NP-Dermatology CE

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All of our activities are approved by AANP (ARNP) and all activity is reported to CE Broker and all states as required. StatPearls continuing education activities are linked to practice questions which are based on the Dermatology Nurse Practitioner Certification Board (DNPCB®) content outlines. 502 authors and 14 editors have contributed to the development of the NP-Dermatology content, which is continuously refined and updated to improve your learning experience.

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NP-Dermatology Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
2-Octyl Cyanoacrylate 2-Octyl cyanoacrylate is one of the most commonly used commercially available wound adhesives. Current indications include any easily approximated sur ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Ablative Laser Resurfacing This activity outlines and describes ablative laser options and their current therapeutic uses in skin resurfacing. The differences between fractional ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Acanthosis Nigricans Acanthosis nigricans is a cutaneous manifestation of an underlying condition. It usually develops in in skin folds, such as the back of the neck, axil ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Acitretin Acitretin belongs to a group of drugs known as retinoids. Retinoids include natural and synthetic compounds that have similar activity to vitamin A. V ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Acne Conglobata Acne conglobata is a rare but severe form of acne. It usually presents with deep burrowing abscesses that interconnect with each other. Scar formation ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Acne Fulminans Acne fulminans or acne maligna is a rare skin disorder presenting as an acute, painful, ulcerating, and hemorrhagic clinical form of acne. It may or m ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Acne Keloidalis Nuchae Acne keloidalis nuchae is a disease characterized by persistent folliculitis at the nape of the neck that forms keloid like scars and ultimately cicat ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Acne Vulgaris Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of pilosebaceous unit, which runs a chronic course and it is self-limiting. Acne vulgaris is triggered by pr ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity Info
Acneiform Eruptions Acneiform eruptions are a group of disorders characterized by papules and pustules resembling acne vulgaris. Acneiform eruptions demonstrate an acute ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Acrochordon Acrochordons (fibroepithelial polyps, skin tags, papillomas) are common benign neoplasms of the skin, often associated with obesity. These small pedun ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Acrokeratoelastoidosis Acrokeratoelastoidosis is a rare, benign, and generally asymptomatic condition that usually begins in childhood and is characterized by flesh-colored ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Actinic Cheilitis Actinic cheilitis is a precancerous lesion that forms most commonly on the lower lip. Similar to actinic keratosis, actinic cheilitis can undergo mali ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Actinic Keratosis Actinic keratoses (AKs) are premalignant cutaneous lesions that may progress to squamous cell carcinoma. They are a common skin condition and develop ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Actinic Prurigo Actinic prurigo, also known as prurigo or hydroa aestivale or Hutchinson summer, is a photodermatosis that is characterized by intensely pruritic papu ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Actinic Purpura Actinic purpura, also known as solar purpura, Bateman purpura, senile purpura, or Bateman disease is a common disorder of dermal connective tissue due ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Actinomycosis Actinomyces are gram-positive filamentous non-acid fast anaerobic to microaerophilic bacteria that typically colonize the human mouth, urogenital trac ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Acute and Chronic Thermal Burn Evaluation and Management Thermal burns are a significant cause of worldwide morbidity and mortality. They can lead to debilitating, lifelong injuries and have serious psycholo ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Acute Porphyria Acute porphyrias are a group of rare disorders characterized by an enzymatic defect in the heme biosynthetic pathway. Patients present with acute, deb ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Adapalene Adapalene is a topical retinoid with FDA approval for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Clinicians use retinoids are used to treat a wide variety of ski ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Adiposis Dolorosa Adiposis dolorosa is a rare disorder of multiple painful subcutaneous growths of adipose tissue most commonly affecting the proximal extremities, trun ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
African Trypanosomiasis African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness is transmitted via the bite of the tsetse fly and is predominantly seen in subsaharan Africa. ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Ainhum Ainhum, also called dactylolysis spontanea, is a rare disease of fibrotic constricting bands that most commonly occur over digits. These rings of fibr ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Albinism Albinism is a group of heritable conditions associated with decreased or absent melanin in ectoderm-derived tissues (most notably the skin, hair, and ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Allergic Contact Dermatitis Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a type 4 or delayed-type hypersensitivity response (DTH) by an individual’s immune system to a small molecule (le ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Alopecia The term alopecia means hair loss regardless of the cause. It is not exclusive to the scalp; it can be anywhere in the body. Many therapies are availa ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Alopecia Areata Alopecia areata (AA) is a form of alopecia that impacts hair follicles, nails, and rarely, the retinal pigment epithelium. It typically presents with ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Ammonia Toxicity Ammonia toxicity occurs when susceptible individuals suffer exposure to external sources of ammonia via ingestion, inhalation, direct contact with ski ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a heterogeneous acquired or hereditary disease that results from the abnormal deposition of beta-sheet fibrillar protein aggregates in ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Anabolic Steroid Toxicity Anabolic steroids such as testosterone are produced naturally and enhance protein synthesis at the cellular level. There are also synthetic analogs av ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Anagen Effluvium Anagen effluvium is a form of nonscarring alopecia commonly associated with chemotherapy. In this disorder, affected anagen hairs suffer a toxic or in ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Ancylostoma Ancylostoma duodenale, the human hookworm, is the most common parasitic infection in countries with poor access to adequate water, sanitation, and hyg ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Androgenetic Alopecia Androgenetic alopecia is a genetically predetermined disorder due to an excessive response to androgens. This condition affects up to 50 percent of ma ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Anetoderma Anetoderma is a benign, uncommon skin disorder of elastolysis, causing discrete focal areas of flaccid skin. Anetoderma has no racial predilection. It ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Angioid Streaks Angioid streaks occur due to breaks in a degenerated and mineralized Bruch's membrane, that typically radiate outward from the optic disc. Angioid st ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Angiokeratoma Circumscriptum Angiokeratomas are a group of capillary malformations characterized by vascular ectasias of the papillary dermis associated with hyperkeratosis, papil ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Angioma Serpiginosum Angioma serpiginosum is a benign vascular condition. It is characterized by pinpoint violaceous to coppery-red punctate maculopapular eruptions that c ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Angiosarcoma Angiosarcoma is a tumor of endothelial cell-origin that comprises 1% of all soft tissue sarcomas. It is an aggressive malignancy that carries a poor p ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Angular Chelitis Angular cheilitis describes an inflammatory skin process of variable etiology occurring at the labial commissure, the angle of the mouth. It is usuall ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Anhidrosis Anhidrosis is the inability to sweat. It is important to recognize anhidrosis as it can be potentially life-threatening due to heat-related illnesses. ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Anthrax Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by an encapsulated, spore-forming, gram-variable bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. This commonly presents wi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Antiphospholipid Syndrome Antiphospholipid antibodies are autoantibodies that are directed against phospholipid-binding proteins. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS) is characteri ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Aphthous Stomatitis Aphthous stomatitis is a common ailment, idiopathic in nature, with recurrent painful aphthous ulcers (commonly termed “canker sores”) on the non-kera ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Apocrine Hidrocystoma Apocrine hidrocystoma is a rare benign cystic tumor of the apocrine sweat glands. It most commonly presents as a solitary, asymptomatic, papule or nod ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Apocrine Miliaria Fox-Fordyce disease (FFD), the eponym for apocrine miliaria, is a rare chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the apocrine glands characterized by a pr ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Apremilast Apremilast is FDA approved for treating psoriatic arthritis in adult patients with moderately to severely active disease, plaque psoriasis in adult pa ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Argyria Argyria is a dermatologic condition that is acquired by exposure to or ingestion of silver, and it presents with the insidious onset of gray or blue m ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Arsenic Toxicity Arsenic poisoning is a global health issue affecting millions of people worldwide through environmental and occupational exposure, as well as intentio ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Asteatotic Eczema This activity outlines the evaluation and treatment of asteatotic eczema and reviews the role of the healthcare team in managing patients with this co ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Asymmetric Periflexural Exanthem In Childhood Asymmetric Periflexural Exanthem (APEC) is a distinctive and a self-limited exanthem which classically affects children and less frequently adults. Th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Ataxia Telangiectasia Ataxia telangiectasia (Louis-Bar Syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by cutaneous telangiectasias, cerebellar atrophy with ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Atopic Dermatitis Atopic dermatitis (AD), which is a specific form of eczema, is the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Atopic dermatitis has a complex etio ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Atrophie Blanche Atrophie blanche (AB) is a morphologic pattern of scarring that occurs secondary to a clinicopathologic entity known as livedoid vasculopathy. This is ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Atypical Mole A dysplastic nevus is a transition between benign moles and melanoma and is characterized by junctional melanocytic skin lesions showing dysplastic or ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Autoimmune Myopathies Idiopathic inflammatory myositis (IIM) is classified into four subtypes based on clinical and histopathological features. Polymyositis (PM) and dermat ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Babesiosis Babesiosis is an infection caused by the parasitic protozoa Babesia. This parasite is carried and transferred by ticks and primarily infects erythrocy ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Balanitis Balanitis is an inflammation of the glans penis. Men with balanitis often present with penile pain and erythema. This activity explains the risk facto ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Balanoposthitis Balanoposthitis is a common disease process involving the glans penis and prepuce. It affects up to 12% to 20% of pediatric and adult males. This acti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Bartonellosis Bartonellosis is the term used to describe any infectious disease produced by the bacteria Bartonella. These include trench fever, Oroya fever, Carrio ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Basal Cell Cancer Basal cell carcinoma a common cutaneous malignancy that occurs mostly on sun-damaged skin of the head, neck, and trunk. Basal cell carcinoma can be di ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity Info
Basal Cell Carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma is the most common cutaneous malignancy, affecting close to one in five Americans. Although rarely fatal, basal cell carcinoma ca ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity Info
