Public and Preventive Medicine CME

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All of our activities are approved by AMA PRA Category 1 (MD or PA) and all activity is reported to CE Broker and all states as required. StatPearls continuing education activities are linked to practice questions which are based on the American Board of Preventative Medicine® and AOA Board of Preventive Medicine® content outlines. 383 authors and 9 editors have contributed to the development of the Public and Preventive Medicine content, which is continuously refined and updated to improve your learning experience.

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Public and Preventive Medicine Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAAs) are a relatively common pathology. Ruptured aneurysms have an exceptionally high mortality rate. Early diagnosis an ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity DO
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAAs) are a relatively common pathology. Ruptured aneurysms have an exceptionally high mortality rate. Early diagnosis an ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA
Abortion Abortion is one of the common procedures performed among women. In the US, in 2014, one in 5 pregnancies ended in abortion, and one in 4 women is esti ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Abortion Abortion is one of the common procedures performed among women. In the US, in 2014, one in 5 pregnancies ended in abortion, and one in 4 women is esti ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Abuse and Neglect Abuse and neglect refer to the actions or inactions of an individual's caregiver or parent inflicting physical, sexual, or emotional harm on the indiv ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Abuse and Neglect Abuse and neglect refer to the actions or inactions of an individual's caregiver or parent inflicting physical, sexual, or emotional harm on the indiv ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors Toxicity Nerve agents are some of the most deadly and easily employed chemical warfare agents. Given the global threat of terrorism, it is prudent to have a ba ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors Toxicity Nerve agents are some of the most deadly and easily employed chemical warfare agents. Given the global threat of terrorism, it is prudent to have a ba ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Active Tuberculosis Active tuberculosis is a condition in which Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes infection; typically in the lungs, although many systems can be involved ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Active Tuberculosis Active tuberculosis is a condition in which Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes infection; typically in the lungs, although many systems can be involved ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Addiction The laymen's definition of addiction is a "fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity." Medically it is a "chro ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity DO
Addiction The laymen's definition of addiction is a "fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity." Medically it is a "chro ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity MD/PA
Aerospace Decompression Illness Decompression sickness in aviation is most commonly seen following flights in nonpressurized aircraft, in flights with cabin pressure fluctuations, or ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Aerospace Decompression Illness Decompression sickness in aviation is most commonly seen following flights in nonpressurized aircraft, in flights with cabin pressure fluctuations, or ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Aflatoxin Toxicity Aflatoxins are metabolites produced by toxigenic strains of molds, mainly Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus which grow in soil, hay, decaying vege ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Aflatoxin Toxicity Aflatoxins are metabolites produced by toxigenic strains of molds, mainly Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus which grow in soil, hay, decaying vege ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Alcohol and Substance Abuse Evaluation and Treatment in American Indians and Alaska Natives Alaskan Natives and American Indians comprise a diverse population with a distinct variation in alcohol and substance abuse rates due to geographic lo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Alcohol and Substance Abuse Evaluation and Treatment in American Indians and Alaska Natives Alaskan Natives and American Indians comprise a diverse population with a distinct variation in alcohol and substance abuse rates due to geographic lo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Alcohol Sanitizer Compliance with hand hygiene recommendations is critical to reducing colonization and infection, specifically among healthcare workers (HCW). This wil ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity DO
Alcohol Sanitizer Compliance with hand hygiene recommendations is critical to reducing colonization and infection, specifically among healthcare workers (HCW). This wil ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity MD/PA
Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol use disorder is very common in the United States. The cause of alcohol use disorder is not well understood; however, several factors are thou ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity DO
Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol use disorder is very common in the United States. The cause of alcohol use disorder is not well understood; however, several factors are thou ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity MD/PA
Amebic Colitis Amebic colitis results from invasive infection of the colonic mucosa by Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica). Losch first reported disease due to E. ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Amebic Colitis Amebic colitis results from invasive infection of the colonic mucosa by Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica). Losch first reported disease due to E. ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Amebic Meningoencephalitis Amebic encephalitis is a rare but lethal central nervous system infection caused by free-living amoebae found in freshwater, lakes, and rivers. There ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Amebic Meningoencephalitis Amebic encephalitis is a rare but lethal central nervous system infection caused by free-living amoebae found in freshwater, lakes, and rivers. There ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Anaplasma Phagocytophilum Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a gram-negative intracellular bacteria that causes an acute febrile illness known as anaplasmosis or human granulocytic a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Anaplasma Phagocytophilum Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a gram-negative intracellular bacteria that causes an acute febrile illness known as anaplasmosis or human granulocytic a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Angiostrongylus Cantonensis Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a metastrongyloid nematode that is one of the most common pathogens to cause eosinophilic meningitis. Commonly referred ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Angiostrongylus Cantonensis Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a metastrongyloid nematode that is one of the most common pathogens to cause eosinophilic meningitis. Commonly referred ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Animal Zoonotic Related Diseases Zoonotic diseases are increasingly important due to the interaction between humans and animal habitats. To avoid the high morbidity and mortality ass ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Animal Zoonotic Related Diseases Zoonotic diseases are increasingly important due to the interaction between humans and animal habitats. To avoid the high morbidity and mortality ass ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Arbovirus Encephalitides Arboviruses refer to a diverse group of viruses that are transmitted via mosquitos, ticks, or sandflies and are capable of causing a wide range of dis ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Arbovirus Encephalitides Arboviruses refer to a diverse group of viruses that are transmitted via mosquitos, ticks, or sandflies and are capable of causing a wide range of dis ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Arcanobacterium Haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum is a rare infectious pathogen that principally causes pharyngitis in adolescents and soft-tissue infections in immunocomp ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Arcanobacterium Haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum is a rare infectious pathogen that principally causes pharyngitis in adolescents and soft-tissue infections in immunocomp ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Asbestosis Asbestosis is an interstitial lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. Asbestos fibers have been historically chosen for construction ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity DO
Asbestosis Asbestosis is an interstitial lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. Asbestos fibers have been historically chosen for construction ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity MD/PA
Avian Influenza Avian influenza is a deadly disease caused by infection from an influenza virus native to birds. While often not fatal in birds, it can carry a high m ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Avian Influenza Avian influenza is a deadly disease caused by infection from an influenza virus native to birds. While often not fatal in birds, it can carry a high m ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Bacillus Calmette Guerin Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the live attenuated vaccine form of Mycobacterium bovis used to prevent tuberculosis and other mycobacterial infecti ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Bacillus Calmette Guerin Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the live attenuated vaccine form of Mycobacterium bovis used to prevent tuberculosis and other mycobacterial infecti ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Back Safety Low back pain (LBP) is common among healthcare professionals with prevalence of low back pain among health care workers being greater than among those ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Back Safety Low back pain (LBP) is common among healthcare professionals with prevalence of low back pain among health care workers being greater than among those ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Bedbug Bites There are as many as 90 species of "bugs" (bed bugs are true bugs with specialized elongated mouthparts) within the family Cimicidae; however, few bit ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Bedbug Bites There are as many as 90 species of "bugs" (bed bugs are true bugs with specialized elongated mouthparts) within the family Cimicidae; however, few bit ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Biologic Warfare Agent Toxicity Biological warfare agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and biological toxins. Some agents are frequently lethal, while others are intended to cau ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Biologic Warfare Agent Toxicity Biological warfare agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and biological toxins. Some agents are frequently lethal, while others are intended to cau ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Bladder Cancer Bladder cancer is any neoplasm that arises from the urinary bladder. It is the most common urinary tract neoplasm, with urothelial carcinoma (UC) bein ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Bladder Cancer Bladder cancer is any neoplasm that arises from the urinary bladder. It is the most common urinary tract neoplasm, with urothelial carcinoma (UC) bein ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Blood Product Safety Transfusion of blood products is one of the most commonly performed clinical procedures in healthcare today. Blood product safety has been an improvin ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Blood Product Safety Transfusion of blood products is one of the most commonly performed clinical procedures in healthcare today. Blood product safety has been an improvin ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Body Fluid Exposures Health care workers have serious concerns about exposure to bodily fluids. Accidental exposures to bodily fluids present a wide variety of issues to h ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Body Fluid Exposures Health care workers have serious concerns about exposure to bodily fluids. Accidental exposures to bodily fluids present a wide variety of issues to h ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Botfly Bot fly is a term referring to any member of the Oestridae family of flies. To reproduce, these flies rely on myiasis, the infestation of host skin fo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Botfly Bot fly is a term referring to any member of the Oestridae family of flies. To reproduce, these flies rely on myiasis, the infestation of host skin fo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Botulism Antitoxin Botulinum antitoxin, also known as botulism antitoxin, is comprised of antibodies or antibody antigen-binding fragments that block the neurotoxin prod ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Botulism Antitoxin Botulinum antitoxin, also known as botulism antitoxin, is comprised of antibodies or antibody antigen-binding fragments that block the neurotoxin prod ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
