Surgery-Cardiothoracic Articles

Article Name

A Wave (Cannon A Wave)
Abdominal Aorta Repair
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)
Abnormal Respirations
Acute Cardiac Tamponade
Acute Coronary Syndrome Catheter Interventions
Acute Mesenteric Ischemia
Acute Myocardial Infarction
Acute Pulmonary Embolism
Acute Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident)
Acute Transplantation Rejection
Adverse Events
Alagille Syndrome
Allen Test
Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Saphenous Nerve, Artery, and Vein
Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Sural Nerve
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Adam's Apple
Anatomy, Head and Neck, Costocervical Trunk Arteries
Anatomy, Thorax
Anatomy, Thorax, Aortic Valve
Anatomy, Thorax, Brachiocephalic (Innominate) Veins
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Anomalous Left Anterior Descending (LAD) Artery
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Anomalous Left Coronary Artery
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Ductus Arteriosus
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Fossa Ovalis
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Left Atrial Appendage
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Muscles
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Right Coronary Arteries
Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Veins
Anatomy, Thorax, Internal Mammary (Internal Thoracic) Arteries
Anatomy, Thorax, Lung Veins
Anatomy, Thorax, Mitral Valve
Anatomy, Thorax, Muscles
Anatomy, Thorax, Pericardiacophrenic Vessels
Anatomy, Thorax, Pericardium
Anatomy, Thorax, Phrenic Nerves
Anatomy, Thorax, Superior Intercostal Arteries
Anatomy, Thorax, Superior Vena Cava
Anatomy, Thorax, Wall
Anatomy, Thorax, Wall Movements
Aneurysm, Abdominal Aortic Rupture (AAA)
Aneurysm, Saccular
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEI)
Angiotensin II
Anoxic Encephalopathy
Anteroseptal Myocardial Infarction
Antiarrhythmic Medications
Antilipemic Agent Bile Acid Sequestrants
Antiphospholipid Syndrome (Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome, APS, APLS)
Aortic Dissection
Aortic Insufficiency
Aortic Regurgitation
Aortic Rupture
Aortic Stenosis
Aortic Transection
Aortic Trauma
Aortic Valve Disease
Aortic Valve Endocarditis
Aortic Valve Endocarditis Surgical Treatment
Aortic Valve Repair
Aortic Valve Replacement
Aortic Valve Ross Operation
Aortic Valvular Atresia
Aortopulmonary Septal Defect
Aortopulmonary Window
Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy
Arterial Pressure Monitoring
Arytenoid Subluxation
Atrial Fibrillation (A Fib)
Atrial Flutter
Atrial Kick
Atrial Myxoma
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Atrioventricular Canal Defects
Austin Flint Murmur
Automatic Internal Cardiac Defibrillator
Bacterial Endocarditis
Balloon Valvuloplasty
Bicuspid Aortic Valve
Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis
Biochemistry, Lipids
Blood Donation
Blood Gas Temperature Correction
Blood Transfusion
Blunt Cardiac Injury
Bronchogenic Cyst
Bronchopleural Fistula
Brugada Syndrome
Calcified Plaque
Cancer, Cardiac
Cancer, Cardiac, Chromaffin Cell (Pheochromocytoma)
Cancer, Papillary Fibroelastoma
Cancer, Trachea
Cardiac Abscess
Cardiac Catheterization Risks and Complications
Cardiac Cirrhosis
Cardiac Dominance
Cardiac Fibroma
Cardiac Rehabilitation
Cardiac Rhabdomyoma
Cardiac Risk Assessment
Cardiac Surgery
Cardiac Tamponade
Cardiac Trauma
Cardiac Ultrasound
Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema
Cardiogenic Shock
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing
Cardiopulmonary Fitness
Cardioversion, Pharmacological
Carney Complex
Carotid Artery Stenosis
Carotid Artery Stenting
Carotid Artery Surgery
Carotid Bruit
Carotid Contusion
Carotid Endarterectomy
Catheter Ablation
Catheter Management Of Aortic Valve Disorders