Bedbug Bites There are as many as 90 species of "bugs" (bed bugs are true bugs with specialized elongated mouthparts) within the family Cimicidae; however, few bit ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Behcet Disease Behcet disease, also known as an oculo-orogenital syndrome, is a chronic remitting and relapsing inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Biotin Biotin is an alternative medication used in the management and treatment of pathological hair conditions. It is in the vitamin class of drugs. This ac ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Biotin Deficiency Biotin is a B-complex vitamin that serves as an essential coenzyme for five carboxylases: pyruvate carboxylase, 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, prop ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Black Piedra Piedra is a superficial fungal infection of hair shafts, which presents with small nodules stuck-on to the shaft. Black piedra, caused by Piedraia hor ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Blastomycosis Blastomycosis is a fungal infection caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis. It presents as a pulmonary infection after the inhalation of spores, and it ma ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Blepharochalasis Syndrome Blepharochalasis syndrome is a rare disease of unknown etiology. It is characterized by an active stage of recurrent episodes of upper lid swelling, f ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Blistering Distal Dactylitis Blistering distal dactylitis (BDD) is a bacterial infection of the fingers presenting as multiple fluid-filled lesions. This condition is common in ch ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Bloom Syndrome Bloom syndrome, also called Bloom-Torre-Machacek syndrome or congenital telangiectatic erythema, is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder char ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Blue Nevus Blue nevi are melanotic dermal lesions that commonly presents as a blue nodule on the scalp, extremities, sacrococcygeal region, or buttocks. Its char ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is also known as Bean syndrome. It is a rare syndrome of venous malformations that arise in the skin and gastrointesti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Body Image Distortion Body image is a complex construct. Body image distortion and body dissatisfaction are common in both clinical and nonclinical populations. Distortions ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity Info
Body Piercing Infections Body piercings have become increasingly popular and are a socially acceptable form of body modification. Common sites of piercings are the ears, mouth ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Borrelia Burgdorferi Borrelia burgdorferi is a pathogenic spirochete responsible for Lyme disease via a tick vector. This spirochete causes a characteristic annular rash, ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Botfly Bot fly is a term referring to any member of the Oestridae family of flies. To reproduce, these flies rely on myiasis, the infestation of host skin fo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Botulinum Toxin Botulinum toxin is a medication used in the management and treatment of therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. Therapeutic uses include chronic migraine, ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Bowenoid Papulosis Bowenoid papulosis is an uncommon sexually transmitted condition that occurs in both males and females. It is characterized by multiple well-demarcate ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Brachioradial Pruritus Brachioradial pruritus (BRP) is a localized neuropathic dysesthesia of the dorsolateral upper extremities. It is commonly seen in middle-aged white fe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Brodalumab Brodalumab is a monoclonal antibody approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque ps ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Bullosis Diabeticorum Bullosis diabeticorum (BD), also known as diabetic bullae or bullous eruption of diabetes mellitus, is a specific type of skin lesion occurring in pat ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Bullous Pemphigoid Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common autoimmune subepidermal blistering disorder, representing 80% of subepidermal immunobullous cases. Bullous ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Burn Evaluation And Management Burns are injuries of the skin involving the two layers: the thin, outer epidermis and the thicker, deeper dermis. 86% of burns are caused by thermal ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Cafe Au Lait Macules Cafe-au-lait macules (CALMs) are common pigmented lesions found in the general population. They can be described as well-circumscribed, pigmented macu ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Calcinosis Cutis Calcinosis cutis occurs when calcium salts are deposited into the skin and subcutaneous tissue. It is classified into five main types: dystrophic, met ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Calciphylaxis Calciphylaxis, also known as calcific uremic arteriolopathy, is a rare but potentially devastating condition most often observed in patients with end- ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Candidiasis Candidiasis is an opportunistic infection due to Candida, which can affect the oral cavity, vagina, penis, or other parts of the body. Untreated Candi ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Capillary Infantile Hemangiomas Capillary hemangiomas (infantile hemangiomas, juvenile hemangiomas, hemangioblastomas, or strawberry nevi of infancy) are common benign orbital neopla ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Carbuncle A carbuncle is an infection of the hair follicle(s) that extends into the surrounding skin and deep underlying subcutaneous tissue. They typically pre ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Carotenemia First described in 1919 by Hess and Meyers, carotenemia is the medical terminology describing yellow-orange skin pigmentation due to high levels of ca ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity Info
Cat Scratch Disease Cat scratch disease is an illness caused by an intracellular gram-negative rod known as Bartonella henselae. It affects the lymph nodes draining the a ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Celiac Disease Celiac disease, also known as gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an autoimmune disease of the small intestine. Celiac disease is a condition in which th ... Read the Article 1.75 21 Activity Info
Cellulitis Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection, with over 14 million cases occurring in the United States annually. This activity educates the learne ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Chagas Disease Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) is a zoonotic disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This is a vector-borne illness spread by the ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Chancroid Chancroid is an exceedingly rare sexually transmitted infection, both in the United States and globally. Knowledge regarding its true prevalence is ma ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cheilitis Cheilitis is an inflammation of the lips. It may be acute or chronic, involving the vermilion and/or surrounding skin of one or both lips. It is a fre ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cheilitis Granulomatosa Cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) is a rare granulomatous disorder characterized by a recurrent firm swelling of one or both lips. This is called the cheil ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Chemotherapy Acral Erythema Acral erythema is also known as palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE), palmoplantar erythrodysesthesia, hand-foot syndrome (HFS), or Burgdorf reacti ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity Info
Cherry Hemangioma Cherry hemangiomas are the most common type of acquired vascular proliferation of the skin. They present as a dome-shaped, bright, ruby-colored papule ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Chigger Bites Chigger is the common name for species of the Trombiculid family of mites. Bites from the larva of these mites can cause local pruritus and irritation ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Child Syndrome Congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects syndrome, also known as CHILD syndrome, is a rare condition that affects dif ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Chloracne Chloracne is an uncommon acneiform dermatosis caused by exposure to halogenated aromatic compounds. It represents a hallmark cutaneous manifestation o ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Cholesterol Emboli Cholesterol embolization syndrome occurs when atheromatous plaques in large arteries release cholesterol emboli and atheromatous debris into the circu ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Chromhidrosis Chromhidrosis is a rare condition with a characteristic presentation of the secretion of colored sweat. This condition can further subdivide into apoc ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Chromoblastomycosis Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic granulomatous infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by several different dematiaceous fungi and result ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Chronic Urticaria Chronic spontaneous urticaria is defined as the occurrence of wheals and/or angioedema for a total duration of six weeks or more. Synonymous with "chr ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Cicatricial Pemphigoid Cicatricial pemphigoid is a rare, chronic autoimmune blistering disorder which can produce scarring. It can affect the skin, the mucous membranes, or ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Clavus A clavus is a well-demarcated thickened area of the epidermis that has a central core. This skin lesion is most commonly found on the foot and is ofte ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Clear Cell Acanthoma Clear cell acanthoma is an uncommonly made diagnosis. Clear cell acanthomas are benign lesions of unknown etiology with characteristic physical exam f ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Cnidaria Toxicity Cnidaria is a classification of marine life that includes jellyfish, fire coral, stinging hydroids, sea wasps, sea nettle, and anemones. Jellyfish not ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Coccidioidomycosis The dimorphic fungus coccidioides causes coccidioidomycosis, also known as San Joaquin Valley fever, which is endemic to the arid regions of the Weste ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a neuropathic pain disorder defined by the presence of distinct clinical features including allodynia, hypera ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Condyloma Acuminata Condyloma acuminata is a manifestation of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The condition is characterized by skin-colored, fleshy papules in the ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Confluent And Reticulated Papillomatosis Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP), also known as Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome, is caused by disordered keratinization. It presents with asy ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Congenital Melanocytic Nevi Congenital melanocytic nevi are benign skin lesions that usually present at birth and vary from small to large in size. Larger lesions are rarer and h ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Congenital Nevus Congenital melanocytic nevi are pigmented lesions that are usually present a birth. They are generally benign, but a small percentage (especially the ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Contact Dermatitis Contact dermatitis is an inflammatory eczematous skin disease. It is caused by chemicals or metal ions that exert toxic effects without inducing a T-c ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Contact Urticaria Contact urticaria is a transient wheal and flare response on exposure to specific agents, especially in the work environment. Contact urticaria falls ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Corns A corn, also known as a "heloma" or "focal intractable plantar hyperkeratosis," is a type of callosity. This latter is a common, uncomfortable, thicke ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cosmeceuticals The term 'cosmeceutical' has always been controversial, with the lack of a proper definition, its difference from individual cosmetic and pharmaceutic ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity Info
Cradle Cap Cradle cap, or pityriasis capitis, is a subset of infantile seborrheic dermatitis (ISD). It is a very common, mostly self-limiting, chronic non-inflam ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cryoglobulinemia Cryoglobulins are proteins that precipitate from an individual’s serum or plasma at temperatures lower than 37°C. They can be a mixture of immunoglobu ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Cryotherapy Cryosurgery was first described in the 1800s and has since evolved into a mainstay of therapy within dermatology. Cryosurgery is an effective alternat ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Cutanea Tarda Porphyria Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is a part of a spectrum of diseases that arise as a result of abnormal enzymes in the biosynthesis of heme. It is caused ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction Cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADR), also known as toxidermia, are skin manifestations resulting from systemic drug administration. These reaction ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cutaneous Angiofibroma Cutaneous angiofibroma is a term used to define a group of lesions with different clinical presentations but with the same histologic findings. Both ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cutaneous Crohn Disease Crohn disease, a well-known subtype of inflammatory bowel disease, is an inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract with numerous possible e ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cutaneous Horn A cutaneous horn is usually evident upon physical examination and can be described as a white or yellow exophytic protrusion in the shape of an animal ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cutaneous Larva Migrans Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM), also having been termed for the clinical sign of creeping eruption, is an infectious syndrome caused by multiple types ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Cutaneous Leiomyomas Piloleiomyomas are a type of cutaneous leiomyoma. Patients with one or more piloleiomyomas should be evaluated for Reed syndrome, also known as Heredi ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Cutaneous Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is an infection caused by Mycobacteria, most commonly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This infection usually involves the lungs. When it invo ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Cutis Laxa Cutis laxa (CL) is a group of rare diseases of connective tissue characterized by redundant skin with loss of elasticity and premature aging. Heritabl ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita Cutis marmorata telangiectatica (CMTC) is a rare, sporadic, congenital cutaneous vascular disorder of unknown etiology. CMTC usually presents at birth ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Cylindroma Cutaneous cylindromas represent a benign adnexal neoplasm that is quite rare, describing a dual lineage proliferation of cells within the dermis. When ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Decubitus Ulcer Decubitus ulcers are skin or soft tissue injuries that form due to prolonged pressure exerted over specific areas of the body. They should receive pro ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity Info