BRCA 1 and 2 Breast cancer genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are tumor suppressor genes whose mutations significantly increase the likelihood of developing particular types of ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
BRCA 1 and 2 Breast cancer genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are tumor suppressor genes whose mutations significantly increase the likelihood of developing particular types of ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Breast Examination Techniques The ability to perform a thorough and accurate breast exam is an important skill for medical practitioners of many levels and across many specialties. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Breast Examination Techniques The ability to perform a thorough and accurate breast exam is an important skill for medical practitioners of many levels and across many specialties. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Breast Self Examination Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy among female populations and is responsible for the second-highest number of cancer-related deaths in A ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Breast Self Examination Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy among female populations and is responsible for the second-highest number of cancer-related deaths in A ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Brucellosis Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by Brucella species. It is known by many other names, including remitting fever, undulant fever, Mediterra ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Brucellosis Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by Brucella species. It is known by many other names, including remitting fever, undulant fever, Mediterra ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Bullying Bullying is common in our society and has become a public health emergency. It is a form of repeated peer aggression which is intentional and involves ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Bullying Bullying is common in our society and has become a public health emergency. It is a form of repeated peer aggression which is intentional and involves ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Caffeine Caffeine is a naturally occurring, central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class and is the most widely taken psychoactive stimul ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Caffeine Caffeine is a naturally occurring, central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class and is the most widely taken psychoactive stimul ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Cancer Breast Screening In women, breast cancer is number one in incidence and mortality when compared to all cancers. It is the most common non-skin cancer and second deadli ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Cancer Breast Screening In women, breast cancer is number one in incidence and mortality when compared to all cancers. It is the most common non-skin cancer and second deadli ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Cancer Screening Cancer screening is pivotal in reducing the mortality and morbidity from cancer. Some of the screening methods, like a pap smear, has been successful ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Cancer Screening Cancer screening is pivotal in reducing the mortality and morbidity from cancer. Some of the screening methods, like a pap smear, has been successful ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Cannabinoids Cannabinoids are biologically active compounds used in the management and treatment of appetite/weight loss from HIV/AIDS and chemotherapy in addition ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Cannabinoids Cannabinoids are biologically active compounds used in the management and treatment of appetite/weight loss from HIV/AIDS and chemotherapy in addition ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are a medication used in the management and treatment of glaucoma, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, altitude sickne ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are a medication used in the management and treatment of glaucoma, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, altitude sickne ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Cardiac Risk Stratification Cardiac Risk Stratification is an essential evaluation among health professionals. In today's world, cardiovascular disease is the number one cause o ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Cardiac Risk Stratification Cardiac Risk Stratification is an essential evaluation among health professionals. In today's world, cardiovascular disease is the number one cause o ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Cardiovascular Disease The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and its blood vessels. A wide array of problems can arise within the cardiovascular system, a few of w ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Cardiovascular Disease The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and its blood vessels. A wide array of problems can arise within the cardiovascular system, a few of w ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Primary prevention and screening are by far the most effective modalities for ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Primary prevention and screening are by far the most effective modalities for ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Child Abuse and Neglect The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child maltreatment as “all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and explo ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity DO
Child Abuse and Neglect The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child maltreatment as “all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and explo ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity MD/PA
Chlamydia Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for the greatest number of sexually transmitted infections and the majority of infection-related of blindness wor ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity DO
Chlamydia Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for the greatest number of sexually transmitted infections and the majority of infection-related of blindness wor ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity MD/PA
Chloroquine Chloroquine is a medication used in the management and treatment of malaria and inflammatory diseases. It is in the sulfonamides class of drugs. This ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Chloroquine Chloroquine is a medication used in the management and treatment of malaria and inflammatory diseases. It is in the sulfonamides class of drugs. This ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Chloroquine And Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine, a less toxic metabolite of chloroquine, can cause pathologic ocular damage unless strict prescribing and screening ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Chloroquine And Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine, a less toxic metabolite of chloroquine, can cause pathologic ocular damage unless strict prescribing and screening ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis, is a complex multisystem disease commonly characterized by severe fatigue, cognitiv ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis, is a complex multisystem disease commonly characterized by severe fatigue, cognitiv ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic obstructive lung disease is a lung disease characterized by lung airflow limitation and can be from exposure to harmful substances. It is a co ... Read the Article 2.25 36 Activity DO
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic obstructive lung disease is a lung disease characterized by lung airflow limitation and can be from exposure to harmful substances. It is a co ... Read the Article 2.25 36 Activity MD/PA
Clinical Practice Issues In American Indians and Alaska Natives The disparity in the healthcare provided to the American Indians and Alaskan Natives is a long-standing issue that continues to plague the United Stat ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Clinical Practice Issues In American Indians and Alaska Natives The disparity in the healthcare provided to the American Indians and Alaskan Natives is a long-standing issue that continues to plague the United Stat ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Cognitive Decline And Driving Evaluation In The Elderly Patients with dementia are at increased risk of driving impairment, and fitness to drive should be evaluated in all patients with neurocognitive disor ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Colon Diverticulitis Diverticulitis has increased in incidence over the past few decades and represents a significant healthcare burden in western countries. In the United ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity DO
Colon Diverticulitis Diverticulitis has increased in incidence over the past few decades and represents a significant healthcare burden in western countries. In the United ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA
Competency and Capacity This article reviews the concepts of capacity and competency with regard to clinical practice. More specifically, it discusses the foundational ethica ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Competency and Capacity This article reviews the concepts of capacity and competency with regard to clinical practice. More specifically, it discusses the foundational ethica ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Comprehensive Review Of Bioterrorism Bioterrorism involves the deliberate release of bioweapons to cause death or disease in humans, animals, or plants. Biological weapons may be develope ... Read the Article 3.25 50 Activity DO
Comprehensive Review Of Bioterrorism Bioterrorism involves the deliberate release of bioweapons to cause death or disease in humans, animals, or plants. Biological weapons may be develope ... Read the Article 3.25 50 Activity MD/PA
Condyloma Acuminata Condyloma acuminata is a manifestation of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The condition is characterized by skin-colored, fleshy papules in the ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Condyloma Acuminata Condyloma acuminata is a manifestation of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The condition is characterized by skin-colored, fleshy papules in the ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Congenital Rubella Rubella, also known as German Measles, is a viral illness characterized by maculopapular rash, lymphadenopathy, and fever. It is a highly contagious b ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Congenital Rubella Rubella, also known as German Measles, is a viral illness characterized by maculopapular rash, lymphadenopathy, and fever. It is a highly contagious b ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Coronary Artery Disease Prevention In the United States, cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of mortality, morbidity, and increased healthcare cost. According to the AHA ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Coronary Artery Disease Prevention In the United States, cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of mortality, morbidity, and increased healthcare cost. According to the AHA ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
COVID (SARS-COV-2) Vaccine COVID-19 vaccines (tozinameran (BNT162b2) and mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2) received FDA emergency use authorized (EUA) to prevent COVID-19 caused by the SARS ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
COVID (SARS-COV-2) Vaccine COVID-19 vaccines (tozinameran (BNT162b2) and mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2) received FDA emergency use authorized (EUA) to prevent COVID-19 caused by the SARS ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Coxiella Burnetii Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of Q fever, which is a zoonotic disease. Q fever can present as a febrile illness, pneumonia, or hepatitis. I ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Coxiella Burnetii Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of Q fever, which is a zoonotic disease. Q fever can present as a febrile illness, pneumonia, or hepatitis. I ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Cultural Competence in the Care of LGBTQ Patients The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer/questioning (LGBTQ) community consists of a cross cultural broad range of community members and inclu ... Read the Article 2 26 Activity DO
