Vascular Medicine CME

Stay on top of your practice by subscribing to the StatPearls Unlimited CME program. Gain access to 140 PubMed indexed activities in Vascular Medicine. Your subscription also gives you unlimited access to all 6,327 PubMed indexed CME activities in our library.

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About StatPearls CME

All of our activities are approved by AMA PRA Category 1 (MD or PA) and all activity is reported to CE Broker and all states as required. StatPearls continuing education activities are linked to practice questions which are based on the American Board of Vascular Medicine┬« (ABVM┬«) content outlines. 184 authors and 9 editors have contributed to the development of the Vascular Medicine content, which is continuously refined and updated to improve your learning experience.

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Vascular Medicine Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
Abdominal Angina Abdominal angina is postprandial pain that occurs in mesenteric vascular occlusive disease when blood flow to the colon is unable to meet visceral dem ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Abdominal Angina Abdominal angina is postprandial pain that occurs in mesenteric vascular occlusive disease when blood flow to the colon is unable to meet visceral dem ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Abdominal Aorta Repair Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is performed because the mortality rates are as high as 78% following rupture. Open and endovascular surgery are the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Abdominal Aorta Repair Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is performed because the mortality rates are as high as 78% following rupture. Open and endovascular surgery are the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a life-threatening condition that requires monitoring or treatment depending upon the size of the aneurysm and/or symp ... Read the Article 2 27 Activity DO
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a life-threatening condition that requires monitoring or treatment depending upon the size of the aneurysm and/or symp ... Read the Article 2 27 Activity MD/PA
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAAs) are a relatively common pathology. Ruptured aneurysms have an exceptionally high mortality rate. Early diagnosis an ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAAs) are a relatively common pathology. Ruptured aneurysms have an exceptionally high mortality rate. Early diagnosis an ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Rupture Abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture represents a catastrophic emergency and if not recognized and appropriately treated, carries significant morbidity a ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Rupture Abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture represents a catastrophic emergency and if not recognized and appropriately treated, carries significant morbidity a ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Abdominal Aortic Repair Abdominal aortic repair is a major surgical procedure done to treat an aortic aneurysm. Elective surgery on an abdominal aortic aneurysm is indicated ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Abdominal Aortic Repair Abdominal aortic repair is a major surgical procedure done to treat an aortic aneurysm. Elective surgery on an abdominal aortic aneurysm is indicated ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Acute Arterial Occlusion Acute arterial occlusion is synonymous with acute limb ischemia and is considered a vascular emergency. Acute limb ischemia is defined as a sudden los ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Acute Arterial Occlusion Acute arterial occlusion is synonymous with acute limb ischemia and is considered a vascular emergency. Acute limb ischemia is defined as a sudden los ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Acute Mesenteric Ischemia Acute mesenteric ischemia is caused by a sudden decline in blood flow through the mesenteric vessels. Diagnosis can be difficult because symptoms are ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity DO
Acute Mesenteric Ischemia Acute mesenteric ischemia is caused by a sudden decline in blood flow through the mesenteric vessels. Diagnosis can be difficult because symptoms are ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA
Acute Pulmonary Embolism Acute pulmonary embolism is a common clinical condition with a variable clinical presentation, making its diagnosis challenging. This activity outline ... Read the Article 2.25 31 Activity DO
Acute Pulmonary Embolism Acute pulmonary embolism is a common clinical condition with a variable clinical presentation, making its diagnosis challenging. This activity outline ... Read the Article 2.25 31 Activity MD/PA
Acute Stroke Acute strokes, also known as cerebrovascular accidents, are broadly classified as either ischemic or hemorrhagic. Acute strokes result in loss of bloo ... Read the Article 2 28 Activity DO
Acute Stroke Acute strokes, also known as cerebrovascular accidents, are broadly classified as either ischemic or hemorrhagic. Acute strokes result in loss of bloo ... Read the Article 2 28 Activity MD/PA
Acute Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Subarachnoid hemorrhages are true emergencies that demand prompt treatment. Subarachnoid hemorrhages result from a medical aneurysmal rupture or traum ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity DO
Acute Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Subarachnoid hemorrhages are true emergencies that demand prompt treatment. Subarachnoid hemorrhages result from a medical aneurysmal rupture or traum ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA
Amaurosis Fugax The term amaurosis fugax is often used interchangeably to describe transient visual loss (TVL). However, it is employed widely in medicine to refer to ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Amaurosis Fugax The term amaurosis fugax is often used interchangeably to describe transient visual loss (TVL). However, it is employed widely in medicine to refer to ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Ankle Brachial Index The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a non-invasive tool for the assessment of vascular status. It consists of the ratio between the systolic blood press ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Ankle Brachial Index The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a non-invasive tool for the assessment of vascular status. It consists of the ratio between the systolic blood press ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Anticoagulation This activity reviews the general principles in anticoagulation therapy, with highlights on the different types, indications, and perioperative impact ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Anticoagulation This activity reviews the general principles in anticoagulation therapy, with highlights on the different types, indications, and perioperative impact ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Aortoenterofistula Aortoenteric fistulas are a deadly condition that can occur when the wall of the aorta erodes into the adjacent gastrointestinal system, which can lea ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Aortoenterofistula Aortoenteric fistulas are a deadly condition that can occur when the wall of the aorta erodes into the adjacent gastrointestinal system, which can lea ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Aortofemoral Bypass Aortofemoral bypass surgery has been used in the management of aortoiliac occlusive disease since the 1950s. Today, revascularization with endovascula ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Aortofemoral Bypass Aortofemoral bypass surgery has been used in the management of aortoiliac occlusive disease since the 1950s. Today, revascularization with endovascula ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease The aortoiliac occlusive disease is defined by atherosclerotic blockage of the distal abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. Patients commonly present wi ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease The aortoiliac occlusive disease is defined by atherosclerotic blockage of the distal abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. Patients commonly present wi ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Arteriovenous Fistula Arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections between arteries and veins. AVFs can be surgically created, can occur as a result of a congenital or g ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Arteriovenous Fistula Arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections between arteries and veins. AVFs can be surgically created, can occur as a result of a congenital or g ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Arteriovenous Malformations Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are abnormal fistulas between arteries and veins without an intervening capillary bed. High arterial flow directly ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Arteriovenous Malformations Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are abnormal fistulas between arteries and veins without an intervening capillary bed. High arterial flow directly ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Atheroembolic Kidney Disease Atheroembolic renal disease is caused by the occlusion of small arteries in the kidneys by cholesterol crystal emboli from ulcerated atherosclerotic p ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Atheroembolic Kidney Disease Atheroembolic renal disease is caused by the occlusion of small arteries in the kidneys by cholesterol crystal emboli from ulcerated atherosclerotic p ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which there is a build up of plaques inside arteries. These plaques are principally composed of l ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which there is a build up of plaques inside arteries. These plaques are principally composed of l ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Behcet Disease Behcet disease, also known as an oculo-orogenital syndrome, is a chronic remitting and relapsing inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Behcet Disease Behcet disease, also known as an oculo-orogenital syndrome, is a chronic remitting and relapsing inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is also known as Bean syndrome. It is a rare syndrome of venous malformations that arise in the skin and gastrointesti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is also known as Bean syndrome. It is a rare syndrome of venous malformations that arise in the skin and gastrointesti ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Budd Chiari Syndrome Hepatic venous outflow obstruction due to any cause except the cardiac ones regardless of the level of obstruction is known as Budd-Chiari syndrome. T ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Budd Chiari Syndrome Hepatic venous outflow obstruction due to any cause except the cardiac ones regardless of the level of obstruction is known as Budd-Chiari syndrome. T ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Buerger Disease Buerger disease is a nonatherosclerotic, progressive, segmental inflammatory disease affecting the small and medium-sized arteries of upper and lower ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Buerger Disease Buerger disease is a nonatherosclerotic, progressive, segmental inflammatory disease affecting the small and medium-sized arteries of upper and lower ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Cancer-associated Thrombosis Cancer-associated thrombosis is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality for cancer patients. It commonly occurs in patients with clinical ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Cancer-associated Thrombosis Cancer-associated thrombosis is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality for cancer patients. It commonly occurs in patients with clinical ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Carotid Artery Dissection Carotid artery dissection