Physiology-Medical Student Articles

Article Name

21 Hydroxylase Deficiency
A Wave (Cannon A Wave)
Abulia (Aboulia)
ACE Inhibitors
Achilles Reflex
Acute Anemia
Acute Kidney Injury (Acute Renal Failure)
Acute Liver Failure
Acute Myocardial Infarction
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
Addiction Relapse Prevention
Addison Disease
Adrenal Insufficiency
Aerospace, Physical Effects
Aerospace, Physiology Of Spatial Orientation
Allergic Rhinitis
Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Mutation
Alveolar Gas Equation
Anabolic Steroid Toxicity
Anabolic Steroids
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Celiac Ganglia
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Kidney Collecting Ducts
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Kidney Nerves
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Liver
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Ovary Corpus Luteum
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Pancreas
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Penis
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Prostate
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Renal Artery
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Seminal Vesicle
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Small Intestine
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Sphincter of Oddi (Hepatopancreatic Sphincter)
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Spleen
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Testicle
Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Uterine Arteries
Anatomy, Adenohypophysis (Pars Anterior, Anterior Pituitary)
Anatomy, Anatomic Dead Space
Anatomy, Arteries
Anatomy, Autonomic Nervous System
Anatomy, Back, Rhomboid Muscles
Anatomy, Blood Vessels
Anatomy, Bone Markings
Anatomy, Central Nervous System
Anatomy, Colostrum
Anatomy, Deep Tendon Reflexes (Stretch Reflexes)
Anatomy, Fascia
Anatomy, Hair Follicle
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Anterior, Common Carotid Arteries
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Blood Brain Barrier
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Blood Thymus Barrier
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Brachial Plexus
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Carotid Arteries
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Carotid Baroreceptors
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Cerebral Blood Flow
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Cerebrospinal Fluid
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Ear Endolymph
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Eye
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Eye Ciliary Muscles
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Eye Conjunctiva
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Eye Lacrimal Gland
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Eye Retina
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Eyelid
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Foramen Lacerum
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Larynx Muscles
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Nose Bones
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Pharynx
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Pituitary Gland
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Pulp (Tooth)
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Salivary Glands
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Tongue Taste Buds
Anatomy, Skeletal Muscle
Anatomy, Skin (Integument)
Anatomy, Skin (Integument), Epidermis
Anatomy, Skin Sweat Glands
Anatomy, Skin, Sudoriferous Gland
Anatomy, Smooth Muscle
Anatomy, Thoracotomy and the Collateral Intercostal Neurovascular Bundle
Anatomy, Thorax, Aortic Arch
Anatomy, Thorax, Cardiac Muscle
Anatomy, Thorax, Esophagus
Anatomy, Thorax, Greater Splanchnic Nerves
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Ductus Arteriosus
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Fossa Ovalis
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Left Atrial Appendage
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Muscles
