HIV Antiretroviral Therapy


4.6 out of 5 (15 Reviews)



Post Assessment Questions


Expiration Date

31 Dec 2023

Last Reviewed

25 Oct 2022

Estimated Time To Finish

60 Minutes

Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge

Start This Activity
Need Help?  If you have a system or content concerns, please contact

Activity Description

A typical initial HIV regimen includes 3 HIV medications from a minimum of 2 drug classes. Although this treatment is not curative, it can provide longer lives for patients and reduce HIV transmission. This reduction of transmission has become a popular use of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive individuals with an HIV-negative partner. The successes of antiretroviral therapy have reduced HIV to a chronic condition in many parts of the world as progression to AIDS has become rare. Studies have found that the 3-drug regimen has led to a 60% to 80% decline in rates of AIDs, hospitalization, and death. By 2030 the CDC plans to implement a 90-90-90 plan (90% HIV diagnosed, 90% on therapy, and 90% suppressed). This activity describes the indications, contraindications, and use of HIV antiretroviral therapy and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in promoting their safety.

Activity Image

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Identify the mechanism of action of FDA-approved HIV medications.
  • Describe the adverse effects of HIV ART medications.
  • Summarize the appropriate monitoring steps of ART.
  • Explain the importance of improving care coordination amongst the interprofessional team to enhance care delivery for HIV patients and improve outcomes.


Each author, editor, faculty and planning committee member have completed a disclosure form indicating that neither they nor their spouse/partner has a financial interest/arrangement or affiliation that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest related to the content of this activity.

COMMERCIAL SUPPORT: This activity has received NO commercial support.

Continuing Education Accreditation Information

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, and StatPearls, LLC. The Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University designates this activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

This activity is reported to the following Maintenance of Certification (MOC) boards:
American Board of Pathology
  • Chemical Pathology
  • Infectious Diseases/Medical Microbiology
American Board of Pediatrics
  • Pediatric Infectious Diseases
American Board of Internal Medicine
  • Infectious Disease

Cancellation Policy: Cancellations must be received in writing and a money-back guarantee is provided if not completely satisfied.

  • StatPearls and ETSU reserve the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances. StatPearls and ETSU will not be responsible for other expenses incurred by the participant in the unlikely event that the program is canceled.

Equal Opportunity

  • StatPearls and ETSU are Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action / Equal Access Institutions. 

Medium or Media Used:

  • Computer Requirements:  Internet Access
  • E-mail Address

Instructions for Credit

  1. Register for the activity and create a StatPearls login.     
  2. Review the required accreditation information:  Target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information.
  3. Complete the entire self-study activity.
  4. Complete the post-test assessments.
  5. Successfully pass the post-test with a minimum score of 100%.
  6. Complete the evaluation survey. 
  7. Obtain a certificate.

StatPearls and ETSU adhere to ACCME Standards regarding commercial support of continuing medical education. It is the policy of StatPearls and ETSU that the faculty and planning committee disclose real or apparent conflicts of interest relating to the topics of this educational activity, that relevant conflict(s) of interest are resolved, and also that authors and editors will disclose any unlabeled/unapproved use of drug(s) or device(s) during their presentation. Detailed disclosure will be made prior to starting the activity.

The information provided at this CME/CE activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition.

  • If you need help with the system or have a question about content, please contact
  • If you have a question about the ETSU CME providership, please contact


Media Usage Rights

The contributors and editors of StatPearls have attested that all associated media (images and video) have been legally cleared for use with this activity.  All copyrights are reserved.


    Amit G. on 6/30/2021

    Debbra G. on 10/7/2021

    Stephen M. on 12/28/2021

    Joseph T. on 3/30/2022

    Kristy H. on 4/6/2022

    Louie L. on 8/17/2022

    Shannon j. on 7/25/2022

    Erika P. on 8/5/2022

    Victoria S. on 8/25/2022

    Anthony I. on 9/30/2022

    Contents great. Probably increase the credit to 1.5

    Adenrele F. on 11/29/2022

    Lauren K. on 12/5/2022

    Jason H. on 12/13/2022

    Lesly P. on 1/22/2023

    Andrea D. on 1/23/2023

    Unlimited Physician CME

    Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge with 6615 CME activities. In these online self-assessment activities, read our reference articles and test your knowledge with more than 7332 hours of CME.

    Learn About Lifetime CME

    Single Activity

    Take this single activity

    $39 1 activity

    6 Month Unlimited Physician CME

    Access to all the Unlimited Physician CME activities in all specialties.

    $289 per half year per user

    1 Year Unlimited Physician CME

    Access to all the Unlimited Physician CME activities in all specialties.

    $399 per 1 year per user