is a condition whereby the layers of the carotid artery are spontaneously separated. This potentially compromises blood flow ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Carotid Artery Dissection Carotid artery dissection is a condition whereby the layers of the carotid artery are spontaneously separated. This potentially compromises blood flow ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Carotid Artery Fibromuscular Dysplasia Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) of the carotid artery is a non-atherosclerotic and noninflammatory disease that can lead to stenosis and/or aneurysm of ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Carotid Artery Fibromuscular Dysplasia Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) of the carotid artery is a non-atherosclerotic and noninflammatory disease that can lead to stenosis and/or aneurysm of ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Carotid Artery Stenosis The distinction between hemodynamic and embolic stroke in the setting of chronic internal carotid artery occlusion is important. Embolic symptoms are ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity DO
Carotid Artery Stenosis The distinction between hemodynamic and embolic stroke in the setting of chronic internal carotid artery occlusion is important. Embolic symptoms are ... Read the Article 1.75 20 Activity MD/PA
Carotid Artery Surgery Symptoms of extracranial carotid disease are usually caused by embolization. Arterial emboli account for approximately 25 percent of strokes in Europe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Carotid Artery Surgery Symptoms of extracranial carotid disease are usually caused by embolization. Arterial emboli account for approximately 25 percent of strokes in Europe ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Carotid Bruit A carotid bruit is a vascular sound usually heard with a stethoscope over the carotid artery because of turbulent, non-laminar blood flow through a st ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Carotid Bruit A carotid bruit is a vascular sound usually heard with a stethoscope over the carotid artery because of turbulent, non-laminar blood flow through a st ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Carotid Endarterectomy Atherosclerosis can lead to a build-up of plaque in the carotid artery, causing narrowing and carotid artery disease, which increases the risk for cer ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Carotid Endarterectomy Atherosclerosis can lead to a build-up of plaque in the carotid artery, causing narrowing and carotid artery disease, which increases the risk for cer ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Catheter Directed Thrombolysis Of Pulmonary Embolism Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death in the United States of America. It is one of the most common causes of ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Catheter Directed Thrombolysis Of Pulmonary Embolism Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death in the United States of America. It is one of the most common causes of ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Catheter Management Of Patent Foramen Ovale Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a common abnormality that describes the presence of a small opening between the top two chambers of the heart. Several l ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Catheter Management Of Patent Foramen Ovale Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a common abnormality that describes the presence of a small opening between the top two chambers of the heart. Several l ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Celiac artery compression syndrome is also known as Dunbar syndrome or median arcuate ligament syndrome. It is a rare condition characterized by recur ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Celiac artery compression syndrome is also known as Dunbar syndrome or median arcuate ligament syndrome. It is a rare condition characterized by recur ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Central and Peripheral Cyanosis Peripheral cyanosis is the bluish discoloration of the distal extremities (Hands, fingertips, toes), and can sometimes involve circumoral and periorbi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Central and Peripheral Cyanosis Peripheral cyanosis is the bluish discoloration of the distal extremities (Hands, fingertips, toes), and can sometimes involve circumoral and periorbi ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Central Venous Catheter Central venous catheter insertion is a common and often, necessary procedure for the care of critically ill patients. Central venous access may be att ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Central Venous Catheter Central venous catheter insertion is a common and often, necessary procedure for the care of critically ill patients. Central venous access may be att ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Cerebral Aneurysm Cerebral aneurysms are defined as dilations that occur at weak points along the arterial circulation within the brain. The majority of cerebral aneury ... Read the Article 2.25 33 Activity DO
Cerebral Aneurysm Cerebral aneurysms are defined as dilations that occur at weak points along the arterial circulation within the brain. The majority of cerebral aneury ... Read the Article 2.25 33 Activity MD/PA