Delusions Of Parasitosis This activity reviews delusions of parasitosis, a rare psychiatric disorder. Communicating and evaluating patients with this condition can be complex ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Dermal Melanocytosis This activity outlines the evaluation and management of congenital dermal melanocytosis (Mongolian spot). It explains the role of the interprofessiona ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Dermatitis Artefacta Dermatitis artefacta or factitious dermatitis is a psychocutaneous disorder in which the patients consciously create lesions in skin, hair, nail, or m ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Dermatitis Herpetiformis Dermatitis herpetiformis is a chronic, autoimmune, blistering disease that causes an extremely pruritic rash that predominantly affects the extensor s ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Dermatofibroma Dermatofibromas are referred to as benign fibrous histiocytomas of the skin, superficial/cutaneous benign fibrous histiocytomas, or common fibrous his ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Dermatographism Dermatographism, also known as dermographism urticaria, or urticaria factitia, is an urticarial eruption upon pressure or trauma to the skin. The lite ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Dermatomyositis Dermatomyositis is a rare condition that causes muscle inflammation. It presents with symmetric proximal muscle weakness, skin rash, and extramacular ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity Info
Dermatoses of Pregnancy Skin changes during pregnancy may be physiological. However, some dermatoses are specific to pregnancy, while others are altered by pregnancy. These c ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Dermoscopy Overview and Extradiagnostic Applications Dermoscopy, also known as dermatoscopy, epiluminescence microscopy, or skin surface microscopy is a non-invasive, in-vivo technique that has tradition ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity Info
Diabetic Foot Ulcer Diabetic foot ulcers are among the most common complications of patients who have diabetes mellitus which is not well controlled. It is usually the re ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Diaper Dermatitis Diaper dermatitis is an inflammatory reaction of the skin of the perineal and perianal areas (diaper area). It is the most common skin disorder seen i ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Digital Mucous Cyst Digital mucous cysts are a type of ganglion commonly found on the hand. They commonly have an association with underlying DIP joint osteoarthritis. Th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus Lupus erythematosus is a multisystem disorder that predominately affects the skin. There are several types of cutaneous lupus. The most common types a ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Diseases of the Eyelashes Eyelashes are important anatomical structures that protect the eye by stopping the particulate matter from getting to the eye and also by diverting wa ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity Info
Drug Induced Pemphigus Pemphigus is a broad term used to describe a rare group of bullous autoimmune diseases that affect the skin and mucosal membranes. The hallmark presen ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Drug Induced Pigmentation Drug-induced pigmentation represents a complex issue for patients who are prescribed certain medications. These medications may include NSAIDs, tetrac ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus Drug-induced lupus erythematosus (DIL) is an autoimmune phenomenon where the patient develops symptoms similar to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Dysplastic Nevi A dysplastic nevus is also referred to as an atypical or Clarks nevus and has been the topic of much debate in the fields of dermatology and dermatopa ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Eccrine Carcinoma Eccrine carcinoma (EC) is a rare carcinoma that originates from the eccrine sweat glands of the skin and accounts for less than 0.01% of diagnosed cut ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Ecthyma Gangrenosum Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is a cutaneous infection that most commonly occurs in immunocompromised individuals with fulminant bacteremia. EG was first d ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Eczema Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common chronic skin condition that can lead to recurrent infections and poor quality of life if left unt ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Eczema Herpeticum Eczema herpeticum (EH) is a disseminated cutaneous infection with herpes simplex virus that develops in a patient with atopic dermatitis. EH typically ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Egg Allergy Egg allergy is IgE-mediated and healthy individuals are capable of generating antigen-specific IgE upon exposure to egg allergens. It is believed tha ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a genetic disorder affecting collagen formation and function. It affects virtually every organ system, which can resul ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Electrosurgery Electrosurgery is a technique often used in surgery to control bleeding and to rapidly dissect soft tissue in surgery. The electrical resistance of th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Entropion Entropion is an inversion or inward turning of the eyelid margin. This can result in trichiasis, where the eyelashes are directed posteriorly toward t ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Epidermal Inclusion Cyst Epidermal inclusion cysts are the most common cutaneous cysts and can occur anywhere on the body. These cysts typically present as fluctuant nodules u ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Epidermoid Cyst Epidermoid cysts, also known as a sebaceous cysts, are encapsulated subepidermal nodules filled with keratin. Although most commonly located on the fa ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Erysipelas Erysipelas is a skin infection involving the dermis layer of the skin, but it may also extend to the superficial cutaneous lymphatics. It is character ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Erythema Ab Igne Erythema ab igne is a rash characterized by a reticulated pattern of erythema and hyperpigmentation. It is caused by repeated exposure to direct heat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Erythema Annulare Centrifugum Erythema annulare centrifugum (EAC) is an annular, erythematous lesion that appears as an urticaria-like papule and enlarges centrifugally, then clear ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Erythema Elevatum Diutinum Erythema elevatum diutinum is a rare, chronic dermatosis characterized by red–violet to red–brown papules, plaques, and nodules that favor extensor su ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Erythema Infectiosum Erythema infectiosum, also known as fifth disease, is a common viral exanthem caused by parvovirus B19. It is commonly seen in children between five a ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity Info
Erythema Marginatum Erythema marginatum is reactive inflammatory erythema seen most commonly in association with acute rheumatic fever. Although a rare cutaneous manifest ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Erythema Multiforme Erythema multiforme (EM) is a cutaneous and mucosal hypersensitivity reaction with characteristic lesions in target triggered by certain antigenic sti ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Erythema Nodosum Erythema nodosum (EN) is a common acute nodular septal panniculitis, characterized by the sudden onset of erythematous, firm, solid, deep nodules or p ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Erythema Toxicum Erythema toxicum neonatorum is a condition that has been described (rash) as early as the 15th century by a pediatrician named B. Metlinger. It has be ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Erythrasma Erythrasma is a common skin disorder caused by bacteria. It was first described in 1859 by Burchardt. He thought the etiology was fungal. In 1862, Bur ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Excisional Biopsy In dermatology, skin biopsies are essential to assist in making a correct diagnosis and for therapeutic planning. Several types of skin biopsy techniq ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Exfoliative Dermatitis Erythroderma is a clinical finding characterized by diffuse erythema and scaling of 90% of the body surface area. It results from a myriad of underlyi ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Extraintestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease involve multiple organ systems. They are common and may result in significant morbidity. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Extramammary Paget Disease Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare dermatologic condition that frequently presents in areas where apocrine sweat glands are abundant. Most co ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Eyelid Papilloma The term papilloma refers to a group of various benign epithelial proliferations that can affect the eyelid skin. These lesions are not necessarily as ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Facial Burns Burn injuries are a significant health issue and are a leading cause of accidental death or injury in the U.S. Burns to the face can affect many speci ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity Info
Favus Favus is a chronic inflammatory dermatophytosis, characterized by scutula formation. It used to be highly prevalent worldwide. Currently, the infectio ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Felon A felon is an infection that occurs within the closed-space compartments of the fingertip pulp. The swelling leads to intense throbbing pain. The sur ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Filariasis Lymphatic filariasis is a neglected tropical disease that causes significant morbidity in the developing world. This activity reviews the evaluation, ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
First Degree Burn First-degree burns are superficial burns involving the epidermal layer of skin. The skin is the largest organ of the human body, with its weight compr ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity Info
Flea Bites Flea bites are common in North America, especially in outdoor or unkempt conditions. Improving the interprofessional team's skills to educate patients ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Folliculitis Folliculitis is a common skin condition that usually involves infection of the hair follicle. While this condition is typically benign, prompt recogni ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Foot Ulcer Foot ulceration is among the most common health issues, and its prevalence has increased recently. It is one of the major causes of amputations, parti ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Full Thickness Skin Grafts Skin grafts consist of fully detached pieces of skin taken from one anatomic site and placed in a wound elsewhere. Full-thickness skin grafts include ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Fusiform Incision Fusiform incision is commonly used to remove lesions that are roughly round or oval. Fusiform incisions involve the surgical removal of tissue in a ma ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Gadolinium Magnetic Resonance Imaging Contrast agents are pharmaceuticals that increase the information content of diagnostic images. They serve to improve the sensitivity and specificity ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity Info
Gardner Syndrome Gardner syndrome is a phenotypic variant of familial adenomatous polyposis. It is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous adenomatous ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Generalized pustular psoriasis is a rare and extreme form of psoriasis characterized by the presence of sterile pustules. The incidence peaks between ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Genital Warts Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum) are a sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. These are spread by ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Geographic Tongue Geographic tongue is a benign chronic relapsing recurring inflammatory condition of the oral cavity of unknown etiology. This activity reviews the eva ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Granular Cell Tumor Granular cell tumors are rare neoplasms derived from Schwann cells with characteristic pathologic findings. They can exhibit either benign or malignan ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity Info
Granular Parakeratosis Granular parakeratosis is a benign condition that is best categorized as a reaction pattern rather than a distinct cutaneous disease. It presents typi ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Granuloma Annulare Granuloma annulare is a cutaneous granulomatous disease that is not caused by an infection. It is the most common non-infectious granulomatous disease ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Granuloma Faciale Granuloma faciale (GF) is a rare, benign, inflammatory skin disease, usually presenting as isolated, well-defined reddish-brown to violaceous asymptom ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Granuloma Inguinale Donovanosis, also known as granuloma inguinale, is a bacterial infection of the genital region caused by Klebsiella granulomatis. It is chronic and pr ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Guttate Psoriasis Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory disorder that presents as well-defined, scaly, erythematous plaques, and occasionally, sterile pustules. Guttate ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Hair Transplantation Hair transplantation aims to restore a more youthful appearance for those distressed by hair loss, particularly androgenetic alopecia. This activity ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Hairy Leukoplakia Hairy leukoplakia (HL) was first described in 1984 and is a disease of the mucosa. It is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hand Foot And Mouth Disease Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness usually affecting infants and children but can affect adults. The infection usually inv ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Hand Infection Hand infections comprise a broad spectrum of pathology, dependent upon which superficial or deep structures are involved. Given the anatomical complex ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Hemangioma Hemangiomas, colloquially termed "strawberry marks", are the most common benign tumor of infancy and are caused by endothelial cell proliferation. Con ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Hemochromatosis Hemochromatosis is a disorder that causes excess iron deposition and, in turn, multiple organ dysfunction. Organs affected by hemochromatosis include ... Read the Article 2 25 Activity Info