Cultural Competence in the Care of LGBTQ Patients The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer/questioning (LGBTQ) community consists of a cross cultural broad range of community members and inclu ... Read the Article 2 26 Activity MD/PA
Cultural Competence in the Care of Muslim Patients and Their Families Delivering high-quality care to patients of the Muslim faith requires knowledge of the differences in cultural and spiritual values. Important differe ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity DO
Cultural Competence in the Care of Muslim Patients and Their Families Delivering high-quality care to patients of the Muslim faith requires knowledge of the differences in cultural and spiritual values. Important differe ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity MD/PA
Cultural Religious Competence In Clinical Practice The diversity of religion within our world's population brings challenges for health care providers and systems to deliver culturally competent medica ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity DO
Cultural Religious Competence In Clinical Practice The diversity of religion within our world's population brings challenges for health care providers and systems to deliver culturally competent medica ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity MD/PA
Depression In Children Depressive disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5) include diagnoses of different disorders, for example, major ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Depression In Children Depressive disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5) include diagnoses of different disorders, for example, major ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Diet and Nutrition To Prevent Dental Problems Dental caries is a dynamic process that involves susceptible tooth surfaces, cariogenic bacteria like Streptococcus mutans or Lactobacillus and a ferm ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Diet and Nutrition To Prevent Dental Problems Dental caries is a dynamic process that involves susceptible tooth surfaces, cariogenic bacteria like Streptococcus mutans or Lactobacillus and a ferm ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Diphtheria Diphtheria is a toxin-mediated infection caused by Corynebacterium species, primarily Corynebacterium diphtheria. It causes skin and mucosal infection ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity DO
Diphtheria Diphtheria is a toxin-mediated infection caused by Corynebacterium species, primarily Corynebacterium diphtheria. It causes skin and mucosal infection ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA
Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis (DTaP) Vaccine The DTaP vaccine is administered to children from 6 weeks to 6 years of age to provide immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. This ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis (DTaP) Vaccine The DTaP vaccine is administered to children from 6 weeks to 6 years of age to provide immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. This ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Diphyllobothrium Latum Diphyllobothriasis is a zoonotic infection that suffers from a lack of awareness in the medical field but has seen a recent resurgence in cases global ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Diphyllobothrium Latum Diphyllobothriasis is a zoonotic infection that suffers from a lack of awareness in the medical field but has seen a recent resurgence in cases global ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Disability Evaluation Impairment and disability are a concern for people around the globe. Injury, illness, or disease that inhibits an individual from participating in the ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Disability Evaluation Impairment and disability are a concern for people around the globe. Injury, illness, or disease that inhibits an individual from participating in the ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Disparity In Early Detection Of Breast Cancer Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. Although significant advancements in early detection and treatments have reduced the overall ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Disparity In Early Detection Of Breast Cancer Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. Although significant advancements in early detection and treatments have reduced the overall ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Diversity and Discrimination In Healthcare America is becoming increasingly diverse. Discrimination against minority groups persists and contributes to negative disparate outcomes for patients ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Diversity and Discrimination In Healthcare America is becoming increasingly diverse. Discrimination against minority groups persists and contributes to negative disparate outcomes for patients ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Diving At Altitude Increased popularity in recreational scuba diving adds to an ongoing category of diving-related injuries and illnesses. Whether recreational or occupa ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Diving At Altitude Increased popularity in recreational scuba diving adds to an ongoing category of diving-related injuries and illnesses. Whether recreational or occupa ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Domestic Violence Family and domestic violence is a common problem in the United States, affecting an estimated 10 million people every year; as many as one in four wom ... Read the Article 1.75 17 Activity DO
Domestic Violence Family and domestic violence is a common problem in the United States, affecting an estimated 10 million people every year; as many as one in four wom ... Read the Article 1.75 17 Activity MD/PA
Drug Trials This activity outlines the significance of drug trials in the process of drug development, the phases of drug trials, and various ethical issues that ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Drug Trials This activity outlines the significance of drug trials in the process of drug development, the phases of drug trials, and various ethical issues that ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) has sustained a niche for measuring bone mineral density since its approval by the Food and Drug Administratio ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) has sustained a niche for measuring bone mineral density since its approval by the Food and Drug Administratio ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Dyslipidemia Dyslipidemia is the imbalance of lipids such as cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, (LDL-C), triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Dyslipidemia Dyslipidemia is the imbalance of lipids such as cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, (LDL-C), triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Eastern Equine Encephalitis Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is one of the most severe arboviral encephalitis affecting America. Currently considered an emerging disease showing ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Eastern Equine Encephalitis Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is one of the most severe arboviral encephalitis affecting America. Currently considered an emerging disease showing ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Ebola Virus The Ebola virus is a contagious, lethal virus causing hemorrhagic fever. A recent epidemic in Western Africa lasted three years and affected several c ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Ebola Virus The Ebola virus is a contagious, lethal virus causing hemorrhagic fever. A recent epidemic in Western Africa lasted three years and affected several c ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Echinococcus Granulosus Echinococcosis (Echinococcus granulosis) is a zoonotic larval infection that infects humans globally. Patients with this condition may be asymptomatic ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Echinococcus Granulosus Echinococcosis (Echinococcus granulosis) is a zoonotic larval infection that infects humans globally. Patients with this condition may be asymptomatic ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Electronic Vaping Delivery Of Cannabis And Nicotine This activity outlines the current scientific literature and knowledge of the risks and benefits of inhaling nicotine through proprietary devices. It ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Electronic Vaping Delivery Of Cannabis And Nicotine This activity outlines the current scientific literature and knowledge of the risks and benefits of inhaling nicotine through proprietary devices. It ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Emerging Variants of SARS-CoV-2 And Novel Therapeutics Against Coronavirus (COVID-19) COVID -19 is an acute viral illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 primarily affects the respirato ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Emerging Variants of SARS-CoV-2 And Novel Therapeutics Against Coronavirus (COVID-19) COVID -19 is an acute viral illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 primarily affects the respirato ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Entamoeba Coli Entamoeba coli is one of many non-pathogenic protozoa found in humans. It is transmitted through fecal-oral contact, and the mature cyst can be found ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Entamoeba Coli Entamoeba coli is one of many non-pathogenic protozoa found in humans. It is transmitted through fecal-oral contact, and the mature cyst can be found ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Enterovirus Enteroviruses are a class of viruses comprising over 300 serotypes. These ubiquitous viruses cause a wide spectrum of diseases with heterogeneous pres ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Enterovirus Enteroviruses are a class of viruses comprising over 300 serotypes. These ubiquitous viruses cause a wide spectrum of diseases with heterogeneous pres ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Epidemiology Of Prevention Of Communicable Diseases Communicable diseases are illnesses caused by viruses or bacteria that people spread to one another through contact with contaminated surfaces, bodily ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Epidemiology Of Prevention Of Communicable Diseases Communicable diseases are illnesses caused by viruses or bacteria that people spread to one another through contact with contaminated surfaces, bodily ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Essential Hypertension The current definition of hypertension (HTN) is systolic blood pressure (SBP) values of 130mmHg or more and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) more tha ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity DO
Essential Hypertension The current definition of hypertension (HTN) is systolic blood pressure (SBP) values of 130mmHg or more and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) more tha ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA
Estrogen Estrogen is a steroid hormone associated with the female reproductive organs and is responsible for the development of female sexual characteristics. ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Estrogen Estrogen is a steroid hormone associated with the female reproductive organs and is responsible for the development of female sexual characteristics. ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Evaluation and Treatment Of Pain With Medicinal Cannabis Pain is a multifaceted issue affecting millions of individuals that often requires multimodal therapies with an integrated team model. Due to refracto ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Evaluation and Treatment Of Pain With Medicinal Cannabis Pain is a multifaceted issue affecting millions of individuals that often requires multimodal therapies with an integrated team model. Due to refracto ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Extraintestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease involve multiple organ systems. They are common and may result in significant morbidity. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Extraintestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease involve multiple organ systems. They are common and may result in significant morbidity. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Familial Hypercholesterolemia Familial hypercholesterolemia is a group of inherited genetic defects that lead to the severe elevation of serum cholesterol concentrations. Clinicall ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity DO
Familial Hypercholesterolemia Familial hypercholesterolemia is a group of inherited genetic defects that lead to the severe elevation of serum cholesterol concentrations. Clinicall ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA
Features, Evaluation, and Treatment of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the highly contagious infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), ... Read the Article 1.5 8 Activity DO
Features, Evaluation, and Treatment of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the highly contagious infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), ... Read the Article 1.5 8 Activity MD/PA