Cerebral Cavernous Malformations A cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is an abnormally large collection of "low flow" vascular channels without brain parenchyma intervening between ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Cerebral Cavernous Malformations A cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is an abnormally large collection of "low flow" vascular channels without brain parenchyma intervening between ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), which includes thrombosis of the cerebral veins and the dural sinuses, is a rare disorder that can lead to significa ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), which includes thrombosis of the cerebral veins and the dural sinuses, is a rare disorder that can lead to significa ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Cerebrovascular Disease A stroke, or cerebrovascular accident, is an emergency medical condition characterized by an acute compromise of the cerebral perfusion or vasculature ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Cerebrovascular Disease A stroke, or cerebrovascular accident, is an emergency medical condition characterized by an acute compromise of the cerebral perfusion or vasculature ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Cholesterol Emboli Cholesterol embolization syndrome occurs when atheromatous plaques in large arteries release cholesterol emboli and atheromatous debris into the circu ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Cholesterol Emboli Cholesterol embolization syndrome occurs when atheromatous plaques in large arteries release cholesterol emboli and atheromatous debris into the circu ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Chronic Pain Over one-quarter of United States citizens suffer from chronic pain. It is among the most common complaints seen in an outpatient clinic. The failure ... Read the Article 2.75 44 Activity DO
Chronic Pain Over one-quarter of United States citizens suffer from chronic pain. It is among the most common complaints seen in an outpatient clinic. The failure ... Read the Article 2.75 44 Activity MD/PA
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Vaccine-Induced Immune Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia (VITT) Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), continues to have significant ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Vaccine-Induced Immune Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia (VITT) Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), continues to have significant ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Cystic Hygroma Cystic hygromas are the most common subtype of lymphangiomas, presenting at birth and in early infancy. Enlargement of cystic hygromas is common, and ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Cystic Hygroma Cystic hygromas are the most common subtype of lymphangiomas, presenting at birth and in early infancy. Enlargement of cystic hygromas is common, and ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Deep Venous Thrombosis Ultrasound Evaluation Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common condition for which clinical diagnosis is typically unreliable due to the infrequency of the classic findings ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Deep Venous Thrombosis Ultrasound Evaluation Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common condition for which clinical diagnosis is typically unreliable due to the infrequency of the classic findings ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Dialysis Fistula Dialysis fistula creation is a commonly performed procedure for patients who suffer from the end-stage renal disease who require permanent vascular ac ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Dialysis Fistula Dialysis fistula creation is a commonly performed procedure for patients who suffer from the end-stage renal disease who require permanent vascular ac ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Digit Amputation Digital amputation is often associated with traumatic injuries but is also seen within the elective surgery setting, such as in the case of cancer res ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Digit Amputation Digital amputation is often associated with traumatic injuries but is also seen within the elective surgery setting, such as in the case of cancer res ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Doppler Peripheral Venous Duplex Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation This activity outlines Doppler peripheral venous duplex assessment. It reviews the role of the interprofessional team in evaluating and treating patie ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Doppler Peripheral Venous Duplex Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation This activity outlines Doppler peripheral venous duplex assessment. It reviews the role of the interprofessional team in evaluating and treating patie ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Doppler Renal Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Renal Doppler ultrasound is routinely performed because it is a useful technique for evaluating a wide range of various renal pathologic conditions. A ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Doppler Renal Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Renal Doppler ultrasound is routinely performed because it is a useful technique for evaluating a wide range of various renal pathologic conditions. A ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Duplex Ultrasound Duplex ultrasound is an integral tool for medical diagnosis and therapy. Duplex ultrasonography combines the principles of anatomic and flow ultrasono ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Duplex Ultrasound Duplex ultrasound is an integral tool for medical diagnosis and therapy. Duplex ultrasonography combines the principles of anatomic and flow ultrasono ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Enoxaparin Enoxaparin is low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and was first approved for medical use in 1993 and is derived from heparin. It has approval for the ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Enoxaparin Enoxaparin is low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and was first approved for medical use in 1993 and is derived from heparin. It has approval for the ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Ergotamine/Caffeine The combination of ergotamine and caffeine is a medication used in the management and treatment of acute migraines. It is in the ergot alkaloid class ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Ergotamine/Caffeine The combination of ergotamine and caffeine is a medication used in the management and treatment of acute migraines. It is in the ergot alkaloid class ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Erythema Nodosum Erythema nodosum (EN) is a common acute nodular septal panniculitis, characterized by the sudden onset of erythematous, firm, solid, deep nodules or p ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Erythema Nodosum Erythema nodosum (EN) is a common acute nodular septal panniculitis, characterized by the sudden onset of erythematous, firm, solid, deep nodules or p ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Anticoagulation Thromboembolism formation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a common complication experienced for patients requiring prolonged respiratory ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Anticoagulation Thromboembolism formation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a common complication experienced for patients requiring prolonged respiratory ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Factor V Leiden Mutation Factor V Leiden (FVL) is a point mutation of factor V resulting in an elimination of cleavage site in factor V and factor Va. This genetic defect lead ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Factor V Leiden Mutation Factor V Leiden (FVL) is a point mutation of factor V resulting in an elimination of cleavage site in factor V and factor Va. This genetic defect lead ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Fluoroscopic Angiography Assessment, Protocols, and Interpretation Fluoroscopy-guided angiography is an interventional procedure that provides an assessment of the arterial system via injected contrast material. Myria ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Fluoroscopic Angiography Assessment, Protocols, and Interpretation Fluoroscopy-guided angiography is an interventional procedure that provides an assessment of the arterial system via injected contrast material. Myria ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Fluoroscopic PICC Line Placement Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are a type of central venous catheter that offers the ability to have long-term central venous access. ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Fluoroscopic PICC Line Placement Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are a type of central venous catheter that offers the ability to have long-term central venous access. ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Gangrene Gangrene is tissue damage secondary to infection, ischemia, or both. It is a relatively uncommon condition, and early recognition is essential. Gangre ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Gangrene Gangrene is tissue damage secondary to infection, ischemia, or both. It is a relatively uncommon condition, and early recognition is essential. Gangre ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Glomus Cancer Glomangioma or glomuvenous malformation is a rare cutaneous venous malformation that shows glomus cells (undifferentiated smooth muscle cells which ar ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Glomus Cancer Glomangioma or glomuvenous malformation is a rare cutaneous venous malformation that shows glomus cells (undifferentiated smooth muscle cells which ar ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Hemangioma Hemangiomas, colloquially termed "strawberry marks", are the most common benign tumor of infancy and are caused by endothelial cell proliferation. Con ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity DO
Hemangioma Hemangiomas, colloquially termed "strawberry marks", are the most common benign tumor of infancy and are caused by endothelial cell proliferation. Con ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA
Heparin Unfractionated heparin is an anticoagulant indicated for both the prevention and treatment of thrombotic events such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Heparin Unfractionated heparin is an anticoagulant indicated for both the prevention and treatment of thrombotic events such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
How to Localize Neurologic Lesions by Physical Examination The human brain has a highly complex structure. It contains billions of neurons wired together through trillions of connections. Each portion of the b ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
How to Localize Neurologic Lesions by Physical Examination The human brain has a highly complex structure. It contains billions of neurons wired together through trillions of connections. Each portion of the b ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Hyperbaric Cardiovascular Effects Both the high-pressure environment as well as the hyperoxygenation that is associated with hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) have numerous consequen ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Hyperbaric Cardiovascular Effects Both the high-pressure environment as well as the hyperoxygenation that is associated with hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) have numerous consequen ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Hyperbaric Therapy For Wound Healing The international body that sets the standards for hyperbaric medicine is The Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. There are currently 14 approved ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Hyperbaric Therapy For Wound Healing The international body that sets the standards for hyperbaric medicine is The Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. There are currently 14 approved ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Hypercoagulability Hypercoagulability or thrombophilia is the increased tendency of blood to thrombose. A normal and healthy response to bleeding for maintaining hemosta ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Hypercoagulability Hypercoagulability or thrombophilia is the increased tendency of blood to thrombose. A normal and healthy response to bleeding for maintaining hemosta ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Hyperlipidemia Hyperlipidemia is a term that encompasses various genetic and acquired disorders that describe elevated lipid levels within the body. It is a very com ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity DO