Hepatic Hemangioma Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that may involve either the skin or viscera. Infantile hemangioma (IH) grows rapidly after birth then involutes ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem affecting 185 million people worldwide. The percentage of people who are seropositive for ant ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity Info
Herald Patch A herald patch is an erythematous, 2 to 10 centimeter, round to oval scaly patch or plaque with a depressed center and raised border that frequently p ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hereditary And Acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris Hereditary and acquired ichthyosis vulgaris are cutaneous disorders of keratinization that manifest clinically by a widespread scaling of the skin. Ic ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Hereditary Angioedema Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by either a lack of C1-inhibitor protein or dysfunctional C1-inhibitor protein. HA ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Herpes Simplex Type 2 This activity reviews the evaluation and management of herpes simplex type 2 and highlights the role of the primary care provider in managing patients ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Herpes Virus Type 8 The Human Herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), also called Kaposi sarcoma Herpesvirus (KSHV), belongs to the family of DNA viruses Herpeseviridae. It causes Kaposi ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Herpes Zoster Herpes zoster, also known as shingles, is a viral syndrome caused by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus. After an episode of varicella (chicke ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Herpes zoster ophthalmicus occurs due to the reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus. It is a variation of herpes zoster that can cause a va ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Herpetic Whitlow Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is common and is most often transmitted in childhood through direct physical contact. The most common infectious sites are ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Hidradenitis Suppurativa Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), also called acne inversus, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition with lesions including deep-seated nodules and absc ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity Info
High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) encompasses the entities previously termed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)2, CIN3, moderate ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hirsutism Hirsutism is the growth of excessive male-pattern hair in women after puberty. It affects facial and body areas dependent on androgens, namely mustach ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity Info
HIV-associated Lipodystrophy HIV-associated lipodystrophy is a syndrome characterized by body habitus changes associated with the development of insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Human Papillomavirus The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a non-enveloped, double-stranded, circular DNA virus that is responsible for causing multiple epithelial lesions and ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Hyaluronic Acid Hyaluronic acid is a high-molecular-weight polysaccharide, which is widely distributed in the connective tissue extracellular matrix. Several hyaluron ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Hyaluronidase Hyaluronidase is an enzyme useful in facilitating the management of injectable medications. This activity reviews the indications, action, adverse eff ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hydrofluoric Acid Burns Hydrofluoric (HF) acid is an extremely powerful inorganic acid and a vigorous dehydrating agent that is used in many industrial branches. Domestic con ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Hydroquinone Hydroquinone cream is the standard depigmentation or skin lightening agent. Clinically it is used to treat areas of dyschromia, such as in melasma, ch ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hymenoptera Stings The Hymenoptera order includes over 150,000 different species of flying and non-flying insects. Some species within this order have modified oviposito ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Hyperbaric Management Of Frostbite Although evidence for treating frostbite with hyperbaric oxygen is sparse and limited to case reports and animal studies, the proposed mechanism of ac ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Hyperbaric Patient Selection In hyperbaric medicine, healthcare professionals must recognize that approved indications are not common knowledge amongst those that do not practice ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hyperbaric Treatment Of Clostridial Myositis And Myonecrosis Clostridial myonecrosis, also called gas gangrene, can rapidly cause death if not immediately detected and treated. It is caused by the anaerobic spor ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Hyperbaric Treatment Of Diabetic Foot Ulcer Complications associated with diabetes are the leading cause of nontraumatic lower-extremity amputations. Diabetic foot ulcers occur in approximately ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Hyperbaric Treatment Of Thermal Burns Thermal burns are common in the United States, and approximately 2 million people are injured every year, with about 155 per million patients needing ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Hyperhidrosis Hyperhidrosis is a disorder of excessive sweating due to over-stimulation of cholinergic receptors on eccrine glands. This pathologic disorder is char ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hyperkeratosis Hyperkeratosis refers to the increased thickness of the stratum corneum, the outer layer of the skin. It is most frequently due to chronic physical or ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hyperkeratosis Of The Nipple And Areola Hyperkeratosis of the nipple and areola is an uncommon, benign skin condition characterized by a warty thickening and pigmentation of the nipple, areo ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Hypertrichosis Hypertrichosis is defined as excessive hair growth anywhere on the body in either males or females. It is important to distinguish hypertrichosis from ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Hypertrophic Scarring Hypertrophic scarring represents an undesirable variant in the wound healing process. In hypertrophic scars, excess connective tissue is deposited in ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Hypertrophic Scarring Keloids Hypertrophic scars are contained within the site of injury and may regress over time while keloids spread beyond the borders of the initial injury and ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Hypopigmented Macules Hypopigmented macules are one of the most common skin lesions encountered in clinical practice. As the name suggests, these lesions are associated wit ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH) is a benign, typically asymptomatic, leukodermic dermatosis of unclear etiology that is classically seen in eld ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
IgA Pemphigus IgA pemphigus is a rare autoimmune blistering disease characterized by painful and pruritic vesiculopustular eruptions. These eruptions form as a resu ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Imiquimod Imiquimod is a medication used to manage and treat anogenital warts, superficial basal cell carcinomas, and actinic keratoses. It is in the immune mod ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Impetigo Impetigo is a common infection of the superficial layers of the epidermis that is highly contagious and most commonly caused by gram-positive bacteria ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Incision and Drainage Incision and drainage (I and D) is a widely used procedure in various care settings including emergency departments and outpatient clinics. It is the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Infantile Acne Acne vulgaris, a common dermatologic condition, is defined by the presence of comedones. Essentially benign in nature, acne vulgaris can, however, res ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Inflammatory Breast Cancer Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare subtype of locally advanced breast cancer according to the TNM breast cancer staging system. Despite its lo ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Infliximab-abda Infliximab (IFX) is a biologic agent that specifically targets an immune mediator, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa), involved in a pathological proc ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Ingrown Toenails An ingrown toenail is a common nail problem occurring when the nail plate grows into the periungual skin and causes inflammation and infection. It cau ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Insect Bites The term "bug bite" is commonly used to denote both bites and stings inflicted by members of the phylum Arthropoda. Arthropods make up the largest di ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity Info
Intertrigo Intertrigo is a superficial inflammatory skin condition of the skin's flexural surfaces, prompted or irritated by warm temperatures, friction, moistur ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Intraepidermal Carcinoma “Intraepidermal” means that the cancerous cells are located in the epidermis from where they originally developed (in situ). Squamous cell carcinoma i ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Ionizing Radiation Ionizing radiation has been proven to be a risk factor for malignancy in the future. Evidence from studies conducted following the Chernobyl accident, ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity Info
Ipilimumab Ipilimumab is a medication used in the management and treatment of metastatic melanoma. It is in the CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody class of medications. ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Isotretinoin Isotretinoin is an oral prescription medication that affects sebaceous glands and is used to treat severe acne. The drug was approved by the US Food a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
ITP-Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune pathology characterized by a low platelet count, purpura, and hemorrhagic episodes caused by an ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Ixekizumab Ixekizumab is FDA-indicated for the adult treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. These adult patients are also candidates for systemic ther ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Job Syndrome Job Syndrome (Hyper-IgE syndrome) is a rare, primary immunodeficiency distinguished by the clinical triad of atopic dermatitis, recurrent skin staphyl ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Kaposi Sarcoma Kaposi sarcoma is an interesting soft tissue tumor occurring in several distinct populations with a variety of presentations and courses. In its most ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Kaposi Varicelliform Eruption Kaposi varicelliform eruption, also called eczema herpeticum, refers to a disseminated skin infection due to a virus that usually leads to localized v ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Keloid Keloids result from abnormal wound healing in response to skin trauma or inflammation. Keloid development rests on genetic and environmental factors. ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Keratoacanthoma Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a low-grade, rapidly growing, 1 to 2 cm dome-shaped skin tumor with a centralized keratinous plug. Over the past hundred years ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Keratosis Follicularis Darier disease, also known as keratosis follicularis, is a genodermatosis that is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. The disease classically ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Keratosis Pilaris Keratosis pilaris is a chronic condition most common in the adolescent population. The condition characteristically presents with papules with follicu ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Laser Carbon Dioxide Resurfacing Carbon dioxide lasers are an effective treatment modality for photo-aging, mild scarring, and for the treatment of solitary cutaneous lesions. This ac ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Laser Complications Lasers represent a relatively new group of devices used within the field of cutaneous surgery. The field of laser surgery continues to advance with th ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Laser Erbium-Yag Resurfacing Erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser skin resurfacing is an effective technique for minimally invasive and effective management of a number o ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Laser Hair Removal The demand for safe, long-lasting, and effective hair reduction for aesthetic as well as medical indications is on the rise. A variety of options for ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Laser Revision Of Scars Scars are the result of the cutaneous wound healing process that leads to fibrosis and altered skin morphology. All wounds heal with some degree of sc ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Laser Tattoo Removal Lasers for tattoo removal were first used in the late 1960s, but they did not emerge as a primary treatment until the 1980s when the concept of select ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Laser Treatment Of Pigmented Lesions Lasers are often used in the treatment of pigmented lesions of the mucosa and skin. Their minimally invasive nature, combined with their efficacy, has ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Latex Allergy Latex comes from a sap found in rubber trees, Hevea brasiliensis, which is used to make many products used today. It is allergenic and causes symptoms ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease transmitted by sandflies that is most commonly seen in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America. As travel pattern ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Lentigo Maligna Melanoma Lentigo maligna (LM) is a slow-growing subtype of melanoma that often occurs on chronically sun-damaged skin, particularly the head and neck, in the e ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Leprosy Leprosy is also referred to as Hansen disease. It is a chronic granulomatous infection generally caused by Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepr ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity Info