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Pulmonary Arteries
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Pulmonic Valve
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Thebesian Veins (Veins of Thebesius, Vessels of Thebesius, Vasa Thebesii)
Anatomy, Thorax, Lung Veins
Anatomy, Thorax, Mitral Valve
Anatomy, Thorax, Sinoatrial Nodal Artery
Anatomy, Thorax, Wall Movements
Angiotensin II
Anorexia Nervosa
Anoxia (Hypoxic Hypoxia)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Knee Injuries
Anthropometric Measurement
Antibody Deficiency Disorder
Argyll Robertson Pupil
Arterial Occlusion, Acute
Atopic Dermatitis
Atrial Fibrillation (A Fib)
Atrial Kick
Atrioventricular Block
Autonomic Pharmacology
Babinski Reflex
Bacterial Sepsis
Bekhterev Jacobsohn Reflex
Beta 1 Receptors
Biochemistry, 5 Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
Biochemistry, Adiponectin
Biochemistry, Ammonia
Biochemistry, Anion Gap
Biochemistry, Antioxidants
Biochemistry, Biliverdin
Biochemistry, Bombesin
Biochemistry, cAMP
Biochemistry, Catecholamine Degradation
Biochemistry, Chloride Channels
Biochemistry, Cholecystokinin (CCK)
Biochemistry, Cholesterol
Biochemistry, Chylomicron
Biochemistry, Clotting Factors
Biochemistry, Dopamine Receptors
Biochemistry, Endogenous Opioids
Biochemistry, Endorphin
Biochemistry, Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Biochemistry, G Protein Coupled Receptors
Biochemistry, Gamma Aminobutyric Acid
Biochemistry, Ghrelin
Biochemistry, Glutamate
Biochemistry, Glycogen
Biochemistry, Heat and Calories
Biochemistry, Hemoglobin Synthesis
Biochemistry, Hormones
Biochemistry, Hypertonicity
Biochemistry, Insulin Metabolic Effects
Biochemistry, Iron Absorption
Biochemistry, Lipids
Biochemistry, Lipoprotein Lipase
Biochemistry, Low Density Lipoprotein
Biochemistry, Phospholipase A2
Biochemistry, Vitamin, Fat Soluble
Biochemistry, Water Soluble Vitamins
Bleeding Time
Blood Pressure Measurement
Bone Scan
Broca Aphasia
Brown Sequard Syndrome
C Peptide
Caffeine Withdrawal
Cancer, Basal Cell
Cancer, Lung
Cannabis Use Disorder
Carbon Dioxide Narcosis
Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac Electrical and Structural Remodeling
Cardiac Exam
Cerebral Edema
Cerebral Perfusion Pressure
Chaddock Reflex
Cheyne Stokes Respirations
Cholestyramine Resin
Cholinergic Medications
Chronic Emphysema
Chronic Inflammation
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Compensatory Measure
Chronic Thrombo-Embolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH)
Chvostek Sign
Ciliospinal Reflex
Clinical Laboratory
Coenzyme Q10
Color Vision
Conduction Aphasia
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Conn Syndrome
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Cor Pulmonale
Corneal Reflex
Coronary Perfusion Pressure
Creatinine Clearance
Cremasteric Reflex
Cushing Reflex
Decompression Sickness (DCS, Bends, Caisson Disease)
Delayed Hypersensitivity Reactions
Delayed Puberty
Depolarizing Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs
Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
Diabetic Gastroparesis
Dietary Calcium
Diving Buoyancy
Diving Gas Embolism
Doll's Eyes
Drug Metabolism
Dyspnea on Exertion (DOE)
ECG T Wave
Electric Potential and Capacitance
Embryology, Bone Ossification
Embryology, Eye
Embryology, Fertilization
Embryology, Mullerian-inhibiting Factor
Embryology, Ovarian Follicle Development
Embryology, Placenta
EMS, Flight Barotrauma
Essential Hypertension
Female Development
Fluid Management
Forced Expiratory Volume
Fracture Healing Overview
Frontal Lobe Syndrome
Full Thickness Skin Grafts
GABA Receptor
Gallbladder Empyema
Gas Laws and Clinical Application
Gastric Emptying Scan
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Genetics, Histocompatibility Antigen
Gestational Diabetes
Gilbert Syndrome
Glucose Intolerance
Glucose Tolerance Test
Grasp Reflex
H2 Blockers
Head Trauma
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Heart Failure And Ejection Fraction
Hematocrit (HCT)
Hemorrhagic Shock
Henry's Law
Histology, Alveolar Macrophages
Histology, Apocrine Gland
Histology, Astrocytes
Histology, Bone
Histology, Capillary
Histology, Cell Death
Histology, Corpus Albicans
Histology, Glial Cells
Histology, Goblet Cells