Catheter Management Of Left Atrial Appendage Closure Devices
Catheter Management Of Mitral Stenosis
Catheter Management Of Patent Foramen Ovale
Catheter Management Of Ventricular Septal Defect
Catheter Management Pulmonary Valvular Disorders
Catheter Management Valvular Disorders, Coarctation
Cavernous Sinus Syndromes
Central Venous Catheter
Cervical Spine Fractures Overview
Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis)
Chest and Mediastinal Imaging
Chest Tube
Chest Wall Deformities
Cholesterol Emboli (Atheroembolism, Blue or Purple Toe Syndrome)
Chronic Coronary Occlusion
Chronic Ischemic Heart Disease Selection of Treatment Modality
Chronic Thrombo-Embolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH)
Chronic Total Occlusion Of The Coronary Artery
Ciliary Dysfunction (Kartagener Syndrome, Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia)
Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy
Coarctation of the Aorta
Commotio Cordis
Complex Coronary Artery Lesions
Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Constrictive Pericarditis
Constrictive-Effusive Pericarditis
Cor Pulmonale
Cor Triatriatum
Coronary Arterial Pressure Evaluation
Coronary Arteriovenous Fistula
Coronary Artery Anomalies
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Redo
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Of The Gastroepiploic Artery
Coronary Artery Calcification
Coronary Artery Dissection
Coronary Artery Fistula
Coronary Artery Perforation
Coronary Artery Stents
Coronary Artery Vasospasm
Coronary Cameral Fistula
Coronary CT Angiography
Coronary Ectasia
Coronary Flow Effects of Arterial Spasm or Microembolization
Coronary Perfusion Pressure
Coronary Sinus Thrombosis
Coronary Stents
Cryoballoon Pulmonary Vein Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation
Cyanotic Heart Disease
DeWinter Pattern
Diabetic Perioperative Management
Diagnostic Ultrasound Use In Undifferentiated Hypotension
Dialysis Fistula
Diaphragm Disorders
Diaphragm Eventration
Diaphragm Injury
Diaphragm Rupture
Diaphragm Trauma
Diaphragmatic Pacing
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Dipyridamole Nuclear Stress Test
Direct Laryngoscopy
Distributive Shock
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
Double Aortic Arch
Double Chambered Right Ventricle
Double Orifice Mitral Valve
Dressler Syndrome
Drug Eluting Stent (DES) Compounds
Drug Induced Valvular Heart Disease
Duodenal Atresia And Stenosis
Dyspnea on Exertion (DOE)
Ebstein Anomaly And Malformation
Ehlers Danlos Syndrome
Eisenmenger Syndrome
Electrical Alternans
Electrophysiologic Testing
Embryology, Atrioventricular Septum
Embryology, Heart
Embryology, Heart Tube
Emergency Room Thoracotomy
Endocardial Fibroelastosis
Endocarditis Antibiotic Regimens
Endomyocardial Biopsy
Endomyocardial Fibrosis
Endoscopic Vein Harvesting
Endotracheal Tube (ET)
Epidural Anesthesia
Epiphrenic Diverticula
Esophageal Atresia
Esophageal Perforation, Rupture, And Tears
Esophageal Trauma
Essential Hypertension
Ethacrynic Acid
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Simulation
Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Femoral Vascular Closure Devices After Catheterization Procedure
Fibrinous Pericarditis
Fludeoxyglucose (18F)
Fontan Completion
Fractional Flow Reserve
Fungal Endocarditis
Graft Versus Host Disease
Heart Transplantation
Heart Transplantation Allograft Vasculopathy
Heart Transplantation Patient Selection
Heart Transplantation Rejection
Heart-Lung Transplantation
Hemorrhagic Shock
Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT)
Hepatojugular Reflux
Heyde Syndrome
Holiday Heart Syndrome
Holt Oram Syndrome
Hyperbaric Complications
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
Hypovolemic Shock
Iatrogenic Pneumothorax
Idiopathic Pulmonary Artery Hypertension (IPAH)
Idioventricular Rhythm
Implantable Defibrillator