Leser Trelat Sign The sign of Leser-Trelat is considered to be a fairly rare paraneoplastic cutaneous marker of internal malignancy with the hallmark finding being an a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Lichen Planus Lichen planus (LP) is an inflammatory disorder of the skin and mucous membranes with no known cause. It appears as pruritic, violaceous papules and pl ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Lichen Planus Erosive Form Erosive lichen planus (ELP) is a variant of lichen planus which involves chronic and painful ulceration of the skin and mucosal surfaces. ELP is thoug ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Lichen Sclerosus Lichen sclerosus is an uncommon autoimmune condition characterized by skin atrophy and hypopigmentation. It mostly affects the genital skin and occurs ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Lichen Simplex Chronicus Lichen simplex chronicus is defined as a common form of chronic neurodermatitis that presents as dry, patchy areas of skin that are scaly and thick. T ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Lichen Striatus Lichen striatus is an uncommon condition typically seen in children that presents as elevated pink papules that coalesce to form one or more linear, p ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Lipodystrophies Lipodystrophies are conditions that share the common finding of a reduction in subcutaneous fat. There are multiple subtypes of lipodystrophy, which m ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Lipoid Proteinosis Lipoid proteinosis is an autosomal recessive condition characterized by hyaline-like deposits in the skin, mucous membranes, and other parts of the bo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Lipoma Lipomas are common, benign subcutaneous tumors of fat cells (adipocytes) that present as soft, painless nodules that are most commonly seen on the tru ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Lipoprotein X Induced Hyperlipidemia Hyperlipidemia is one of the factors contributing to metabolic syndrome. It could lead to an increased risk of atherosclerosis in patients if not prop ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Liposuction Liposuction represents a well-described and popular surgical procedure used to reduce localized amounts of adipose tissue in certain regions of the bo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Livedoid Vasculopathy Livedoid vasculopathy is a rare vasculopathy that is typically characterized by bilateral lower limb lesions. Increased thrombotic activity and decrea ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Liver Disease In Pregnancy Managing liver disease during pregnancy is quite challenging and requires a multispecialty approach. Physiological and anatomical changes during pregn ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Local Anesthetic Toxicity Local anesthetics are commonly used in most medical and dental practices. While adverse effects are rare, the rising prevalence of local anesthetics i ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Loose Anagen Syndrome Loose anagen syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant or sporadic fashion. Clinically it manifests as diffuse non-scarring alopecia in children. ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Lupus Pernio Lupus pernio is a rare cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis. Lupus pernio is a predictive factor for systemic sarcoidosis with thoracic and extra-th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Lyme Disease Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, which is spread by ticks. Lyme disease is divided into three stages: early local ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity Info
Lymphangioma Lymphangiomas are uncommon, benign malformations of the lymphatic system that can occur anywhere on the skin and mucous membranes. Lymphangiomas can b ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Lymphedema Lymphedema is a chronic disease marked by the increased collection of lymphatic fluid in the body, causing swelling, which can lead to skin and tissue ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Lymphogranuloma Venereum Lymphogranuloma venereum is an ulcerative sexually transmitted infection of the genital area caused by Chlamydia trachomatis that is transmittable by ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Lymphoproliferative Disorders Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) comprise a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled production of lymphocytes that cause mono ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Malakoplakia Malakoplakia is a rare inflammatory condition that typically occurs in immunocompromised individuals and is thought to be secondary to a bactericidal ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Malar Rash Malar rash, also named a butterfly rash, is a common facial presentation of multiple disorders. It is characterized by an erythematous flat or raised ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Malassezia Furfur Malassezia furfur is a commensal yeast of human skin that has correlates with several common skin conditions. Emerging evidence continually improves t ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Malignant Melanoma A melanoma is a tumor produced by the malignant transformation of melanocytes. Melanocytes are derived from the neural crest; consequently, melanomas, ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity Info
Mammary Paget Disease Paget's disease of the breast is an uncommon manifestation of underlying breast cancer in postmenopausal female patients. Underlying breast lesion is ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity Info
Marjolin Ulcer A Marjolin ulcer is a cutaneous malignancy that arises in the setting of previously injured skin, longstanding scars, and chronic wounds. Historically ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Mastocytoma A mastocytoma is a tumor of mast cells, which are derived from myeloid stem cells and located in connective tissues, predominantly in the skin and muc ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Measles Measles, also known as rubeola, is a preventable, highly contagious, acute febrile viral illness. It remains an important cause of global mortality an ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Melanocytic Nevi To improve patient outcomes, a thorough examination of the skin is vital. This exam should include often overlooked surfaces, including plantar surfac ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Melanoma Of The Head And Neck Melanoma is a malignant tumor produced from malignant transformation of melanocytes. This can be sporadic or arise from a preexisting premalignant les ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Melasma Melasma is a common skin problem caused by brown to gray-brown patches on the face. Most people get it on their cheeks, chin, nose bridge, forehead, a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Merkel Cell Carcinoma Of The Skin Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the skin with increasing incidence. It most frequently presents on the head ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Metabolic Consequences Of Weight Reduction Obesity and overweight are considered significant health problems and have become a global challenge due to their high prevalence in almost all countr ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Metastatic Melanoma Melanoma is the third most common cutaneous malignancy after basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Melanoma is the fifth most common malig ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Microdermabrasion Microdermabrasion (MDA) is a minimally invasive epidermal resurfacing procedure used to treat uneven skin tone/texture, photoaging, striae, melasma, a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Microneedling Microneedling a relatively new procedural therapy used in clinical and aesthetic dermatology. This activity summarizes the role of microneedling in de ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Milia Milia are benign and transient dermal cysts of keratine. These white appearing bumps are common, present in many different ways, and can develop in an ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Miliaria Miliaria, also known as eccrine miliaria, heat rash, prickly heat, or sweat rash, is a frequently seen skin condition triggered by blocked eccrine swe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Millipede Envenomation Millipedes are arthropods from the class Diplopoda that consists of more than 12,000 species. Millipedes are unable to inject venom instead employ def ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Minocycline Minocycline is a medication used in the management and treatment of both infectious and non-infectious conditions. It is in the tetracycline class of ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Minoxidil Minoxidil (also called 2,4-pyrimidinediamine, 6-(1-piperidinyl)-, 3-oxide) was first designed as a potent peripheral vasodilator agent for the treatme ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Mohs Micrographic Surgery Mohs micrographic surgery is a tissue-sparing, precise method of skin cancer removal named in honor of the surgeon who developed the technique, Freder ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Moisturizers Moisturizers are topically applied products designed to increase the water content of the skin. Ingredients used in these products have a range of ac ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum, also called water warts, is a benign condition of the skin. The skin lesions of molluscum contagiosum are called mollusca. The ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity Info
Monilethrix Described initially in 1897 by Walter Smith, monilethrix is a rare structural hair shaft disorder characterized by hair fragility and resulting in pat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Morphea Morphea, also called localized scleroderma, is a rare inflammatory skin condition that can also affect the subcutaneous tissues. Morphea encompasses m ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Mosquito Bites Mosquitoes are responsible for the majority of insect bites worldwide. They are present in all continents aside from Antarctica. Although mosquito bit ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
M-plasty An M-plasty is an excisional technique used to remove standing cutaneous deformities, also known as dog ears, from the end of a linear repair. Dog ear ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Mucormycosis Mucormycosis results from a variety of fungi that may be typically innocuous environmental fungi and primarily affects immunocompromised patients. Fo ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Muehrcke Lines Of The Fingernails Muehrcke lines are multiple transverse white linear bands parallel to the lunula of the fingernail. They represent an apparent leukonychia as they res ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Mycoplasma Mucositis Mucocutaneous eruptions are rashes that have both mucous membrane and cutaneous distribution. Differences between the history and physical exam patter ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Mycoplasma Pneumonia Mycoplasma pneumonia is a bacteria that can infect humans. It usually causes upper respiratory tract infections but can also cause pneumonia, and it i ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Mycosis Fungoides The early identification, diagnosis and management of Mycosis fungoides is imperative in a dermatology out patient setting. This activity reviews the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Hematopoietic pluripotent stem cells have self-renewal capability and give rise to either myeloid or the lymphoid lineage which further differentiates ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Nail Patella Syndrome Nail patella syndrome (NPS) is a rare multisystemic disease with a classic clinical tetrad of fingernail dysplasia, hypoplasia or absence of the patel ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Necrobiosis Lipoidica Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a rare, chronic, idiopathic, granulomatous disease of collagen degeneration with the risk of ulceration, classically ass ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Neurocutaneous Syndromes As the name implies, neurocutaneous syndromes are disorders involving the nervous system and the skin. Two of the most common neurocutaneous syndrome ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Neurofibroma Neurofibromas are the most common peripheral nerve sheath tumor and are often found either by patients or during routine skin exams. These lesions app ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Neurofibromatosis Neurofibromatosis is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by tumors in the nervous system and skin. The most common types of neurofibromatosis are ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Neuropathic Ulcer Neuropathic ulcers occur when a patient with poor neurological function of the peripheral nervous system has pressure points that cause ulceration thr ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Nevus Anemicus Nevus anemicus is an uncommon, congenital vascular malformation resulting in hypopigmented cutaneous macules and/or patches that characteristically do ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Nevus Comedonicus Proper diagnosis and management of nevus comedonicus can lead to better patient outcomes and quality of life. This activity reviews the evaluation, ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Nevus Flammeus Nevus flammeus or port-wine stain is a capillary malformation usually presenting as a unilateral pink or red patch anywhere on the body of a newborn. ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity Info