Histology, Hematopoiesis
Histology, M Cell
Histology, Mammary Glands
Histology, Mast Cells
Histology, Meissner Corpuscle
Histology, Muscle
Histology, Myelin
Histology, Parathyroid Gland
Histology, Parietal Cells
Histology, Purkinje Cells
Histology, Red Blood Cell
Histology, Respiratory Epithelium
Histology, Reticulocytes
Histology, Schwann Cells
Histology, Spermatogenesis
Histology, T-Cell Lymphocyte
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
Human Insulin
Hyperbaric Management Of Frostbite
Hyperbaric Physiological And Pharmacological Effects Gases
Hyperchloremic Acidosis
Hypertonic Fluids
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Hypovolemic Shock
Ideal Gas Behavior
Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions
Immunoglobulin E
Inotropes And Vasopressors
Insensible Fluid Loss
Intraocular Pressure
Intussusception In Adults
Ionizing Radiation
Ketogenic Diet
Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
Legg Calve Perthes Disease (Calves Disease)
Liver Function Tests
Loop Diuretics
Low Carbohydrate Diet
Lumbar Degenerative Disk Disease
Lung Exam
Lung Sounds
Male Urinary Retention
Medical Ethics
Menstrual Cycle Proliferative And Follicular Phase
Microcytic Hypochromic Anemia
Monosynaptic Reflex
Mu Receptors
Muscarinic Agonists
Muscle Cramps
Myocardial Infarction Serum Markers
Myocardial Stunning and Hibernation
Neuroanatomy, Auerbach Plexus
Neuroanatomy, Basal Ganglia
Neuroanatomy, Broca Area
Neuroanatomy, Cerebral Blood Supply
Neuroanatomy, Cerebrospinal Fluid
Neuroanatomy, Ciliary Ganglion
Neuroanatomy, Corticospinal Tract Lesion
Neuroanatomy, Cranial Nerve 10 (Vagus Nerve)
Neuroanatomy, Cranial Nerve 8 (Vestibulocochlear)
Neuroanatomy, Decerebrate Rigidity
Neuroanatomy, Ear
Neuroanatomy, Hippocampus
Neuroanatomy, Hypothalamus
Neuroanatomy, Lateral Corticospinal Tract
Neuroanatomy, Mammillary Bodies
Neuroanatomy, Medulla Oblongata
Neuroanatomy, Neural Taste Pathway
Neuroanatomy, Neuron Action Potential
Neuroanatomy, Neurons
Neuroanatomy, Nodes of Ranvier
Neuroanatomy, Nucleus Raphe
Neuroanatomy, Nucleus Solitarius
Neuroanatomy, Nucleus Trigeminal
Neuroanatomy, Occipital Lobe
Neuroanatomy, Parasympathetic Nervous System
Neuroanatomy, Pars Nervosa
Neuroanatomy, Retina
Neuroanatomy, Sensory Nerves
Neuroanatomy, Spinal Cord Myotatic Reflex
Neuroanatomy, Substantia Gelatinosa
Neuroanatomy, Substantia Nigra
Neuroanatomy, Sympathetic Nervous System
Neuroanatomy, Touch Receptor
Neuroanatomy, Vestibulo-ocular Reflex
Neuroanatomy, Visual Pathway
Neuroanatomy, White Rami Communicans
Neurogenic Shock
Night Terrors
Nocturnal Cough
Normal Saline
Obesity Brain Gut Adipocyte Interaction
Obesity, Exercise and Fitness
Oculovestibular Reflex
Ohm's Law
Open Angle Glaucoma
Opioid Antagonists
Orthostatic Hypotension
Oxygen Saturation
P wave
Pain, Myofascial Syndrome
Palmar Grasp Reflex
Panic Disorder (Attack)
Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide (PCO2)
Partial Pressure Of Oxygen (PO2)
Partial Thromboplastin Time
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Pathophysiology Of Asthma
Pathophysiology of Takotsubo Syndrome
Pericardial Calcification
Peripheral Pulse
Peripheral Vertigo
Pernicious Anemia
Phantom Limb Pain
Phenytoin Toxicity
Photopic Vision
Physiology, Accommodation
Physiology, Acetylcholinesterase
Physiology, Acid Base Balance
Physiology, Acidosis, Metabolic
Physiology, Action Potential
Physiology, Active Immunity
Physiology, Active Transport
Physiology, Acute Phase Reactants
Physiology, Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Physiology, Adrenal Gland
Physiology, Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Physiology, Afterload Reduction
Physiology, Airway Resistance
Physiology, Albumin
Physiology, Aldosterone
Physiology, Alveolar Tension
Physiology, Alveolar to Arterial Oxygen Gradient (Aa Gradient)
Physiology, Anrep Effect
Physiology, Anterior Pituitary
Physiology, Anticholinergic Reaction
Physiology, Aqueous Humor Circulation
Physiology, Arterial Pressure Regulation
Physiology, Autonomic Nervous System
Physiology, AV Junction
Physiology, Bainbridge Reflex
Physiology, Baroreceptors
Physiology, Bile
Physiology, Bile Acids
Physiology, Bile Secretion
Physiology, Biliary
Physiology, Bilirubin
