrapment can occur at any location within the co ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radiofrequency Ablation The use of radiofrequency ablation for intractable pain is based on the premise that the transmission of radiofrequency currents near nociceptive path ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in organs. This condition mostly af ... Read the Article 1.75 29 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Somatosensory Evoked Potentials Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) have been in use for decades as an integral method of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring for spinal, ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spinal Cord Stimulation In the middle of the spectrum of increasingly invasive pain treatment modalities, lies spinal cord stimulation (SCS), also referred to as dorsal colum ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spinal Muscle Atrophy Spinal muscular atrophy is an inherited autosomal recessive disease of a varying phenotype that is characterized by progressive muscle weakness, reduc ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spinal Stenosis Spinal stenosis is a condition characterized by the compression of the nerve roots by a number of pathologic factors, leading to symptoms such as pain ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spinal Stenosis And Neurogenic Claudication Approximately 90 percent of the population will present with low back pain at some point in their lifetime. Spinal stenosis is a condition that is cau ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Steppage Gait Steppage gait is an entity that is not too commonly seen in primary care settings. The etiology of this disorder is multifactorial. The pathology and ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sural Nerve Biopsy Peripheral neuropathy is a condition present in a wide range of etiologies. Of these etiologies, diabetes remains the most common cause of peripheral ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sural Nerve Block The sural nerve block is a regional anesthetic technique used as an alternative or adjunct to general anesthesia for foot and ankle surgery. Periphera ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sydenham Chorea Sydenham chorea (SD), also referred to as St. Vitus dance, is caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections and is a manifestation of rheu ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tabes Dorsalis Tabes dorsalis, one of two manifestations of late neurosyphilis, is a slowly progressive parenchymatous degenerative disease of the dorsal column and ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tangier Disease Tangier disease occurs due to the accumulation of cholesterol esters within a body organ. This activity outlines the evaluation and management of it a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tetanus Tetanus is an infection characterized by muscle spasms and lockjaw, also called trismus. Toxins produced by Clostridium tetani are responsible for the ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tetanus Toxoid The tetanus toxoid is a vaccine used in the management and treatment of tetanus. It is in the vaccine class of medications. This activity reviews the ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) manifests when pressures in the thoracic outlet increase to the point of impinging vessels or nerves. TOS presents in a ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tizanidine Tizanidine is a myotonolytic agent FDA-approved for the management of spasticity, which may be caused by multiple sclerosis, an acquired brain injury, ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Torticollis Torticollis is a common diagnosis, and estimates are that 90 percent of individuals will exhibit at least one episode of torticollis throughout their ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, known by its acronym TENS, is a modality that uses electric current to activate nerves in order to decrea ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Transverse Myelitis Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare, acquired focal inflammatory disorder often presenting with rapid onset weakness, sensory deficits, and bowel/bladd ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Traumatic Lumbar Spondylolisthesis Traumatic lumbar spondylolisthesis, also known as traumatic lumbar locked facet syndrome, is an acute anterior shift of a lumbar vertebral body (L1 an ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Trinucleotide Repeat Disorders Trinucleotide repeat disorders are neuropsychiatric disorders caused due to abnormal trinucleotide repeat expansions. Accurate diagnosis, with knowled ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Type II Hypersensitivity Reaction Type II hypersensitivity reaction is a form of immune-mediated reaction in which antibodies are directed against cellular or extracellular matrix anti ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ulnar Nerve Entrapment Ulnar nerve entrapment is a common condition presenting in patients of all ages that can result in discomfort, weakness, and loss of function. This ac ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ulnar Neuropathy The ulnar nerve has several potential compression sites along its course. Although the elbow is the most common site of compression, the ulnar nerve i ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Werdnig Hoffmann Disease Werdnig-Hoffmann disease is a type of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). It is the most common type of SMA and accounts for about 80% of individuals with ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO

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