Nevus Sebaceus Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn also referred to as organoid nevus, is a congenital malformation involving hamartomas of the pilosebaceous follicular unit ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Niacin Deficiency Niacin (vitamin B3) deficiency results in a condition known as pellagra. Pellagra includes the triad of dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea and can res ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Nickel Allergy Nickel allergy is a type of contact dermatitis caused by direct contact with nickel. It is the most common identifiable cause of metal-related contact ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Nicotinic Acid Deficiency Dietary deficiency of niacin results in pellagra. It is characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and eventually death if not treated by giving ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Nocardia The genus Nocardia is an aerobic actinomycete, catalase-positive, gram-positive bacillus, with a branching filamentous form that can cause pulmonary i ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Notalgia Paresthetica Notalgia paresthetica is a chronic neuropathic dysesthesia typically seen in older females. It presents unilaterally and is characterized by pruritus ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Nummular Dermatitis Nummular dermatitis is a pruritic inflammatory dermatosis seen most commonly in middle-aged adults. Many potential triggers have been identified, yet ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Ochronosis Ochronosis is named for the reddish-brown hue of tissue termed "ochre-like" that was first described by a young physician named Archibald Garrod in th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Omalizumab Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized IgG1 monoclonal anti-IgE antibody used in the treatment of allergic asthma and chronic urticaria. This activity ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Onchocerciasis Onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness, is the second commonest cause of infectious blindness in the world and is transmitted through the repea ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity Info
Onychomycosis Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail unit. When onychomycosis is caused by dermatophytes, it is called tinea unguium. The term onychomycosi ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Oral Candidiasis This activity illustrates the evaluation and treatment of oral candidiasis. It highlights the role of the interprofessional team in evaluating and tre ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity Info
Oral Leukoplakia Oral leukoplakia is a white patch or plaque that develops in the oral cavity. The condition is potentially malignant and is strongly associated with t ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Oral Melanoma Melanocytes arise from neural crest cells and are usually found in the skin. However, melanocytes are also found in mucosal membranes. Melanocytes in ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Oral Mucosa Cancer Oral mucosal cancer is cancer that arises from the lining (mucosa) of the oral cavity. The main risk factors are smoking and alcohol consumption. The ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Oral Mucositis Oral mucositis is a debilitating condition, and it presents as erythema, edema, and ulceration of the oral mucosa with subsequent pain and restriction ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Orbital Cellulitis Orbital cellulitis is defined as a serious infection that involves the muscle and fat located within the orbit. It is also sometimes referred to as po ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Osteoma Cutis Osteoma cutis or cutaneous ossification is a rare and benign dermatological disease characterized by bone formation in the dermis or subcutaneous tiss ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Paget Disease Paget disease is a skeletal growth disorder in which abnormalities such as unusual bone growth can occur in several multifactoral ways. This is often ... Read the Article 1.75 24 Activity Info
Palmoplantar Psoriasis Palmoplantar psoriasis is a chronic variant of psoriasis that characteristically affects the skin of the palms and soles and produces significant func ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Papular Acrodermatitis Papular acrodermatitis of childhood (Gianotti-Crosti syndrome) is a benign rash that occurs in childhood associated with multiple viral illnesses and ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Paraneoplastic Pemphigus Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a rare autoimmune disease that is almost always associated with confirmed or occult malignancy. Patients typically p ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Paraneoplastic Syndromes Paraneoplastic syndromes are rare disorders with complex systemic clinical manifestations due to underlying malignancy. In paraneoplastic syndromes, t ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity Info
Paronychia Paronychia is an infection of the proximal and lateral toenail and fingernail folds which may occur spontaneously or following trauma or manipulation. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Paronychia Drainage Acute paronychia is one of the most common infections of the hand. It is usually caused by a breakdown of the seal between the nail plate and the nail ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Peanut Allergy Most primary care clinicians will encounter patients with a food allergy. Food items that account for 90% of hypersensitivity reactions include cow's ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pearly Penile Papule Pearly penile papules, also known as papillomatosis corona penis, corona capillitii, hirsuties coronae glandis, papillae coronis glandis, and hirsutoi ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pediculosis Pediculosis (louse infestation) affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year and have been reported in all countries and within all soci ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Pediculosis Corporis Pediculosis corporis is a skin condition caused by body lice (Pediculus humanus corporis) that feed on human blood. These lice lay their eggs in the s ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Pemphigoid Gestationis Pemphigoid gestationis, formerly known as herpes gestationis, is a rare autoimmune sub-epidermal bullous dermatosis of pregnancy that shares some clin ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pemphigus Foliaceus Pemphigus is a potentially life-threatening, autoimmune blistering disease characterized by the presence of circulating antibodies against desmogleins ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pemphigus Herpetiformis Pemphigus herpetiformis is a rare subtype of intraepidermal autoimmune bullous diseases that shares clinical characteristics with dermatitis herpetifo ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Pemphigus Vegetans Pemphigus is a group of vesiculobullous autoimmune diseases. The most common type of pemphigus is pemphigus vulgaris, characterized by mucocutaneous b ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pemphigus Vulgaris Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare disease that causes blisters. It is the most common type of pemphigus. The mean age of onset is 50 to 60 years of age, an ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Penile Cancer Penile cancer is an uncommon malignancy, but when diagnosed is psychologically devastating to the patient and can pose a difficult challenge to the tr ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Perianal Streptococcal Dermatitis Perianal streptococcal dermatitis is a cellulitis of the perineum. The most common causative organism is group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Therefor ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Perioral Dermatitis Perioral dermatitis is a benign eruption that occurs most commonly in young, female adults, consisting of small inflammatory papules and pustules or p ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a relatively rare, heterogeneous neoplasm involving T lymphocytes categorized under non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). A ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Permethrin Permethrin is a medication used in the management and treatment of scabies and pediculosis. It is in the synthetic pyrethroid class of drugs. This act ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Pernio Pernio also referred to as chilblains, is a rare inflammatory condition. The term "chilblains" derives from two Old English words "chill" (cold) and ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Petechiae Petechiae are pinpoint non-blanching spots that measure less than 2 mm in size and affect the skin and mucous membranes. Petechial rashes are common a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a hereditary syndrome characterized by gastrointestinal (GI) polyposis, mucocutaneous pigmented macules, and predispos ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
PHACE Syndrome Infantile hemangioma is the most prevalent benign tumor of infancy, with an estimated incidence between 4 and 5 percent. Large facial segmental hemang ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Phenol Toxicity Phenol is a historical disinfectant with continued use in industry, laboratories, and some health care settings. Phenol is a protoplasmic poison that ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors Phosphodiesterase inhibitors are class medications used in the management and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD), erectile dysfu ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Photodynamic Therapy Photodynamic therapy is an FDA approved indication for actinic keratoses and has the advantage of providing better cosmetic outcomes with less pain an ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Photosensitivity Photosensitivity refers to various symptoms, diseases, and photodermatoses caused or exacerbated by exposure to sunlight. Photosensitive conditions ar ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Phototherapy Phototherapy is an effective treatment modality for several diseases. It can be used to treat neonatal jaundice and mostly used to treat various commo ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Phthiriasis Palpebrarum Phthiriasis palpebrarum also called phthiriasis ciliaris, or ciliary phthiriasis is an ectoparasitosis of the eyelashes due to an infestation with Pht ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Piebaldism Piebaldism is an autosomal dominant disorder of melanocyte migration and development characterized by isolated congenital leukoderma (white skin) and ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Piezogenic Pedal Papule Piezogenic pedal papules are small papular herniations of subcutaneous tissue on the heel that occur only upon standing or with application of pressur ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pigmented Purpuric Dermatitis Pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD) is the term used to describe a collection of subtypes of generally benign, chronic, purpuric skin eruptions charac ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pilar Cyst Pilar cysts, also trichilemmal cysts, are common dermal cysts. They occur in less than 10 percent of the population but are the most common type of sk ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pili Annulati Pili annulati is an inherited, rare, and benign hair shaft disorder characterized by a unique appearance of the hair with alternate light and dark ban ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pilonidal Cyst And Sinus This activity provides a broad and comprehensive description of the pilonidal disease and its various treatments. Pilonidal disease is a dermatologica ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Pimecrolimus Pimecrolimus cream is a prescription non-steroidal medication in the class of topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs). It is FDA-approved for the treatm ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Pityriasis Alba Pityriasis alba is a common, benign skin disorder consisting of characteristic round or oval hypopigmented lesions with fine scales and occurring pred ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Pityriasis Rosea Pityriasis rosea, also known as pityriasis circinata, roseola annulata, and herpes tonsurans maculosus is an acute self-limiting papulosquamous disord ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pityriasis Rotunda Pityriasis rotunda is an uncommon acquired dermatosis related to a disorder of keratinization. It is characterized by hyperpigmented or hypopigmented, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare inflammatory papulosquamous disorder of unknown etiology. There are 6 strikingly distinct subtypes that occur ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Plaque Psoriasis Psoriasis is the most prevalent immune-mediated inflammatory disease. It involves skin and in some cases, joints, and can be associated with abnormali ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Polyarteritis Nodosa Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis first described in 1866 by Adolph Kussmaul and Rudolph Maier. It typically affects med ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Poly-L-Lactic Acid Poly-L-lactic acid is an absorbable, semi-permanent, injectable implant that can gradually restore volume and stimulate collagen formation. It is FDA- ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Polymorphic Light Eruption Polymorphic light eruption is the most common form of immunologically mediated photosensitivity dermatoses. Exposure to sunlight in spring or summer r ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Porokeratosis Porokeratosis is an uncommon diagnosis that presents with keratotic papules or annular plaques with an elevated border. It usually occurs on sun-expos ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Poroma Poroma is a benign glandular adnexal tumor. Initially, It was thought of as a pure eccrine tumor, but now it is clear that it has both eccrine and apo ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Post Transplantation Cancer Cancer is one of the three major causes of death after an organ transplant. Cardiovascular disease and infection are the other two reasons for death a ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Postherpetic Neuralgia Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common long-term complication of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) reactivation. This reactivation of the dormant ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity Info
Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a common acquired disorder occurring after skin inflammation or injury. It is chronic and is more common a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Postmastectomy Breast Cancer Radiation Therapy Postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is recommended for patients with more advanced breast cancer and/or certain high-risk pathologic features. In ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) results from a bacterial infection that causes rapid deterioration of the kidney function due to an inflam ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Potassium Iodide Potassium Iodide (KI) affects the production of thyroid hormone and is useful in treating conditions related to thyroid hormone, especially severe cas ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Poxviruses As the first viruses to be actually visualized with microscopy, knowledge about the Poxviridae family of viruses has progressed. Historically infamous ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pregnancy Intrahepatic Cholestasis Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common liver disorder in pregnancy and is associated with an increased risk of adverse obstetr ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Premalignant Lesions Of The Oral Mucosa Premalignant lesions of the oral cavity encompass a broad range of pathology and are often comorbid in a variety of patient populations. Prompt diagno ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pressure Injury Pressure injuries are formed when pressure causes localized damage to underlying skin and soft tissue. These skin and soft tissue injuries remain a si ... Read the Article 1.75 21 Activity Info
Primidone Primidone is an aromatic anticonvulsant used to treat complex, partial, and generalized seizures. This activity reviews the indications, contraindicat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Progeria Werner syndrome, also known as adult progeria, is a rare autosomal recessive condition that begins in late adolescence or early adulthood and leads to ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Protein S Deficiency Protein S deficiency is a rare but serious condition that can be congenital or acquired. Patients with this condition have higher propensity to develo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pruritic Urticarial Papules And Plaques Of Pregnancy Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP), also known as polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP) is the most common gestational der ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Pruritus Gravidarum Pruritus is a common symptom in pregnancy. The causes of pruritus can be unrelated or specific to pregnancy. Pruritus specific to pregnancy must be ad ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Pseudotumor Cerebri Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC), also known by the name idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), is a disorder with increased intracranial pressure (ICP) ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Psoriasis Psoriasis is a chronic proliferative and inflammatory condition of the skin. It is characterized by erythematous plaques covered with silvery scales p ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Psoriasis of the Nails Psoriasis is a common and chronic inflammatory disease involving skin, nails, and joints. Nails are the visible parts of the body and it affects the q ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis (PsO) and found in about 20 to 30% of such patients. It shares ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity Info
Purpura Fulminans Purpura fulminans is an acute purpuric rash characterized by coagulation of the microvasculature, which leads to purpuric lesions and skin necrosis. I ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Pustular Psoriasis Pustular psoriasis is a rare, immune-mediated systemic skin disorder characterized by yellowish pustules on an erythematous base with a variety of cli ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Pyoderma Gangrenosum Pyoderma gangrenosum is an ulcerative disorder that falls into the category of neutrophilic dermatoses. Pyoderma gangrenosum should not be confused wi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Pyogenic Granuloma Pyogenic granuloma, sometimes known as granuloma pyogenicum, refers to a common, acquired, benign, vascular tumor that arises in tissues such as the s ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Radiation Effects On The Fetus Cancer management during ongoing pregnancy poses a clinical challenge in itself, especially when administering radiotherapy; if indicated, it can seve ... Read the Article 1.25 5 Activity Info
Radiation Therapy In The Treatment Of Keloids Keloids are benign raised scars that are formed after cutaneous insult. Normally, cutaneous injury results in wound closure and a flat scar. Some in ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Radiation Therapy Induced Skin Ulcer Management of acute or chronic skin injuries due to ionizing radiation is a complex challenge with injuries ranging from acute redness to chronic woun ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Ramsay Hunt syndrome, also known as geniculate zoster, is a rare condition that manifests as a complication of Varicella zoster virus (VZV) that arise ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Rat-bite Fever Rat-bite fever, also known as streptobacillosis, spirillary fever, bogger, and epidemic arthritic erythema, is a zoonotic illness that manifests with ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Raynaud Disease In response to cold temperatures, the body adapts by restricting blood flow to the skin. This is done as a thermoregulating mechanism to prevent furth ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Reactive Arthritis Reactive arthritis (ReA) is inflammatory arthritis that manifests several days to weeks after a gastrointestinal or genitourinary infection. It is als ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity Info
Renal Oncocytoma Renal oncocytomas are common benign kidney neoplasms that account for 3 to 7 percent of renal neoplasms. They usually occur in adults, most frequently ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Rhinophyma Rhinophyma is a disfiguring nasal deformity due to the proliferation of sebaceous glands and underlying connective tissue. This activity describes the ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Riboflavin Deficiency Riboflavin, vitamin B2, is a heat-stable, water-soluble vitamin that the body uses to metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and protein into glucose for ene ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Rickettsia Akari Rickettsia akari, an intracellular, gram-negative pathogen, is the etiologic agent of rickettsialpox, which is transmitted by the house mouse mite. Ri ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Rickettsia Prowazekii Rickettsia prowazekii is an obligate, intracellular, gram-negative coccobacillus belonging to the genus Rickettsia. It is the causative agent of epide ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Rickettsia Rickettsiae Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an acute febrile tick-borne illness caused by Rickettsia rickettsii. In North America, it is both the most seve ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Rickettsial Infection Rickettsia is a group of vector-borne organisms that cause acute febrile illnesses throughout the world. While the clinical presentation of rickettsia ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Rosacea Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory disease that presents with recurrent flushing, erythema, telangiectasia, papules, or pustules on nose, chin, ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Roseola Infantum Roseola infantum is a common disease of childhood that is seen globally and is caused by infection with human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), or, less frequent ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Rubeola (Measles) This activity reviews the epidemiology and pathophysiology of measles to further understand its epidemiological situation. This will hopefully lead to ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity Info
Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in organs. This condition mostly af ... Read the Article 2.25 33 Activity Info
Scabies Scabies is a contagious skin condition caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei which burrows into the skin and causes severe itching. Scabies is transmit ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity Info
Scar Revision Patients may want a scar revision for a multitude of reasons. They can cause function limitations, be a reminder of a traumatic event, or cause other ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Scarlet Fever Scarlet fever is a blanching, papular rash, commonly described as a sandpaper rash. It is usually associated with Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngitis i ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (Schistosoma haematobium), more specifically known as urogenital schistosomiasis, is an endemic disease to many countries in Africa an ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Scleredema Scleredema of Buschke is a rare connective tissue disorder. Its pathogenesis is poorly understood. It belongs to the spectrum of scleroderma-like diso ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Scleroderma Scleroderma is a chronic, autoimmune connective tissue disorder that is primarily characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin and other tiss ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity Info
Scrub Typhus Scrub typhus is one of the tropical rickettsial infections which if left untreated, can have fatal consequences. It is caused by Orientia tsutsugamush ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Seabathers Eruption Seabather's eruption (SBE), also known as sea lice, is a pruritic dermatitis found in a bathing suit distribution and at sites of friction after bathi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma Sebaceous carcinomas are rare malignant tumors of the sebaceous glands. They most commonly develop on the eyelid, but may arise from anywhere sebaceou ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Seborrheic Dermatitis Seborrheic dermatitis is a common papulosquamous skin disease that is most prevalent in infancy and middle age, and it usually presents differently in ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Seborrheic Keratosis Seborrheic keratoses are epidermal skin tumors that commonly present in adult and elderly patients. They are benign skin lesions and often do not requ ... Read the Article 1.5 14 Activity Info
Secukinumab Secukinumab is a novel biologic agent that specifically targets interleukin-17 (IL-17) involved in a pathological process. It is a fully human monoclo ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Selenium Selenium is a trace metal supplement used in the management and treatment of selenium deficiency. This activity reviews the indications, contraindicat ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Sezary Syndrome Sezary syndrome and mycosis fungoides are the most common forms of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). This can be a diagnostic challenge to clinicians ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Silver Sulfadiazine Silver sulfadiazine is a medication used in the prevention, management, and treatment of burn wound infections. It is a heavy metal topical agent with ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Skin Biopsy Skin biopsy is an important and common diagnostic procedure in dermatology practice. Various methods of skin biopsy exist, and multiple factors are co ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Skin Cancer Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States and is generally classified as nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) or melanoma. This act ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Skin Cancer Types Vascular tumors include tufted angiomas, pyogenic granulomas, hemangiomas, and hemangiopericytomas. Vascular malformations include venous, lymphatic, ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Skin Resurfacing Chemical Peels Skin resurfacing with a chemical peel aims to restore a more youthful and rested appearance to the aging face. This activity reviews the evaluation a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Skin Resurfacing Dermabrasion Dermabrasion involves the use of abrasive materials to induce epidermal and dermal injury, resulting in the improvement of the appearance of the skin ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Skin Tags Skin tags, also known as 'acrochordons,' are commonly seen cutaneous growths noticeable as soft excrescences of heaped up skin and are usually benign ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Smallpox Smallpox is the first human infectious disease to be successfully eradicated worldwide. It remains of clinical concern because of the potential for re ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Solar Urticaria Solar urticaria is a chronic acquired photosensitivity disorder. It consists of recurrent episodes of urticaria overlying areas of the skin that are e ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Spider Angioma Spider angioma, also known as spider naevus or spider telangiectasia, is a vascular lesion characterized by anomalous dilatation of end vasculature fo ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Spider Veins Spider veins, also known as telangiectasias or thread veins, are prominent clusters of damaged small blood vessels in the skin. They can appear as red ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Spoon Nails This activity outlines the evaluation and management of koilonychia and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in evaluating, treating and ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Sporotrichosis Sporotrichosis caused by s. schenckii occurs by inoculation of soil, plants, and organic matter contaminated with the fungus. Sporotrichosis typically ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Squamous Cell Skin Cancer Squamous cell carcinoma, the second most common form of skin cancer, is caused by the cumulative exposure of skin to UV light. This condition has prec ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome, also known as Ritter disease is a disease characterized by denudation of the skin caused by exotoxin producing s ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Steatorrhea The management of steatorrhea is complex and new approaches have been introduced. To achieve satisfactory outcomes, the basic and clinical aspects of ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Stevens Johnson Syndrome Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are acute, rare, and potentially fatal skin reactions involving loss of skin and, in some case ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity Info