Physiology, Bladder
Physiology, Blood Plasma
Physiology, Blood Pressure Age Related Changes
Physiology, Blood Volume
Physiology, Body Fluids
Physiology, Body Mass Index (BMI)
Physiology, Bohr Effect
Physiology, Bone
Physiology, Bone Remodeling
Physiology, Bowditch Effect
Physiology, Boyle's Law
Physiology, Bradykinin
Physiology, Brain
Physiology, Breast Milk
Physiology, Bundle of His
Physiology, Calcium
Physiology, Carbon Dioxide Response Curve
Physiology, Carbon Dioxide Retention
Physiology, Carbon Dioxide Transport
Physiology, Cardiac
Physiology, Cardiac Cycle
Physiology, Cardiac Index
Physiology, Cardiac Output
Physiology, Cardiac Preload
Physiology, Cardiac Repolarization Dispersion and Reserve
Physiology, Cardiovascular
Physiology, Cardiovascular Hemodynamics
Physiology, Cardiovascular Murmurs
Physiology, Catecholamines
Physiology, Cellular Messengers
Physiology, Central Venous Pressure
Physiology, Cerebral Autoregulation
Physiology, Cerebral Cortex Functions
Physiology, Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF)
Physiology, Chemoreceptor Trigger Zone
Physiology, Cholesterol
Physiology, Cholinergic Receptors
Physiology, Circadian Rhythm
Physiology, Clotting Mechanism
Physiology, Coagulation Pathways
Physiology, Cochlear Function
Physiology, Colloid Osmotic Pressure
Physiology, Complement Cascade
Physiology, Connective Tissue
Physiology, Coronary Circulation
Physiology, Cortisol
Physiology, Defecation
Physiology, Digestion
Physiology, Diving Reflex
Physiology, Ear
Physiology, Edema
Physiology, Endocrine Hormones
Physiology, Endothelial Derived Relaxation Factor (EDRF)
Physiology, Endothelin
Physiology, Enteroglucagon
Physiology, Epithelialization
Physiology, Erection
Physiology, Esophagus
Physiology, Eustachian Tube Function
Physiology, Exercise
Physiology, Exocrine Gland
Physiology, Eye
Physiology, Factor V
Physiology, Factor XIII
Physiology, Female Reproduction
Physiology, Fetal Circulation
Physiology, Fetal Hemoglobin
Physiology, Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Physiology, Frank Starling Law
Physiology, Functional Residual Capacity
Physiology, GABA
Physiology, Gallbladder
Physiology, Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
Physiology, Gastrin
Physiology, Gastrocolic Reflex (Gastrocolic Response)
Physiology, Gastrointestinal
Physiology, Gastrointestinal Hormonal Control
Physiology, Gastrointestinal Nervous Control
Physiology, Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
Physiology, Glucagon
Physiology, Gluconeogenesis
Physiology, Glucose
Physiology, Glucose Transporter Type 4 (GLUT4)
Physiology, Gonadotropin Inhibitor
Physiology, Growth Factor
Physiology, Growth Hormone
Physiology, Hair
Physiology, Heart Sounds
Physiology, Heat Loss (Convection, Evaporation, Radiation)
Physiology, Hemostasis
Physiology, Hepcidin
Physiology, Herring Breuer Reflex
Physiology, Hypothalamus
Physiology, Immune Response
Physiology, Intrinsic Factor (Gastric Intrinsic Factor)
Physiology, Islets of Langerhans
Physiology, Jugular Venous Pulsation
Physiology, Korotkoff Sound
Physiology, Lactation
Physiology, Large Intestine
Physiology, Left Ventricular Function
Physiology, Leptin
Physiology, Leukotrienes
Physiology, Ligand Gated Chloride Channel
Physiology, Liver
Physiology, Long Term Memory
Physiology, Lung
Physiology, Lung Capacity
Physiology, Lung Dead Space
Physiology, Luteinizing Hormone
Physiology, Male Reproductive System
Physiology, Maternal Changes
Physiology, Mean Arterial Pressure
Physiology, Mechanoreceptors
Physiology, Membrane
Physiology, Menarche
Physiology, Menstrual Cycle
Physiology, Metabolic Alkalosis
Physiology, Metabolism
Physiology, Motilin
Physiology, Motor Cortical
Physiology, Muscle
Physiology, Muscle Contraction
Physiology, Muscle Myocyte
Physiology, Myocardial Oxygen Demand
Physiology, Nasal
Physiology, Neonatal
Physiology, Nerve
Physiology, Neuromuscular Junction
Physiology, Neuromuscular Transmission
Physiology, Neurotransmitters
Physiology, Newborn
Physiology, Night Vision
Physiology, NMDA Receptor
Physiology, Nociception
Physiology, Nociceptive Pathways
Physiology, Noncompetitive Inhibitor
Physiology, Noradrenergic Synapse
Physiology, Olfactory
Physiology, Opioid Receptor
Physiology, Opsonization