Implantable Loop Recorder
Infectious Endocarditis
Inferior Myocardial Infarction
Inferior Vena Cava Filter
Inhalation Injury
Innominate Artery Injury
Inotropes And Vasopressors
Intercostal Nerve Block
Internal Mammary Artery Bypass
International Normalized Ratio (INR)
Interpleural Analgesia
Interrupted Aortic Arch
Interventricular Septum Abscess
Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP)
Intracardiac Shunts
Intracoronary Stents
Intraoperative Echocardiography
Intravascular Lithotripsy
Inverse Ratio Ventilation
Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
Isolated Coronary Artery Anomalies
Jervell and Lange Nielsen Syndrome
Kawasaki Disease
Lambls Excrescences
Late Onset Depression
Lateral Wall Myocardial Infarction
Left Atrial Enlargement
Left Ventricular Assist Devices (LVAD)
Left Ventricular Failure
Left Ventricular False Aneurysm
Left Ventricular Non-compaction (LVNC) Cardiomyopathy
Left Ventricular Rupture
Leriche Syndrome
Libman Sacks Endocarditis
Local Anesthetic Toxicity
Loeffler Endocarditis
Lown Ganong Levine Syndrome
Lung Biopsy
Lung Isolation Anesthesia
Lung Torsion
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery
Lutembacher Syndrome
Lymphangitic Carcinomatosis
Malignant Effusion
Malignant Hypertension
Malignant Hyperthermia
Management of Antithrombotics Around Gastrointestinal Procedures
Marfan Syndrome
Mechanical Ventilation
Mediastinal Cancer
Mediastinal Carcinoid Tumors
Mediastinal Nonseminoma
Mediastinal Trauma
Medical Ethics
Mid-Ventricular Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy
Minimally Invasive Aortic Valve Surgery
Mitral Regurgitation
Mitral Stenosis
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral Valve Repair
Morgagni Hernia
Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia (MAT)
Multivessel Disease
Mural Thrombi
Myocardial Infarction Serum Markers
Myocardial Perfusion Scan
Myocardial Stunning and Hibernation
Nail Clubbing
Neonatal Anesthesia
Neuroanatomy, Cranial Nerve 11 (Accessory)
Neuroanatomy, Cranial Nerve 12 (Hypoglossal)
Neuroanatomy, Vertebrobasilar System
Neurological Sequelae Of Endocarditis
Nicotinic Ganglionic Blocker
Nitrous Oxide
Non ST Segment Elevation (NSTEMI) Myocardial Infarction
Nondepolarizing Paralytics
Nonviral Myocarditis
Nosocomial Pneumonia
Nuclear Medicine Stress Test
Open Heart Massage
Opioid Toxicity
Oral Hypoglycemic Medications
Overdrive Pacing
Pacemaker Indications
Pacemaker Malfunction
Pacemaker Syndrome
Pacemaker Types and Selection
Papillary Muscle Rupture
Paradoxical Embolism
Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation
Partial And Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Patent Foramen Ovale
Pathergy Test
Pectus Carinatum (Pigeon Chest)
Pediatric Preoperative Management
Penetrating Chest Trauma
Pentalogy of Cantrell
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)
Percutaneously Inserted Ventricular Assist Device
Pericardial Effusion
Perioperative Anticoagulation Management
Perioperative Cardiac Management
Peripartum Cardiomyopathy
Peripheral Arterial Disease
PHACE Syndrome
Pharmacologic Stress Testing
Phrenic Nerve Injury
Physiology, Anrep Effect
Physiology, Bundle of His
Physiology, Cardiovascular Hemodynamics
Physiology, Central Venous Pressure
Physiology, Coronary Circulation
Physiology, Jugular Venous Pulsation
Physiology, Lung Capacity
Physiology, Oxyhemoglobin Dissociation Curve
Physiology, Systemic Vascular Resistance
Physiology, Thromboxane A2
Poland Syndrome
Poland Syndrome In Children
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polygenic Hypercholesterolemia
Post Infarct Ventricular Septal Rupture
Posterior Myocardial Ischemia
Postoperative Delirium
Postoperative Wound Infection
Postpartum Cardiomyopathy
Power of Attorney
Precautions, Bloodborne, Contact, and Droplet
Premature Ventricular Contraction (PVC)
Procedural Sedation
Prosthetic Heart Valve
Protected Health Information (PHI)