Hyperlipidemia Hyperlipidemia is a term that encompasses various genetic and acquired disorders that describe elevated lipid levels within the body. It is a very com ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA
Inferior Vena Cava Filter Inferior vena cava filters (IVC filters) are indicated as a treatment to prevent pulmonary embolism in a select group of patients that have venous thr ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Inferior Vena Cava Filter Inferior vena cava filters (IVC filters) are indicated as a treatment to prevent pulmonary embolism in a select group of patients that have venous thr ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Inferior Vena Cava Syndrome Inferior vena cava syndrome (IVCS) is caused by physical invasion or compression by a pathological process or by thrombosis within the vein itself. Th ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity DO
Inferior Vena Cava Syndrome Inferior vena cava syndrome (IVCS) is caused by physical invasion or compression by a pathological process or by thrombosis within the vein itself. Th ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA
Inferior Vena Caval Thrombosis Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is a disease associated with high morbidity. Although the condition is considered rare, case reports have shown th ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Inferior Vena Caval Thrombosis Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is a disease associated with high morbidity. Although the condition is considered rare, case reports have shown th ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Infrainguinal Occlusive Disease Infra inguinal occlusive diseases are amongst the commonest vascular diseases, worldwide. This activity outlines the evaluation, treatment and managem ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Infrainguinal Occlusive Disease Infra inguinal occlusive diseases are amongst the commonest vascular diseases, worldwide. This activity outlines the evaluation, treatment and managem ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Intermittent Claudication Intermittent claudication (IC) typically refers to lower extremity skeletal muscle pain that occurs during exercise. IC presents when there is insuffi ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Intermittent Claudication Intermittent claudication (IC) typically refers to lower extremity skeletal muscle pain that occurs during exercise. IC presents when there is insuffi ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis Internal jugular vein thrombosis occurs when a thrombus develops in the lumen of the internal jugular vein (IJV). Hereditary and acquired risk factors ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis Internal jugular vein thrombosis occurs when a thrombus develops in the lumen of the internal jugular vein (IJV). Hereditary and acquired risk factors ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Ischemic Stroke Cerebrovascular accidents, commonly known as strokes, are prevalent across patient populations and can be a significant cause of morbidity and mortali ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity DO
Ischemic Stroke Cerebrovascular accidents, commonly known as strokes, are prevalent across patient populations and can be a significant cause of morbidity and mortali ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA
Klippel Trenaunay Weber Syndrome Klippel Trenaunay syndrome is cutaneous vascular malformation syndrome involving a triad of capillary and venous malformation and limb hypertrophy. Th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Klippel Trenaunay Weber Syndrome Klippel Trenaunay syndrome is cutaneous vascular malformation syndrome involving a triad of capillary and venous malformation and limb hypertrophy. Th ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Left Renal Vein Obstruction Left renal vein obstruction, also known as Nutcracker phenomenon (NCP), occurs due to the external compression of the left renal vein (LRV) in between ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Left Renal Vein Obstruction Left renal vein obstruction, also known as Nutcracker phenomenon (NCP), occurs due to the external compression of the left renal vein (LRV) in between ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Lemierre Syndrome Lemierre syndrome (LS) is a rare complication of bacterial pharyngitis/tonsillitis and involves an extension of the infection into the lateral pharyng ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Lemierre Syndrome Lemierre syndrome (LS) is a rare complication of bacterial pharyngitis/tonsillitis and involves an extension of the infection into the lateral pharyng ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Leriche Syndrome Leriche Syndrome also commonly referred to as aortoiliac occlusive disease, is caused by severe atherosclerosis affecting the distal abdominal aorta, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Leriche Syndrome Leriche Syndrome also commonly referred to as aortoiliac occlusive disease, is caused by severe atherosclerosis affecting the distal abdominal aorta, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a cutaneous, small-vessel vasculitis of the dermal capillaries and venules. This condition can be idiopathic or can be ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a cutaneous, small-vessel vasculitis of the dermal capillaries and venules. This condition can be idiopathic or can be ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Lipedema American physician Allen and Hines described an abnormal deposition of adipose tissue affecting females in the 1940s in a Mayo clinic termed lipedema. ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Lipedema American physician Allen and Hines described an abnormal deposition of adipose tissue affecting females in the 1940s in a Mayo clinic termed lipedema. ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
