Spinal Cord Injuries


4.6 out of 5 (60 Reviews)



Pharmacology Credits


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Start Date

1 Sep 2023

Last Review Date

10 Mar 2024

Expiration Date

31 Aug 2026

Estimated Time To Finish

120 Minutes

Need Help?  If you have a system or content concerns, please contact support@statpearls.com

Activity Description

Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) are complex medical conditions resulting from spinal cord damage, often caused by trauma, as in motor vehicular crashes and falls, and nontraumatic etiologies like malignancy and degeneration. Spinal cord lesions may result in severe morbidity and permanent disability. High spinal lesions are often a cause for emergency due to cardiorespiratory compromise.

The pathologic mechanisms causing SCIs are classified as either primary or secondary. Primary injury, often irreversible, arises from direct spinal cord damage. Secondary injury occurs as a consequence of the changes induced by a primary injury, such as inflammation. Nerve axon disruption produces motor and sensory function loss below the level of injury. The diagnosis depends on a combination of clinical examination and diagnostic testing, particularly imaging studies. Treatment options include conservative, operative, rehabilitative, or a combination of these modalities. Novel interventions like stem cell therapy are still under investigation.

This activity for healthcare workers is designed to enhance learners' proficiency in evaluating and managing SCIs. After participation, learners strengthen their skills in utilizing best practice guidelines, implementing emergency measures, and seeking consults within the appropriate timeframes. Participants heighten their diagnostic and management acumen, enabling them to collaborate effectively within an interprofessional team seeking to improve outcomes for individuals with SCIs.

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians, physician associates, nurses, pharmacists, and nurse practitioners.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Compare the spinal cord syndromes based on pathophysiology and clinical features.

  • Create a clinically guided diagnostic strategy for an individual with suspected spinal cord injury.

  • Apply evidence-based practices when determining a personalized management plan for a patient diagnosed with a spinal cord injury.

  • Implement interprofessional team strategies for improving care coordination to advance the management of patients with spinal cord injuries.


StatPearls, LLC requires everyone who influences the content of an educational activity to disclose relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. Ineligible companies are organizations whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients. All relevant conflict(s) of interest have been mitigated. Hover over contributor names for financial disclosures. Others involved in planning this educational activity have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Commercial Support: This activity has received NO commercial support.

Continuing Education Accreditation Information

In support of improving patient care, StatPearls, LLC is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.


Nurse Practitioners: StatPearls designates this activity for 2.00 ANCC contact hour(s), which includes 0 hour(s) of pharmacology. NPs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Please consult your professional licensing board for information on the applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity.

Method of Participation and Credit

  1. Register for the activity.    
  2. Review the target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information.
  3. Study the educational content of the enduring material.
  4. Choose the best answer to each activity test question. To receive credit and a certificate, you must pass the test questions with a minimum score of 100%.
  5. Complete the post-activity assessment survey.

If you have concerns regarding the CE/CME system, please contact support@statpearls.com.


This educational activity was planned and produced in accordance with the ACCME Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education. Faculty may discuss investigational products or off-label uses of products regulated by the FDA. Readers should verify all information before employing any therapies described in this educational activity.

The information provided for this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. The information presented does not necessarily reflect the views of StatPearls or any commercial supporters of educational activities on statpearls.com. StatPearls expressly disclaims responsibility for any adverse consequences resulting directly or indirectly from information in the course, for undetected error, or through a participant's misunderstanding of the content.

Unapproved Uses of Drugs/Devices: In accordance with FDA requirements, the audience is advised that information presented in this continuing education activity may contain references to unlabeled or unapproved uses of drugs or devices. Please refer to the FDA-approved package insert for each drug/device for full prescribing/utilization information.

Cancellation Policy: Please see the cancellation policy. StatPearls, LLC reserves the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances.




ANWAR S. on 7/10/2021

Lisa R. on 9/24/2021

The questions in the test do not reflect the educational information given.

Allana R. on 9/13/2021

Lars P. on 9/18/2021

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on 2/28/2023

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Darryl F. on 7/27/2023

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Matthew C. on 8/18/2023

Joshua K. on 8/27/2023

Emilie H. on 9/1/2023

Ali D. on 9/3/2023

Dr K. on 9/10/2023

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Santhra M. on 11/27/2023

great work from your company

DANIEL F. on 12/3/2023

Satishkiran K. on 12/22/2023

questions were very focused on traumatic repair strategies compared to the reading.

Emily S. on 12/25/2023

CHRISTINA M. on 12/25/2023

Michelle M. on 12/27/2023

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