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Fetal alcohol syndrome is one of the five disorders that comprise fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). These fetal alcohol spectrum disorders clas ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Fetal alcohol syndrome is one of the five disorders that comprise fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). These fetal alcohol spectrum disorders clas ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Filariasis Lymphatic filariasis is a neglected tropical disease that causes significant morbidity in the developing world. This activity reviews the evaluation, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Filariasis Lymphatic filariasis is a neglected tropical disease that causes significant morbidity in the developing world. This activity reviews the evaluation, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Flea Bites Flea bites are common in North America, especially in outdoor or unkempt conditions. Improving the interprofessional team's skills to educate patients ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Flea Bites Flea bites are common in North America, especially in outdoor or unkempt conditions. Improving the interprofessional team's skills to educate patients ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Food And Drug Administration Recalls The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) enforces standards for prescription medications, medical devices, and vaccines through the recall process. Thi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Food And Drug Administration Recalls The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) enforces standards for prescription medications, medical devices, and vaccines through the recall process. Thi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Genital Warts Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum) are a sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. These are spread by ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Genital Warts Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum) are a sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. These are spread by ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Giardia Lamblia Enteritis Giardia lamblia enteritis is small-intestine gastroenteritis caused by the pathogenic protozoan Giardia lamblia, (Giardia duodenalis or Giardia intest ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Giardia Lamblia Enteritis Giardia lamblia enteritis is small-intestine gastroenteritis caused by the pathogenic protozoan Giardia lamblia, (Giardia duodenalis or Giardia intest ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an obligate human pathogen, is a sexually transmitted disease that causes consequential worldwide morbidity both in resource-ab ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity DO
Gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an obligate human pathogen, is a sexually transmitted disease that causes consequential worldwide morbidity both in resource-ab ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity MD/PA
H1N1 Influenza H1N1 influenza is a subtype of influenza A virus, a communicable viral illness which causes upper and in some cases lower respiratory tract infections ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
H1N1 Influenza H1N1 influenza is a subtype of influenza A virus, a communicable viral illness which causes upper and in some cases lower respiratory tract infections ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Haemophilus Influenza Type B Vaccine The Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent invasive H. influenzae infections (usually caused by H. influenzae type b ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Haemophilus Influenza Type B Vaccine The Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent invasive H. influenzae infections (usually caused by H. influenzae type b ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Haemophilus Influenzae Haemophilus influenzae is a bacteria characterized as a small, facultatively anaerobic, pleomorphic, and capnophilic gram-negative coccobacillus of th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Haemophilus Influenzae Haemophilus influenzae is a bacteria characterized as a small, facultatively anaerobic, pleomorphic, and capnophilic gram-negative coccobacillus of th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Hand Foot And Mouth Disease Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness usually affecting infants and children but can affect adults. The infection usually inv ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Hand Foot And Mouth Disease Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness usually affecting infants and children but can affect adults. The infection usually inv ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Hand Hygiene Handwashing practices in the patient care setting began in the early 19th century. The practice evolved over the years with evidential proof of its va ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Hand Hygiene Handwashing practices in the patient care setting began in the early 19th century. The practice evolved over the years with evidential proof of its va ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Health Screening A health screening test is a medical test or procedure performed on members of an asymptomatic population or population subgroup to assess their likel ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Health Screening A health screening test is a medical test or procedure performed on members of an asymptomatic population or population subgroup to assess their likel ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Heavy Metal Toxicity Heavy metals are elements found in nature that accumulate in the environment mostly due to anthropogenic activities. Humans are exposed to them by occ ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Heavy Metal Toxicity Heavy metals are elements found in nature that accumulate in the environment mostly due to anthropogenic activities. Humans are exposed to them by occ ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Hepatitis The term hepatitis means inflammation of the liver — hepatitis most commonly results from viruses. But drugs, alcohol, toxins, and certain diseases, i ... Read the Article 1.75 17 Activity DO
Hepatitis The term hepatitis means inflammation of the liver — hepatitis most commonly results from viruses. But drugs, alcohol, toxins, and certain diseases, i ... Read the Article 1.75 17 Activity MD/PA
Hepatitis A The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the family Picornaviridae. It replicates primarily within h ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity DO
Hepatitis A The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the family Picornaviridae. It replicates primarily within h ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA
Hepatitis A Vaccine Hepatitis A infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This activity will describe how to prevent this infection through t ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Hepatitis A Vaccine Hepatitis A infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This activity will describe how to prevent this infection through t ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B infection is a serious global healthcare problem. Often transmitted via body fluids like blood, semen, and vaginal secretions, the hepatit ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity DO
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B infection is a serious global healthcare problem. Often transmitted via body fluids like blood, semen, and vaginal secretions, the hepatit ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity MD/PA
Hepatitis B Vaccine The hepatitis B vaccine is a medication used in the prevention of hepatitis B infection, which can lead to chronic liver failure and hepatocellular ca ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity DO
Hepatitis B Vaccine The hepatitis B vaccine is a medication used in the prevention of hepatitis B infection, which can lead to chronic liver failure and hepatocellular ca ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem affecting 185 million people worldwide. The percentage of people who are seropositive for ant ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity DO
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem affecting 185 million people worldwide. The percentage of people who are seropositive for ant ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity MD/PA
Hepatitis D Hepatitis D virus (HDV) was discovered in 1977 in patients with chronic Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Originally thought to be an unrecognized H ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Hepatitis D Hepatitis D virus (HDV) was discovered in 1977 in patients with chronic Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Originally thought to be an unrecognized H ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colon Cancer Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), also known as Lynch syndrome, is an autosomal dominant disorder. Individuals with HNPCC are at inc ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colon Cancer Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), also known as Lynch syndrome, is an autosomal dominant disorder. Individuals with HNPCC are at inc ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Herpes Simplex Type 2 This activity reviews the evaluation and management of herpes simplex type 2 and highlights the role of the primary care provider in managing patients ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity DO
Herpes Simplex Type 2 This activity reviews the evaluation and management of herpes simplex type 2 and highlights the role of the primary care provider in managing patients ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA
Histamine Toxicity Scombroid poisoning results from eating fish that have been improperly stored. The primary toxic agent implicated in scombroid toxicity is histidine, ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity DO
Histamine Toxicity Scombroid poisoning results from eating fish that have been improperly stored. The primary toxic agent implicated in scombroid toxicity is histidine, ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA
HIV Prevention This activity reviews the risk factors for HIV transmission and methods of reducing risk of transmission. Although HIV infections are overall decreasi ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
HIV Prevention This activity reviews the risk factors for HIV transmission and methods of reducing risk of transmission. Although HIV infections are overall decreasi ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
HIV Prophylaxis HIV prophylaxis is divided into two categories: post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PEP is the administration of anti ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
HIV Prophylaxis HIV prophylaxis is divided into two categories: post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PEP is the administration of anti ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Hookworm Hookworm infection is one of the common parasitic infestations in developing countries. They are mainly causing iron deficiency anemia in exposed pati ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Hookworm Hookworm infection is one of the common parasitic infestations in developing countries. They are mainly causing iron deficiency anemia in exposed pati ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Human Growth and Development Evaluation of growth and development is a crucial element in the physical examination of a patient. A piece of good working knowledge and the skill to ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Human Growth and Development Evaluation of growth and development is a crucial element in the physical examination of a patient. A piece of good working knowledge and the skill to ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine The 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (9vHPV) is a vaccine used in the management and prevention of infection with human papillomavirus (HPV ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine The 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (9vHPV) is a vaccine used in the management and prevention of infection with human papillomavirus (HPV ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Human Papillomavirus The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a non-enveloped, double-stranded, circular DNA virus that is responsible for causing multiple epithelial lesions and ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Human Papillomavirus The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a non-enveloped, double-stranded, circular DNA virus that is responsible for causing multiple epithelial lesions and ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Human Trafficking Human trafficking is a pressing public health concern which transcends all races, social classes, demographics, and gender. No population is exempt fr ... Read the Article 2 23 Activity DO
Human Trafficking Human trafficking is a pressing public health concern which transcends all races, social classes, demographics, and gender. No population is exempt fr ... Read the Article 2 23 Activity MD/PA
