Abdominal Compartment Syndrome


4.6 out of 5 (185 Reviews)



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Start Date

1 Sep 2023

Last Review Date

20 Sep 2023

Expiration Date

31 Aug 2026

Estimated Time To Finish

60 Minutes

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Activity Description

Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a serious condition that occurs when the pressure in the abdominal cavity rises above 20 mmHg and causes end-organ damage. Persistently elevated intra-abdominal pressures (IAP) can cause long-term organ dysfunction and can be potentially fatal if not promptly recognized and treated. Many cases of elevated IAP go unrecognized because a physical exam is not sensitive in detecting this condition; therefore, it is essential to understand the risk factors and associated treatments of ACS. This review activity focuses on the pathophysiology, evaluation, diagnosis, and management of this condition, emphasizing the critical role of the interprofessional team in recognizing and treating ACS.

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians, physician associates, nurses, and nurse practitioners.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Evaluate patients with significant fluid shifts, especially those with associated clinical instability, for abdominal compartment syndrome by routinely measuring intra-abdominal pressure and utilizing established criteria from the World Society of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (WSACS) guidelines.

  • Assess and evaluate the impact of elevated intra-abdominal pressure on surrounding organ systems, recognizing the potential for multi-organ dysfunction, and incorporate this holistic perspective into abdominal compartment syndrome management decisions.

  • Select appropriate interventions, whether medical or surgical, based on the patient's clinical presentation and IAP measurements, aiming for timely and effective abdominal compartment syndrome management.

  • Communicate effectively with interdisciplinary healthcare teams to ensure coordinated care and timely interventions for patients at risk or diagnosed with abdominal compartment syndrome.


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overview was appropriate for nonsurgeons but not in depth enough for general surgeons as an audience

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enjoyable case

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