HIV Prevention


4.7 out of 5 (27 Reviews)



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Start Date

1 Sep 2023

Last Review Date

10 Jan 2024

Expiration Date

31 Aug 2026

Estimated Time To Finish

60 Minutes

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Activity Description

Clinical prevention of HIV infection and AIDS is the cornerstone of controlling the global HIV pandemic that has now killed more than 40.4 million people globally, including 1.5 million children. Two-thirds of new HIV infections occur in Africa, primarily via heterosexual sexual contact. In the United States, gay and bisexual men and people who inject drugs are most commonly affected. 

While a cure remains out of reach, HIV infection is now seen as a chronic illness due to the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy. Universal Test and Treat, Treatment as Prevention, preexposure prophylaxis, and postexposure prophylaxis are significant advancements that make the goal of halting the global pandemic of HIV feasible. Although the incidence of HIV infections is decreasing in the United States and worldwide, specific populations face rising rates due to socioeconomic factors.

This activity reviews the risk factors for HIV transmission, methods of reducing the risk of HIV transmission, implementation considerations for specific population groups, and the role of clinical, public health, and other interdisciplinary team members in decreasing the global burden of this disease.

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians, physician associates, nurses, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, and social workers.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Apply an understanding of individual, clinical, and socioeconomic risk factors to recommend appropriate, patient-centered clinical prevention measures to people living with or at risk of HIV, according to World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control, or local guidelines. 

  • Improve capacity to test patients for HIV and rapidly link to appropriate antiretroviral therapy, such as preexposure prophylaxis, postexposure prophylaxis, and treatment as prevention to reduce the risk of HIV transmission.

  • Communicate openly and nonjudgmentally with patients, ensuring they are informed about HIV prevention options, risks, and benefits.

  • Collaborate with interdisciplinary teams, including public health professionals, researchers, and community organizations, to promote general awareness of HIV prevention and testing, improve the quality of HIV prevention services, overcome barriers related to stigma and socioeconomic factors, and support people living with or at risk of HIV.


StatPearls, LLC requires everyone who influences the content of an educational activity to disclose relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. Ineligible companies are organizations whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients. All relevant conflict(s) of interest have been mitigated. Hover over contributor names for financial disclosures. Others involved in planning this educational activity have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Commercial Support: This activity has received NO commercial support.

Continuing Education Accreditation Information

In support of improving patient care, StatPearls, LLC is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

As a Jointly Accredited Organization, StatPearls, LLC is approved to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Organizations, not individual courses, are approved under this program. State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit. StatPearls, LLC maintains responsibility for this course. Social workers completing this course receive 1.00 continuing education credits.

Social Workers: StatPearls, LLC designates this continuing education activity for 1.00 ASWB ACE credit(s) for social workers. Social Workers should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Please consult your professional licensing board for information on the applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity.

Method of Participation and Credit

  1. Register for the activity.    
  2. Review the target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information.
  3. Study the educational content of the enduring material.
  4. Choose the best answer to each activity test question. To receive credit and a certificate, you must pass the test questions with a minimum score of 100%.
  5. Complete the post-activity assessment survey.

If you have concerns regarding the CE/CME system, please contact


This educational activity was planned and produced in accordance with the ACCME Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education. Faculty may discuss investigational products or off-label uses of products regulated by the FDA. Readers should verify all information before employing any therapies described in this educational activity.

The information provided for this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. The information presented does not necessarily reflect the views of StatPearls or any commercial supporters of educational activities on StatPearls expressly disclaims responsibility for any adverse consequences resulting directly or indirectly from information in the course, for undetected error, or through a participant's misunderstanding of the content.

Unapproved Uses of Drugs/Devices: In accordance with FDA requirements, the audience is advised that information presented in this continuing education activity may contain references to unlabeled or unapproved uses of drugs or devices. Please refer to the FDA-approved package insert for each drug/device for full prescribing/utilization information.

Cancellation Policy: Please see the cancellation policy. StatPearls, LLC reserves the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances.




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