Hydrogen Sulfide Toxicity Hydrogen sulfide can be found in many environments, and toxicity can arise from both direct contact and as the chemical enters the bloodstream. At hig ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Hydrogen Sulfide Toxicity Hydrogen sulfide can be found in many environments, and toxicity can arise from both direct contact and as the chemical enters the bloodstream. At hig ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Immunization Immunization has become a vital part of public health and disease prevention, yet remain a controversial topic. Diseases which were once responsible f ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Immunization Immunization has become a vital part of public health and disease prevention, yet remain a controversial topic. Diseases which were once responsible f ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Inappropriate Medical Abbreviations Use of medical abbreviations in medicine is not new. Since the development of mainstream medicine nearly 200 years ago, abbreviations have been used. ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Inappropriate Medical Abbreviations Use of medical abbreviations in medicine is not new. Since the development of mainstream medicine nearly 200 years ago, abbreviations have been used. ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Influenza Influenza is a communicable viral disease that affects the upper respiratory tract, including upper and lower respiratory passages. A wide spectrum of ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Influenza Influenza is a communicable viral disease that affects the upper respiratory tract, including upper and lower respiratory passages. A wide spectrum of ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Influenza Vaccine Influenza viruses belong to Orthomyxoviridae RNA virus family and classify into three distinct types based on their major antigenic differences; influ ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Influenza Vaccine Influenza viruses belong to Orthomyxoviridae RNA virus family and classify into three distinct types based on their major antigenic differences; influ ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Insect Bites The term "bug bite" is commonly used to denote both bites and stings inflicted by members of the phylum Arthropoda. Arthropods make up the largest di ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity DO
Insect Bites The term "bug bite" is commonly used to denote both bites and stings inflicted by members of the phylum Arthropoda. Arthropods make up the largest di ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity MD/PA
Japanese Encephalitis Japanese encephalitis is the most common preventable cause of mosquito-borne encephalitis in Asia, Australia, and the western Pacific. The Culex spec ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Japanese Encephalitis Japanese encephalitis is the most common preventable cause of mosquito-borne encephalitis in Asia, Australia, and the western Pacific. The Culex spec ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
La Crosse Encephalitis La Crosse encephalitis is a relatively uncommon arboviral illness predominantly seen in the pediatric population but may also affect adults. Though no ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
La Crosse Encephalitis La Crosse encephalitis is a relatively uncommon arboviral illness predominantly seen in the pediatric population but may also affect adults. Though no ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Lead Toxicity Lead became a common occupational toxin with the birth of the Industrial Revolution, by the end of the 19-century childhood lead poisoning secondary t ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity DO
Lead Toxicity Lead became a common occupational toxin with the birth of the Industrial Revolution, by the end of the 19-century childhood lead poisoning secondary t ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity MD/PA
Legionnaires' Disease Legionnaires' disease is a condition of severe pneumonia caused by Legionella, an aerobic gram-negative bacillus. This is a common cause of hospital a ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity DO
Legionnaires' Disease Legionnaires' disease is a condition of severe pneumonia caused by Legionella, an aerobic gram-negative bacillus. This is a common cause of hospital a ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity MD/PA
Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease transmitted by sandflies that is most commonly seen in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America. As travel pattern ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease transmitted by sandflies that is most commonly seen in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America. As travel pattern ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Leptospirosis Leptospirosis, also called Weil disease, is the most common zoonotic infection in the world. Leptospirosis is caused by an infection with the spiroche ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Leptospirosis Leptospirosis, also called Weil disease, is the most common zoonotic infection in the world. Leptospirosis is caused by an infection with the spiroche ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Listeria Monocytogenes Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative, intracellular, gram-positive rod that is responsible for causing the infection listeriosis. Listeria causes s ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity DO
Listeria Monocytogenes Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative, intracellular, gram-positive rod that is responsible for causing the infection listeriosis. Listeria causes s ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA
Localized Prostate Cancer The natural history of prostate cancer has been extensively studied in patients treated conservatively. Most localized prostate cancer represents an i ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Localized Prostate Cancer The natural history of prostate cancer has been extensively studied in patients treated conservatively. Most localized prostate cancer represents an i ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Lung Cancer Screening Worldwide lung cancer has the highest rate of mortality and is the leading cause of cancer deaths. The incidence of lung cancer is approximately equal ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Lung Cancer Screening Worldwide lung cancer has the highest rate of mortality and is the leading cause of cancer deaths. The incidence of lung cancer is approximately equal ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Malaria Prophylaxis Malaria is an infection caused by Plasmodium species endemic to most parts of Africa, South America, East Asia, and parts of Europe and the Middle Eas ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Malaria Prophylaxis Malaria is an infection caused by Plasmodium species endemic to most parts of Africa, South America, East Asia, and parts of Europe and the Middle Eas ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Malignant Melanoma A melanoma is a tumor produced by the malignant transformation of melanocytes. Melanocytes are derived from the neural crest; consequently, melanomas, ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity DO
Malignant Melanoma A melanoma is a tumor produced by the malignant transformation of melanocytes. Melanocytes are derived from the neural crest; consequently, melanomas, ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA
Marijuana And Maternal, Perinatal, and Neonatal Outcomes Drug abuse and drug dependency are major public health problems. Marijuana is the most commonly abused drug among all genders and age groups. This act ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Marijuana And Maternal, Perinatal, and Neonatal Outcomes Drug abuse and drug dependency are major public health problems. Marijuana is the most commonly abused drug among all genders and age groups. This act ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Medical Error A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of medical care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. Among the problems that commo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Medical Error A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of medical care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. Among the problems that commo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Medical Error Reduction and Prevention This activity provides an in-depth description of the significance of medical error in the practice of medicine. It also highlights a number of impor ... Read the Article 2.25 28 Activity DO
Medical Error Reduction and Prevention This activity provides an in-depth description of the significance of medical error in the practice of medicine. It also highlights a number of impor ... Read the Article 2.25 28 Activity MD/PA
Medication Dispensing Errors And Prevention Close to 6,800 prescription medications and countless over-the-counter drugs are available in the United States. To further complicate a practitioner' ... Read the Article 2.25 33 Activity DO
Medication Dispensing Errors And Prevention Close to 6,800 prescription medications and countless over-the-counter drugs are available in the United States. To further complicate a practitioner' ... Read the Article 2.25 33 Activity MD/PA
Medication Routes of Administration A medication administration route is often classified by the location at which the drug is applied, such as oral or intravenous. The choice of routes ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Medication Routes of Administration A medication administration route is often classified by the location at which the drug is applied, such as oral or intravenous. The choice of routes ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Meningitis In spite of breakthroughs in diagnosis, treatment, and vaccination, in 2015 there were 8.7 million reported cases of meningitis worldwide with 379,000 ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity DO
Meningitis In spite of breakthroughs in diagnosis, treatment, and vaccination, in 2015 there were 8.7 million reported cases of meningitis worldwide with 379,000 ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA
Meningococcal Meningitis Meningitis is an infection/inflammation of the membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord known as the meninges. Meningococcal meningitis is the ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Meningococcal Meningitis Meningitis is an infection/inflammation of the membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord known as the meninges. Meningococcal meningitis is the ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Meningococcal Prophylaxis Neisseria meningitidis is a gram-negative bacterium that inhabits the mucosal surface of the nasopharynx in approximately 10% of healthy persons. The ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Meningococcal Prophylaxis Neisseria meningitidis is a gram-negative bacterium that inhabits the mucosal surface of the nasopharynx in approximately 10% of healthy persons. The ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Meningococcal Vaccine Meningococcal disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This activity will describe how to deal with this disease as a serious ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Meningococcal Vaccine Meningococcal disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This activity will describe how to deal with this disease as a serious ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Metabolic Syndrome Metabolic syndrome is an accumulation of several disorders, which together raise the risk of an individual developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular d ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Metabolic Syndrome Metabolic syndrome is an accumulation of several disorders, which together raise the risk of an individual developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular d ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Millipede Envenomation This activity reviews millipede envenomation and the identification and evaluation of exposure by an interprofessional team. It discusses the manageme ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Millipede Envenomation This activity reviews millipede envenomation and the identification and evaluation of exposure by an interprofessional team. It discusses the manageme ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
MMR Vaccine The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is a live-attenuated combined vaccine used in the prevention and, in specific patient populations, post-exposu ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
MMR Vaccine The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is a live-attenuated combined vaccine used in the prevention and, in specific patient populations, post-exposu ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Needlestick Needlestick injuries are frequent occurrences in healthcare settings and can lead to serious complications. While the introduction of universal precau ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity DO