Stretch Marks Striae, or stretch marks, are indented streaks that often affect the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, back, breasts, axillae and groin. They are divided int ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Sturge-Weber Syndrome Sturge-Weber syndrome, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by angiomas involving the face, chor ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Lupus erythematosus (LE) is an inflammatory connective tissue disorder characterized by pathogenic autoantibodies, immune complex formation, depositio ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Subungual Melanoma Subungual melanoma is a distinct subtype of cutaneous malignant melanoma arising from structures within the nail apparatus. The word subungual is deri ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Sunburn A sunburn is caused by excessive exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays or by exposure to artificial sources of UV rays such as tanning beds. The ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity Info
Sunscreens And Photoprotection Photoprotection is indicated for the reduction of ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced skin damage and skin cancers. Photoprotection includes sunscreens ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Supertrochlear Nerve Block The supratrochlear nerve block is a special procedure, which can be utilized to relieve pain in the mid-forehead region. It can provide anesthesia for ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Suture Hypersensitivity Hypersensitivity reactions are most commonly encountered in the context of immunology. Suture hypersensitivity refers to the clinical entities resulti ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Sweet Syndrome Sweet syndrome, also called acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is a rare disorder that typically presents with acute-onset tender plaques or nodul ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Symmetrical Drug-related Intertriginous and Flexural Exanthema Symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE), previously known as baboon syndrome, is a symmetrical erythematous rash on th ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Syphilis Syphilis is a systemic, bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Due to its many protean clinical manifestations, it has been ... Read the Article 2.75 45 Activity Info
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with multisystem involvement and is associated with significant morbidity and mort ... Read the Article 1.5 12 Activity Info
Systemic Mastocytosis Systemic mastocytosis is an aggressive disorder characterized by the release of numerous vasoactive cell mediators due to excessive activity of mast c ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Systemic Sclerosis Scleroderma is a rare connective tissue disorder with unknown and complex pathogenesis. Scleroderma can be divided into two forms, localized scleroder ... Read the Article 1.5 11 Activity Info
Tarantula Spider Toxicity Tarantula toxicity is a rare occurrence. There are over 900 species of tarantula, and they are popular as pets. While tarantulas do possess venom, the ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
T-Cell Lymphoma T-cell lymphomas are the uncommon and rare subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. This disease group has a poor prognosis compared to their B-cell counterp ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Telogen Effluvium Telogen effluvium is a form of nonscarring alopecia characterized by diffuse, often acute hair shedding. Telogen effluvium is a reactive process, trig ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Terbinafine Terbinafine is an antifungal medication that works through the inhibition of squalene epoxidase. It has activity against most dermatophytes, and it ha ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Thermal Burns Thermal burns are skin injuries caused by excessive heat, typically from contact with hot surfaces, hot liquids, steam, or flame. Most burns are minor ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Thrombocytopenia Thrombocytopenia is a platelet count below the lower limit of normal, i.e., 150000/microliter (for adults). This activity reviews the etiology, evalua ... Read the Article 1.5 16 Activity Info
Tick Removal Finding a tick on oneself or a family member can be anxiety provoking. Ticks are known to carry many diseases, and the list is growing. Additionally, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Tinea Barbae Tinea barbae is a superficial fungal infection of the skin, hair, and hair follicles caused by dermatophytes. Though dermatophyte infections are one o ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Tinea Capitis Tinea capitis, also known as ringworm or herpes tonsurans infection, is a fungal infection of the scalp hair. It is caused primarily by the dermatophy ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity Info
Tinea Corporis Tinea corporis is a superficial fungal skin infection of the body caused by dermatophytes. Tinea corporis can be found worldwide. It is specifically ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Tinea Cruris Tinea cruris, also known as jock itch, is an infection involving the genital, pubic, perineal, and perianal skin caused by pathogenic fungi known as d ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Tinea Manuum Tinea manuum is a superficial dermatophyte infection of one or both hands, and the involvement can include the palms. It is worldwide in its geographi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Tinea Pedis Tinea pedis, also known as athlete's foot or foot ringworm is an infection of the feet affecting soles, interdigital clefts of toes, and nails with a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Tinea Versicolor Pityriasis versicolor, also known as tinea versicolor, is a common, benign, superficial fungal infection of the skin. Clinical features of pityriasis ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity Info
Topical Corticosteroids Topical corticosteroids play a major role in the treatment of many dermatologic conditions. They are FDA-approved and indicated for the use of inflamm ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Topical, Local, and Regional Anesthesia and Anesthetics Nerve impulse transmission occurs when voltage-gated sodium channels on the neuronal membrane open, allowing a massive influx of sodium. This causes m ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Total Parenteral Nutrition Total parenteral nutrition is a medication used in the management and treatment of malnourishment. It is in the nutrition class of drugs. This activit ... Read the Article 1.75 21 Activity Info
Totalis Alopecia Alopecia totalis is a chronic condition of complete hair loss of the scalp, which affects a small percentage of patients with alopecia areata. Treatme ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is an acute-onset illness characterized by fever, hypotension, sunburn-like rash, and end-organ damage. TSS was classically ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Toxicodendron Toxicity Plants within the Anacardiaceae family cause Toxicodendron toxicity. It includes plants such as poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac and is the most c ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis is caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan. Although many people are infected worldwide, the disea ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity Info
Traction Alopecia Traction alopecia results from continuous pulling force on the hair roots. It usually occurs in women of African descent who have tight, spiral curlin ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Trench Foot Trench foot is one of three subclasses of immersion foot, which are differentiated by the temperature of the exposure. Trench foot is caused by prolon ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Tretinoin Tretinoin is a valuable medication in the treatment of mild, moderate, and severe acne that can be used topically or systemically. Tretinoin also used ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Trichosporonosis Trichosporon species are pathogenic yeast that colonizes and proliferates in different parts of the human body, including the gastrointestinal tract, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Trichotillomania Trichotillomania (TTM) also known as hair-pulling disorder, was first described in ancient Greece, but its current name was coined in the later part o ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is a human disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It mainly affects the lungs, making pulmonary disease the most common prese ... Read the Article 2 27 Activity Info
Tuberous Sclerosis Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder that affects multiple systems. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion and is characte ... Read the Article 2 31 Activity Info
Tufted Hair Folliculitis Tufted hair folliculitis is an uncommon, progressive condition associated with cicatricial (scarring) alopecia that affects the scalp. Tufted hair fol ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Tularemia Tularemia is an acute febrile zoonotic illness caused by the highly infectious gram-negative organism Francisella tularensis. It is important to maint ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Tumid Lupus Erythematosus Tumid lupus erythematosus (TLE) is currently considered a subtype of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE). TLE differs from the other subtypes of cutan ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors, including etanercept (E), infliximab (I), adalimumab (A), certolizumab pegol (C), and golimumab (G), are ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease Undifferentiated connective tissue disease is considered one of the systemic autoimmune diseases. This disease is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Urticaria Pigmentosa Mastocytosis is a disorder characterized by mast cell accumulation, commonly in the skin, bone marrow, gastrointestinal tract, liver, spleen, and lymp ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Ustekinumab Ustekinumab is a medication used in the management and treatment of a variety of inflammatory conditions, including psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, an ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Varicose Veins Venous reflux, also known as chronic venous insufficiency, is a common condition and usually the underlying cause of varicose veins, reticular veins, ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Venous Insufficiency Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common condition that typically involves lower extremity edema, trophic skin changes, and discomfort secondary ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Vibrio Vulnificus Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium that causes septicemia, severe wound infections, and gastroenteritis. Failure to recognize and treat this infection p ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Vitamin A Deficiency Vitamin A is a lipid-soluble compound with several biologic actions to aid in vision and cellular differentiation. The prevalence of vitamin A deficie ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity Info
Vitamin A Toxicity Vitamin A toxicity can due to either topical or oral vitamin A administration. Oral vitamin A toxicity can be acute, due to the ingestion of a large a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Pyridoxine is a vitamin and a medication used to treat vitamin B6 deficiency and the management of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. It is also us ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Vitiligo Vitiligo is a common acquired skin disorder which results from the loss of melanocytes from the epidermis and clinically manifests as well-demarcated ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity Info
Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia is a non-invasive squamous lesion and precursor of squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva. This activity reviews the ev ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Wart Warts are prevalent benign lesions caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) that occur in the mucosa and skin. Warts may cause significant morbidity f ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Wound Assessment A wound is damaged or disruption to the skin and, before treatment, the exact cause, location, and type of wound must be assessed to provide appropria ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Wound Pressure Injury Management Pressure injuries have been given various names over the last several years, including pressure ulcers, decubitus ulcers, or bed sores. Pressure injur ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity Info
Xanthelasma Palpebrarum Xanthelasma palpebrarum is a condition in which soft, yellow papules or plaques filled with cholesterol form over the medial canthus of the upper lid. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Xanthoma Xanthomas are localized lipid deposits within an organ system. They are often an important sign of systemic disease. To avoid the high morbidity and m ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Xeroderma Xeroderma refers to “dry skin,” and is a common condition which results in skin roughness, tightness, flaking, and scaling. It can cause pruritus, lea ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Xeroderma Pigmentosum Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis that results due to mutations in nucleotide excision repair. The condition is chara ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity Info
X-Linked Ichthyosis X-linked ichthyosis (XLI), known as steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency and X-linked recessive ichthyosis, is a genetic skin disorder recognized in 196 ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Yaws Yaws, a treponemal disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pertenue, causes disease in 3 stages with the last being most specific and manifesting a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity Info
Yellow Nail Syndrome Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is a rare condition defined by a presence of two of the following: (1) slow-growing, hard, yellow, and dystrophic nails, (2 ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info
Z Plasty Z-plasty, previously referred to as converging triangular flaps, is a common surgical technique in reconstructive surgery used in scar revision and co ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity Info
Zika Virus Zika virus is a single-stranded RNA virus of the family and the genus Flavivirus. In the majority of people, infection by the Zika virus is mild and s ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity Info
Zinc Deficiency Zinc deficiency is common worldwide but is seen with greater frequency in developing countries. Zinc deficiency can be inherited or acquired and typic ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity Info

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