Prothrombin Complex Concentrate
Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation
Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation (AVMs)
Pulmonary Artery Banding
Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
Pulmonary Atresia With Intact Ventricular Septum
Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure
Pulmonary Contusion
Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary Papilloma
Pulmonary Regurgitation
Pulmonary Sequestration
Pulmonic Regurgitation
Pulmonic Stenosis
Pulsus Paradoxus
Quincke Sign
Radiation Esophagitis
Radiation Induced Coronary Artery Disease
Radiation Safety and Protection
Radiation Therapy Induced Cardiac Toxicity
Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury
Reentry Arrhythmia
Renal Artery Stenosis
Restrictive (Infiltrative) Cardiomyopathy
Retinal Hemorrhage
Retrograde Cardioplegia
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Right Aortic Arches
Right Heart Cardiac Catheterization
Right Heart Failure
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
Risk Factors For Coronary Artery Disease
Rotational Atherectomy
Saphenous Vein Grafts
Scimitar Syndrome
Secondary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy
Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension
Sengstaken-Blakemore Tube
Sick Sinus Syndrome
Single Lung Ventilation
Single Ventricle
Sinus Bradycardia
Sinus Of Valsalva Aneurysm
Sinus Tachycardia
Sodium Nitroprusside
Spinal Cord Ischemia
Spontaneous Pneumothorax
Stent Thrombosis
Stentless Autograft/Homograft Aortic Valve Replacement
Sternal Fracture
Sternoclavicular Joint Injury
Stunned Myocardium
Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis (SBE) Prophylaxis
Subaortic Stenosis
Subclavian Artery Thrombosis
Subclavian Vein Thrombosis
Subcutaneous Emphysema
Sudden Cardiac Death
Sudden Death in Athletes
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Supravalvar Aortic Stenosis (SVAS)
Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)
Surgical Access Incisions
Synchronized Electrical Cardioversion
Systolic Hypertension
Takayasu Arteritis
Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy
Targeted Temperature Management (TTM, Therapeutic Hypothermia)
Technetium (99mTc) Sestamibi
Tension Pneumothorax
Tetralogy of Fallot
Third-Degree Atrioventricular Block
Thoracic Aorta Aneurysm
Thoracic Duct Leak
Thoracic Empyema
Thoracic Trauma
Thromboelastography (TEG)
TIMI Grade Flow
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Topical, Local, and Regional Anesthesia and Anesthetics
Torsade de Pointes
Tracheal Trauma
Tracheo Innominate Artery Fistula
Tracheobronchial Tear
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR/TAVI, Percutaneous Replacement)
Transcatheter Management of Left Ventricular Pseudoaneurysms
Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE)
Transfusion Reactions
Transhiatal Esophagectomy
Transposition Of The Great Arteries
Trauma Primary Survey
Treadmill Stress Testing
Tricuspid Atresia
Tricuspid Regurgitation (Tricuspid Insufficiency)
Tricuspid Valve Endocarditis
Tricuspid Valve Repair
Truncus Arteriosus
Tuberous Sclerosis
Ultrasound-Guided Intercostal Nerve Block
Unilateral Diaphragmatic Paralysis
Unstable Angina
Upper Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT)
Uremic Pericarditis
Vascular Aortic Arch Ring
Vascular Ring Double Aortic Arch
Ventilation Assist Control
Ventilator Management
Ventricular Aneurysm
Ventricular Fibrillation
Ventricular Premature Complexes
Ventricular Septal Defect
Ventricular Septal Rupture
Vertebral Artery Injury
Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency
Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy (VATS)
Viral Myocarditis
Warfarin Toxicity
Warm Blood Cardioplegia
Wellens Syndrome
Wide QRS Complex Tachycardia
Widened Mediastinum
Williams Syndrome
Wolff Parkinson White Syndrome (WPW)
Wound Dehiscence