Needlestick Needlestick injuries are frequent occurrences in healthcare settings and can lead to serious complications. While the introduction of universal precau ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA
Neisseria Meningitidis Meningococcal infections are an important disease caused by the bacterium, Neisseria meningitidis. It affects people of all ages and can even infect h ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Neisseria Meningitidis Meningococcal infections are an important disease caused by the bacterium, Neisseria meningitidis. It affects people of all ages and can even infect h ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Nickel Allergy Nickel allergy is a type of contact dermatitis caused by direct contact with nickel. It is the most common identifiable cause of metal-related contact ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Nickel Allergy Nickel allergy is a type of contact dermatitis caused by direct contact with nickel. It is the most common identifiable cause of metal-related contact ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Nicotine Addiction Nicotine addiction is a complex disorder with no easy cure. Habitual use of tobacco and tobacco products continues to be a significant contributor to ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Nicotine Addiction Nicotine addiction is a complex disorder with no easy cure. Habitual use of tobacco and tobacco products continues to be a significant contributor to ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Nonseminomatous Testicular Tumors Testicular non-seminomatous giant cell tumor (NSGCT) is curable cancer. It can be managed ideally if the medical health providers know the knowledge o ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity DO
Nonseminomatous Testicular Tumors Testicular non-seminomatous giant cell tumor (NSGCT) is curable cancer. It can be managed ideally if the medical health providers know the knowledge o ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity MD/PA
Norovirus Noroviruses are nonenveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses belonging to the Caliciviridae viral family. Norovirus is a common cause of ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Norovirus Noroviruses are nonenveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses belonging to the Caliciviridae viral family. Norovirus is a common cause of ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Obesity Obesity is the excessive or abnormal accumulation of fat or adipose tissue in the body that may impair health. Obesity has become an epidemic which ha ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity DO
Obesity Obesity is the excessive or abnormal accumulation of fat or adipose tissue in the body that may impair health. Obesity has become an epidemic which ha ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA
Obesity Effects On Child Health Obesity in childhood is the most challenging public health issue in the twenty-first century. Childhood obesity is associated with increased morbidit ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Obesity Effects On Child Health Obesity in childhood is the most challenging public health issue in the twenty-first century. Childhood obesity is associated with increased morbidit ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Obesity in Pediatric Patients Obesity is a common health concern in pediatrics. It causes a myriad of comorbidities affecting every organ system of the child. Inadequate treatment ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Obesity in Pediatric Patients Obesity is a common health concern in pediatrics. It causes a myriad of comorbidities affecting every organ system of the child. Inadequate treatment ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Obesity Surgery Indications And Contraindications Obesity affects at least one-third of adults and 17 percent of youth in the United States and confers an increased risk of related comorbidities such ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Obesity Surgery Indications And Contraindications Obesity affects at least one-third of adults and 17 percent of youth in the United States and confers an increased risk of related comorbidities such ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Oral Mucosa Cancer Oral mucosal cancer is cancer that arises from the lining (mucosa) of the oral cavity. The main risk factors are smoking and alcohol consumption. The ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Oral Mucosa Cancer Oral mucosal cancer is cancer that arises from the lining (mucosa) of the oral cavity. The main risk factors are smoking and alcohol consumption. The ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standards Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can lead to serious disease. Health care workers and support staff are at incre ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standards Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can lead to serious disease. Health care workers and support staff are at incre ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Osteopenia Osteopenia describes a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) below normal reference values, yet not low enough to meet the diagnostic criteria for os ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Osteopenia Osteopenia describes a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) below normal reference values, yet not low enough to meet the diagnostic criteria for os ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Osteoporosis In Females Osteoporosis is commonly encountered in older women with no underlying risk factors. This activity provides an overall basic and specialist knowledge ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity DO
Osteoporosis In Females Osteoporosis is commonly encountered in older women with no underlying risk factors. This activity provides an overall basic and specialist knowledge ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity MD/PA
Palliative Care The World Health Organization characterizes the field of palliative care as a form of specialized medical care which aims to optimize the quality of l ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity DO
Palliative Care The World Health Organization characterizes the field of palliative care as a form of specialized medical care which aims to optimize the quality of l ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity MD/PA
Parainfluenza Virus The human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) is an enveloped, negative-sense, single-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the family of Paramyxoviridae. HPIV ca ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Parainfluenza Virus The human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) is an enveloped, negative-sense, single-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the family of Paramyxoviridae. HPIV ca ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Paramyxovirus The Paramyxoviridae is a family of single-stranded RNA viruses known to cause different types of infections in vertebrates. Examples of these infecti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Paramyxovirus The Paramyxoviridae is a family of single-stranded RNA viruses known to cause different types of infections in vertebrates. Examples of these infecti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Parental Consent Physicians and medical researchers have a moral and legal obligation to obtain informed consent. Informed consent must include the patient being compe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Parental Consent Physicians and medical researchers have a moral and legal obligation to obtain informed consent. Informed consent must include the patient being compe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Pediculosis Pediculosis (louse infestation) affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year and have been reported in all countries and within all soci ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Pediculosis Pediculosis (louse infestation) affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year and have been reported in all countries and within all soci ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Pediculosis Corporis Pediculosis corporis is a skin condition caused by body lice (Pediculus humanus corporis) that feed on human blood. These lice lay their eggs in the s ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Pediculosis Corporis Pediculosis corporis is a skin condition caused by body lice (Pediculus humanus corporis) that feed on human blood. These lice lay their eggs in the s ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Pertussis Pertussis, literally meaning “a violent cough,” and also known as whooping cough, or “the cough of 100 days,” was first described in the Paris epidemi ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity DO
Pertussis Pertussis, literally meaning “a violent cough,” and also known as whooping cough, or “the cough of 100 days,” was first described in the Paris epidemi ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA
Plague Plague is caused by Yersinia pestis, perhaps one of the most important bacterial pathogens in human history. It occurs in epidemics and pandemics with ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Plague Plague is caused by Yersinia pestis, perhaps one of the most important bacterial pathogens in human history. It occurs in epidemics and pandemics with ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Malaria is a global infectious disease that remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Severe and fatal malaria is pr ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Malaria is a global infectious disease that remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Severe and fatal malaria is pr ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Pneumococcal Vaccine The advent of pneumococcal vaccines has proven to be a significant advancement in the treatment and prevention of a widespread and sometimes deadly di ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Pneumococcal Vaccine The advent of pneumococcal vaccines has proven to be a significant advancement in the treatment and prevention of a widespread and sometimes deadly di ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Poliomyelitis Poliomyelitis (polio) is a viral disease that can range in severity from self-limiting disease to meningitis. In its most severe form, it may present ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Poliomyelitis Poliomyelitis (polio) is a viral disease that can range in severity from self-limiting disease to meningitis. In its most severe form, it may present ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Polypharmacy The term polypharmacy refers to the use of 5 or more medications, based on a review of current data. Aging places individuals at risk of multi-morbidi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Polypharmacy The term polypharmacy refers to the use of 5 or more medications, based on a review of current data. Aging places individuals at risk of multi-morbidi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Powassan Virus Powassan Virus (POW) is an emerging arboviral infection that can cause encephalitis and meningoencephalitis. It most commonly presents with neurologic ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Powassan Virus Powassan Virus (POW) is an emerging arboviral infection that can cause encephalitis and meningoencephalitis. It most commonly presents with neurologic ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Prediabetes Prediabetes is a precursor before the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Adults with prediabetes often may show no signs or symptoms of diabetes but will ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Prediabetes Prediabetes is a precursor before the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Adults with prediabetes often may show no signs or symptoms of diabetes but will ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Pregnancy And Viral Hepatitis The common cause of jaundice in pregnancy is acute viral hepatitis. Hepatitis could be caused by diseases distinctively associated with pregnancy and ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Pregnancy And Viral Hepatitis The common cause of jaundice in pregnancy is acute viral hepatitis. Hepatitis could be caused by diseases distinctively associated with pregnancy and ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Primary Lung Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death from an infectious agent worldwide, causing even more deaths in HIV/AIDS patients. A third of the world's p ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Primary Lung Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death from an infectious agent worldwide, causing even more deaths in HIV/AIDS patients. A third of the world's p ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Psittacosis Psittacosis represents a zoonotic bacterial infectious disease caused by the obligate intracellular organism, Chlamydia psittaci. Psittacosis, which i ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Psittacosis Psittacosis represents a zoonotic bacterial infectious disease caused by the obligate intracellular organism, Chlamydia psittaci. Psittacosis, which i ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Psychiatric Illness And Criminality The relationship between psychiatric illness and criminality has been the topic of intense debate and scrutiny in the recent past in light of multiple ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Psychiatric Illness And Criminality The relationship between psychiatric illness and criminality has been the topic of intense debate and scrutiny in the recent past in light of multiple ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Rabies Rabies causes a viral encephalitis which kills up to 70000 people/year worldwide. Infected animal saliva transmits the viral encephalitis to humans. R ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Rabies Rabies causes a viral encephalitis which kills up to 70000 people/year worldwide. Infected animal saliva transmits the viral encephalitis to humans. R ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Radiation Syndrome Prolonged or significant exposure to ionizing radiation can result in acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The National Council on Radiation Protection and ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Radiation Syndrome Prolonged or significant exposure to ionizing radiation can result in acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The National Council on Radiation Protection and ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Radon Toxicity Radon toxicity is one of the leading causes of lung cancers in non-smokers. It is a radioactive gas that is naturally occurring in the environment and ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Radon Toxicity Radon toxicity is one of the leading causes of lung cancers in non-smokers. It is a radioactive gas that is naturally occurring in the environment and ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Rickettsia Rickettsiae Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an acute febrile tick-borne illness caused by Rickettsia rickettsii. In North America, it is both the most seve ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Rickettsia Rickettsiae Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an acute febrile tick-borne illness caused by Rickettsia rickettsii. In North America, it is both the most seve ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Risk Factors For Coronary Artery Disease Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of mortality among adults in the United States. While common, it is preventable. This activity ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Risk Factors For Coronary Artery Disease Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of mortality among adults in the United States. While common, it is preventable. This activity ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Risk Management Event Evaluation and Responsibilities Risk management in healthcare is a complex set of clinical and administrative systems, processes, procedures, and reporting structures designed to det ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Risk Management Event Evaluation and Responsibilities Risk management in healthcare is a complex set of clinical and administrative systems, processes, procedures, and reporting structures designed to det ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Root Cause Analysis and Medical Error Prevention Medical error is an unfortunate reality that continues to occur at alarming rates within the United States healthcare system. These mistakes can resul ... Read the Article 1.75 22 Activity DO
Root Cause Analysis and Medical Error Prevention Medical error is an unfortunate reality that continues to occur at alarming rates within the United States healthcare system. These mistakes can resul ... Read the Article 1.75 22 Activity MD/PA
Rubella Rubella is a mild viral disease that typically occurs in children and non-immune young adults. In pregnant women, rubella infection can produce a cons ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Rubella Rubella is a mild viral disease that typically occurs in children and non-immune young adults. In pregnant women, rubella infection can produce a cons ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Rubella Vaccine The rubella vaccine is a vaccine that aims to prevent rubella. Rubella, also known as German measles, is an acute, self-limiting, contagious viral inf ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Rubella Vaccine The rubella vaccine is a vaccine that aims to prevent rubella. Rubella, also known as German measles, is an acute, self-limiting, contagious viral inf ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Rubeola (Measles) This activity reviews the epidemiology and pathophysiology of measles to further understand its epidemiological situation. This will hopefully lead to ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity DO
Rubeola (Measles) This activity reviews the epidemiology and pathophysiology of measles to further understand its epidemiological situation. This will hopefully lead to ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity MD/PA
Saccular Aneurysm This activity will focus on saccular cerebral and aortic aneurysms. Most cerebral aneurysms are asymptomatic and small, and they are found incidentall ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Saccular Aneurysm This activity will focus on saccular cerebral and aortic aneurysms. Most cerebral aneurysms are asymptomatic and small, and they are found incidentall ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Safe And Effective Administration Of Vaccines And Epinephrine Autoinjection Safe and effective administration of vaccines and epinephrine autoinjection is performed on various populations to reduce rates of varying life-threat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Safe And Effective Administration Of Vaccines And Epinephrine Autoinjection Safe and effective administration of vaccines and epinephrine autoinjection is performed on various populations to reduce rates of varying life-threat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Salmonella Salmonellae are motile gram-negative bacilli that infect or colonize humans, causing a number of clinical infections with different clinical features ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Salmonella Salmonellae are motile gram-negative bacilli that infect or colonize humans, causing a number of clinical infections with different clinical features ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Seat Belt Injuries Although seatbelts have prevented numerous deaths by reducing head injuries, they can cause damage via the transmission of force upon impact associate ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Seat Belt Injuries Although seatbelts have prevented numerous deaths by reducing head injuries, they can cause damage via the transmission of force upon impact associate ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Secukinumab Secukinumab is a novel biologic agent that specifically targets interleukin-17 (IL-17) involved in a pathological process. It is a fully human monoclo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Secukinumab Secukinumab is a novel biologic agent that specifically targets interleukin-17 (IL-17) involved in a pathological process. It is a fully human monoclo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Selenium Selenium is a trace metal supplement used in the management and treatment of selenium deficiency. This activity reviews the indications, contraindicat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Selenium Selenium is a trace metal supplement used in the management and treatment of selenium deficiency. This activity reviews the indications, contraindicat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome A new and rapidly progressive respiratory syndrome termed severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was identified by the World Health Organization (WH ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome A new and rapidly progressive respiratory syndrome termed severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was identified by the World Health Organization (WH ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Sexual Assault Infectious Disease Prophylaxis Patients presenting for medical treatment after a sexual assault may be concerned about the possibility of acquiring an infectious disease. For many t ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Sexual Assault Infectious Disease Prophylaxis Patients presenting for medical treatment after a sexual assault may be concerned about the possibility of acquiring an infectious disease. For many t ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Sexually Transmitted Infections Sexually transmitted infections are disease processes from close physical contact between males and females by transmission through sexual contact. Se ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Sexually Transmitted Infections Sexually transmitted infections are disease processes from close physical contact between males and females by transmission through sexual contact. Se ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Short Stature Short stature is defined as a condition in which an individual's height is in the 3rd percentile for the mean height of a given age, sex, and populati ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Short Stature Short stature is defined as a condition in which an individual's height is in the 3rd percentile for the mean height of a given age, sex, and populati ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Sickle Cell Trait Sickle cell trait (SCT) is a benign condition in which the affected individual has only one abnormal hemoglobin beta gene allele. This is in contrast ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Sickle Cell Trait Sickle cell trait (SCT) is a benign condition in which the affected individual has only one abnormal hemoglobin beta gene allele. This is in contrast ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Sleep Apnea Syndrome Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a condition in which there is a dynamic collapse of upper airway tissues during sleep. This may result in recurren ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Sleep Apnea Syndrome Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a condition in which there is a dynamic collapse of upper airway tissues during sleep. This may result in recurren ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Smallpox Smallpox is the first human infectious disease to be successfully eradicated worldwide. It remains of clinical concern because of the potential for re ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Smallpox Smallpox is the first human infectious disease to be successfully eradicated worldwide. It remains of clinical concern because of the potential for re ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Smoking Tobacco smoking is a practice of burning tobacco with the smoke inhaled to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream. Around 23 percent of the world ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Smoking Tobacco smoking is a practice of burning tobacco with the smoke inhaled to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream. Around 23 percent of the world ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Smoking Cessation Tobacco use, primarily as cigarette smoking, is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. Assisting patients with smoki ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Smoking Cessation Tobacco use, primarily as cigarette smoking, is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. Assisting patients with smoki ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Sports Participation Evaluation Evaluation of a patient for participation in sporting activities has a traditional role in ensuring their health before enduring the effects and stres ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Sports Participation Evaluation Evaluation of a patient for participation in sporting activities has a traditional role in ensuring their health before enduring the effects and stres ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Strongyloidiasis Strongyloidiasis is a disease caused by the intestinal worms Strongyloides stercoralis or Strongyloides fuelleborni. The more common of the two, Sterc ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Strongyloidiasis Strongyloidiasis is a disease caused by the intestinal worms Strongyloides stercoralis or Strongyloides fuelleborni. The more common of the two, Sterc ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Subarachnoid hemorrhages are life-threatening and result from the accumulation of blood between the arachnoid and pia mater. The incidence of subarach ... Read the Article 2 29 Activity DO
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Subarachnoid hemorrhages are life-threatening and result from the accumulation of blood between the arachnoid and pia mater. The incidence of subarach ... Read the Article 2 29 Activity MD/PA
Substance Use Disorder Substance use disorders result from long-term exposure to substances and subsequent mental and physical dependence. This can lead to social, academic, ... Read the Article 1.5 12 Activity DO