Physiology, Osmoregulation and Excretion
Physiology, Ovulation
Physiology, Ovulation, Basal Body Temperature
Physiology, Oxygen Transport
Physiology, Oxygen Transport And Carbon Dioxide Dissociation Curve
Physiology, Oxyhemoglobin Dissociation Curve
Physiology, Pain
Physiology, Pancreas
Physiology, Parathyroid
Physiology, Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Physiology, Pepsin
Physiology, Peripheral Vascular Resistance
Physiology, Pineal Gland
Physiology, Pituitary Gland
Physiology, Pituitary Issues During Pregnancy
Physiology, Placenta
Physiology, Plasma Osmolality and Oncotic Pressure
Physiology, Plasminogen Activation
Physiology, Platelet
Physiology, Platelet Activation
Physiology, Pleural Fluid
Physiology, Posterior Pituitary
Physiology, Pregnancy Contractions
Physiology, Prolactin
Physiology, Puberty
Physiology, Pulmonary
Physiology, Pulmonary Circulation
Physiology, Pulmonary Circulatory System
Physiology, Pulmonary Stress Response
Physiology, Pulmonary Vasoconstriction
Physiology, Pulmonary, Ventilation and Perfusion
Physiology, Pulse Pressure
Physiology, REM Sleep
Physiology, Renal
Physiology, Renal Blood Flow and Filtration
Physiology, Renin Angiotensin System
Physiology, Residual Volume
Physiology, Respiratory Acidosis
Physiology, Respiratory Alkalosis
Physiology, Respiratory Drive
Physiology, Respiratory Quotient
Physiology, Respiratory Rate
Physiology, Resting Potential
Physiology, Ryanodine Receptor
Physiology, Salivation
Physiology, Sebaceous Glands
Physiology, Secretin
Physiology, Sensory Receptors
Physiology, Sensory System
Physiology, Serotonin
Physiology, Sexual Maturity Rating
Physiology, Sinoatrial Node (SA Node)
Physiology, Skeletal Muscle
Physiology, Sleep
Physiology, Sleep Patterns
Physiology, Sleep Stages
Physiology, Small Bowel
Physiology, Smooth Muscle
Physiology, Sodium Channels
Physiology, Sodium Potassium Pump (Na+ K+ Pump)
Physiology, Somatostatin
Physiology, Spinal Cord
Physiology, Spleen
Physiology, Starling Relationships
Physiology, Stomach
Physiology, Stress Reaction
Physiology, Stroke Volume
Physiology, Swallowing
Physiology, Synapse
Physiology, Synuclein
Physiology, Temperature Regulation
Physiology, Testosterone
Physiology, Thermal Regulation
Physiology, Thromboxane A2
Physiology, Thyroid
Physiology, Thyroid Function
Physiology, Thyroid Hormone
Physiology, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Physiology, Tidal Volume
Physiology, Tooth
Physiology, Trauma
Physiology, Tyrosine Kinase Receptors
Physiology, Urea Cycle
Physiology, Vaginal
Physiology, Vascular
Physiology, Vestibular System
Physiology, Vibratory Sense
Physiology, Vision
Physiology, Water Balance
Physiology, Withdrawal Response
Physiology, Zero and First Order Kinetics
Pickwickian Syndrome
Plasma Glucose
Pleural Friction Rub
Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)
Postmortem Changes
Postobstructive Diuresis
Postpartum Pubic Symphysis Diastasis
Protein C Deficiency
Protein Losing Enteropathy
Pseudobulbar Palsy
Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
Pulmonary Compliance
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulsus Paradoxus
Pupillary Light Reflex
Pursed-lip Breathing
Renal Artery Stenosis
Renal Tubular Acidosis
Rhythm, QT Prolongation
Right Heart Failure
Schilling Test
Serum Myoglobin
Sezary Syndrome
Sickle Cell Anemia
Sinus Tachycardia
Sleeplessness And Circadian Disorder
Spinal Shock
ST Segment
Steady State Concentration
Stretch Marks (Striae)
Synchronized Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH)
Synovial Fluid Analysis
Thiazide Diuretics
Thyroid Disease And Pregnancy
Trauma Care Principles
Uremic Pericarditis
Ursodeoxycholic Acid
Uterine Leiomyomata (Fibroids)
Vaccine (Vaccination)
Vagal Maneuver
Valsalva Maneuver
Vasopressin (Antidiuretic Hormone, ADH)
Vasovagal Episode
Ventricular Septal Defect
Vital Capacity
Vitamin A
Vitamin B12 Deficiency (Cobalamin)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin D
Vitamin E Deficiency
Vitamin K
Vitamin K Deficiency
Volume of Distribution
Von Willebrand Disease
Water Toxicity
Weibel Palade Bodies
Wernicke Aphasia
Westphal Sign
Wound Assessment
Wound Healing
Wound Healing Phases
Wound Physiology
Zinc Deficiency
Zollinger Ellison Syndrome