Substance Use Disorder Substance use disorders result from long-term exposure to substances and subsequent mental and physical dependence. This can lead to social, academic, ... Read the Article 1.5 12 Activity MD/PA
Substance Use In Pregnancy Substance use disorder (SUD) in pregnancy is a growing concern in the United States. Patients with substance use disorders in the peripartum period fa ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity DO
Substance Use In Pregnancy Substance use disorder (SUD) in pregnancy is a growing concern in the United States. Patients with substance use disorders in the peripartum period fa ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity MD/PA
Suicide Risk Suicide is the tenth most common cause of death in the United States, but it can often be prevented with appropriate intervention. This activity re ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity DO
Suicide Risk Suicide is the tenth most common cause of death in the United States, but it can often be prevented with appropriate intervention. This activity re ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity MD/PA
Teriparatide Teriparatide is a medication used in the management and treatment of osteoporosis. It is in the anabolic class of osteoporosis medications. This activ ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Teriparatide Teriparatide is a medication used in the management and treatment of osteoporosis. It is in the anabolic class of osteoporosis medications. This activ ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Tetanus Tetanus is an infection characterized by muscle spasms and lockjaw, also called trismus. Toxins produced by Clostridium tetani are responsible for the ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity DO
Tetanus Tetanus is an infection characterized by muscle spasms and lockjaw, also called trismus. Toxins produced by Clostridium tetani are responsible for the ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity MD/PA
Tetanus Prophylaxis This activity reviews and outlines the role of tetanus prophylaxis. It will outline the basics of immunization and prophylaxis and will discuss types ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Tetanus Prophylaxis This activity reviews and outlines the role of tetanus prophylaxis. It will outline the basics of immunization and prophylaxis and will discuss types ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Tetanus Toxoid The tetanus toxoid is a vaccine used in the management and treatment of tetanus. It is in the vaccine class of medications. This activity reviews the ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity DO
Tetanus Toxoid The tetanus toxoid is a vaccine used in the management and treatment of tetanus. It is in the vaccine class of medications. This activity reviews the ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA
Therapeutic Communication Therapeutic communication is an invaluable approach to interactions with patients that is applicable across multiple disciplines. This activity revie ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity DO
Therapeutic Communication Therapeutic communication is an invaluable approach to interactions with patients that is applicable across multiple disciplines. This activity revie ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity MD/PA
Travelers Diarrhea Traveler's diarrhea is a common ailment in individuals traveling to resource-limited destinations overseas. It is estimated to affect nearly 40 to 60 ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Travelers Diarrhea Traveler's diarrhea is a common ailment in individuals traveling to resource-limited destinations overseas. It is estimated to affect nearly 40 to 60 ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Tubal Ligation Tubal ligation is the most common method of contraception worldwide. While the indication, desire for permanent sterilization, is clear, the ethics su ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Tubal Ligation Tubal ligation is the most common method of contraception worldwide. While the indication, desire for permanent sterilization, is clear, the ethics su ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an enteric fever characterized by systemic illness along with abdominal pain and fever in a “step-ladder” pattern. The organism respo ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an enteric fever characterized by systemic illness along with abdominal pain and fever in a “step-ladder” pattern. The organism respo ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Typhoid Vaccine There are two United States-licensed vaccines available for Salmonella typhi, an oral attenuated live virus, and an injectable polysaccharide vaccine. ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Typhoid Vaccine There are two United States-licensed vaccines available for Salmonella typhi, an oral attenuated live virus, and an injectable polysaccharide vaccine. ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Understanding and Application of CDC Immunization Guidelines Immunization is the most effective and safe public health intervention in reducing the incidence, prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of various infe ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Understanding and Application of CDC Immunization Guidelines Immunization is the most effective and safe public health intervention in reducing the incidence, prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of various infe ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Universal Precautions Universal precautions were introduced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1985, mostly in response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) e ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Universal Precautions Universal precautions were introduced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1985, mostly in response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) e ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome Upper airway resistance syndrome, commonly known as UARS, is a disorder included with many others that encompass an umbrella of conditions characteriz ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome Upper airway resistance syndrome, commonly known as UARS, is a disorder included with many others that encompass an umbrella of conditions characteriz ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Vaccine (Vaccination) Immunization is a successful use of immunotherapy to treat many infectious diseases by stimulating the immune system to produce specific antibodies or ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Vaccine (Vaccination) Immunization is a successful use of immunotherapy to treat many infectious diseases by stimulating the immune system to produce specific antibodies or ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine Varicella-zoster virus (chickenpox) is an acute febrile rash illness that was very common in children in the United States before the universal vaccin ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity DO
Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine Varicella-zoster virus (chickenpox) is an acute febrile rash illness that was very common in children in the United States before the universal vaccin ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity MD/PA
Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin Varicella-zoster immune globulin (VZIG) is a medication used for postexposure prophylaxis and treatment of varicella. It is in the "Opportunistic Infe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin Varicella-zoster immune globulin (VZIG) is a medication used for postexposure prophylaxis and treatment of varicella. It is in the "Opportunistic Infe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) is a mosquito-borne disease endemic in regions of Central and South America that causes sporadic outbreaks of equ ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) is a mosquito-borne disease endemic in regions of Central and South America that causes sporadic outbreaks of equ ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Vibrio Cholerae Cholera is a well-known disease caused by intestinal infection with the toxin-producing bacteria Vibrio cholerae. This potentially fatal diarrheal dis ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Vibrio Cholerae Cholera is a well-known disease caused by intestinal infection with the toxin-producing bacteria Vibrio cholerae. This potentially fatal diarrheal dis ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection can cause variable types of illness including gastroenteritis, wound infections, and, in more severe cases, sepsis. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity DO
Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection can cause variable types of illness including gastroenteritis, wound infections, and, in more severe cases, sepsis. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA
Vinyl Chloride Toxicity Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is an IARC group 1 carcinogen known to cause hepatic angiosarcoma (HAS) in highly exposed industrial workers. VCM is a co ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Vinyl Chloride Toxicity Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is an IARC group 1 carcinogen known to cause hepatic angiosarcoma (HAS) in highly exposed industrial workers. VCM is a co ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Viral Arthritis Acute-onset polyarticular arthritis is the most common presentation of viral arthritis. The most commonly implicated viruses are parvovirus, the alpha ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Viral Arthritis Acute-onset polyarticular arthritis is the most common presentation of viral arthritis. The most commonly implicated viruses are parvovirus, the alpha ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Viral Hepatitis Viral hepatitis is a form of hepatitis that can be acute or chronic. It has various presentations and different outcomes, depending on the specific ca ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Viral Hepatitis Viral hepatitis is a form of hepatitis that can be acute or chronic. It has various presentations and different outcomes, depending on the specific ca ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Viral Pneumonia The increasing role of viral pathogens in pneumonia and the increased recognition of bacterial and viral coinfections in patients with pneumonia neces ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Viral Pneumonia The increasing role of viral pathogens in pneumonia and the increased recognition of bacterial and viral coinfections in patients with pneumonia neces ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Water Moccasin Snake Toxicity The cottonmouth or water moccasin, Agkistrodon piscivorus, is a semi-aquatic pit viper found throughout the southeastern United States and into east T ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Water Moccasin Snake Toxicity The cottonmouth or water moccasin, Agkistrodon piscivorus, is a semi-aquatic pit viper found throughout the southeastern United States and into east T ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
West Nile Virus The West Nile virus is an enveloped, single-stranded RNA arbovirus that can cause disease in humans. These range from the asymptomatic infected patien ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
West Nile Virus The West Nile virus is an enveloped, single-stranded RNA arbovirus that can cause disease in humans. These range from the asymptomatic infected patien ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Western Equine Encephalitis Western equine encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by the western equine encephalitis virus, a member of the Togaviridae family of ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Western Equine Encephalitis Western equine encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by the western equine encephalitis virus, a member of the Togaviridae family of ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Yellow Fever Yellow fever is a mosquito-borne viral illness found in tropical and subtropical areas in South America and Africa. Transmission is primarily via Aede ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Yellow Fever Yellow fever is a mosquito-borne viral illness found in tropical and subtropical areas in South America and Africa. Transmission is primarily via Aede ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Yersinia Enterocolitica In order to improve health outcomes for patients, practitioners should recognize that yersinia enterocolitica has an acute diarrheal form of infection ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Yersinia Enterocolitica In order to improve health outcomes for patients, practitioners should recognize that yersinia enterocolitica has an acute diarrheal form of infection ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Zika Virus Zika virus is a single-stranded RNA virus of the family and the genus Flavivirus. In the majority of people, infection by the Zika virus is mild and s ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Zika Virus Zika virus is a single-stranded RNA virus of the family and the genus Flavivirus. In the majority of people, infection by the Zika virus is mild and s ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA

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