May-Thurner Syndrome May-Thurner syndrome (MTS), described in 1957 by Dr. May and Dr. Thurner, as a left common iliac vein (LCIV) thrombosis secondary to compression by an ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
May-Thurner Syndrome May-Thurner syndrome (MTS), described in 1957 by Dr. May and Dr. Thurner, as a left common iliac vein (LCIV) thrombosis secondary to compression by an ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Median Nerve Injury This activity reviews the evaluation and treatment of an injury to the median nerve and highlights the role of the healthcare team in managing patien ... Read the Article 1.75 22 Activity DO
Median Nerve Injury This activity reviews the evaluation and treatment of an injury to the median nerve and highlights the role of the healthcare team in managing patien ... Read the Article 1.75 22 Activity MD/PA
Mondor Disease Initially described in 1939 by Henri Mondor, Mondor disease classically describes a syndrome of sclerosing superficial thrombophlebitis of the veins o ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Mondor Disease Initially described in 1939 by Henri Mondor, Mondor disease classically describes a syndrome of sclerosing superficial thrombophlebitis of the veins o ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Moyamoya Disease Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an isolated chronic, usually bilateral, vasculopathy of undetermined etiology characterized by progressive narrowing of the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Moyamoya Disease Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an isolated chronic, usually bilateral, vasculopathy of undetermined etiology characterized by progressive narrowing of the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Mycotic Aneurysm A mycotic aneurysm is an infection of vessel wall which can be bacterial, fungal, or viral in origin; they are a rare but severe complication of syste ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Mycotic Aneurysm A mycotic aneurysm is an infection of vessel wall which can be bacterial, fungal, or viral in origin; they are a rare but severe complication of syste ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Nuclear Medicine Pediatric Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Nuclear medicine and other radiological techniques impart some ionizing radiation exposure to patients. Within the pediatric population, the disease d ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity DO
Nuclear Medicine Pediatric Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Nuclear medicine and other radiological techniques impart some ionizing radiation exposure to patients. Within the pediatric population, the disease d ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity MD/PA
Nutcracker Syndrome Nutcracker syndrome is a venous compression syndrome involving the left renal vein. It is an uncommon, although possibly underdiagnosed, condition tha ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Nutcracker Syndrome Nutcracker syndrome is a venous compression syndrome involving the left renal vein. It is an uncommon, although possibly underdiagnosed, condition tha ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Paget Schroetter Syndrome Paget Schroetter syndrome (PSS) is effort-induced thrombosis of the axillary and subclavian veins associated with compression of the subclavian vein a ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Paget Schroetter Syndrome Paget Schroetter syndrome (PSS) is effort-induced thrombosis of the axillary and subclavian veins associated with compression of the subclavian vein a ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Paradoxical Embolism Paradoxical embolism is an uncommon cause for acute arterial occlusion. Paradoxical Embolism (PDE) occurs when a thrombus crosses an intracardiac def ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Paradoxical Embolism Paradoxical embolism is an uncommon cause for acute arterial occlusion. Paradoxical Embolism (PDE) occurs when a thrombus crosses an intracardiac def ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Pentoxifylline Pentoxifylline is a drug used in the management of peripheral vascular disease. It is a xanthine derivative. This activity outlines the mechanism of a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Pentoxifylline Pentoxifylline is a drug used in the management of peripheral vascular disease. It is a xanthine derivative. This activity outlines the mechanism of a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Balloon Catheters Angioplasty is performed to treat atherosclerotic disease and its resultant complications such as myocardial infarction, strokes, renal failure, and l ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Balloon Catheters Angioplasty is performed to treat atherosclerotic disease and its resultant complications such as myocardial infarction, strokes, renal failure, and l ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Peripheral Arterial Disease Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a circulatory problem causing a reduced blood flow through the arteries. This typically reduces blood flow to the ... Read the Article 1.75 23 Activity DO
Peripheral Arterial Disease Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a circulatory problem causing a reduced blood flow through the arteries. This typically reduces blood flow to the ... Read the Article 1.75 23 Activity MD/PA
Peripheral Edema Peripheral edema is a very common finding in daily medical practice both in outpatient and inpatient settings. It can vary from benign condition to se ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Peripheral Edema Peripheral edema is a very common finding in daily medical practice both in outpatient and inpatient settings. It can vary from benign condition to se ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Peripheral Vascular Bypass Peripheral vascular bypass (PVB) refers to surgical revision of blood flow to restore perfusion distal to an occluded or otherwise disrupted arterial ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Peripheral Vascular Bypass Peripheral vascular bypass (PVB) refers to surgical revision of blood flow to restore perfusion distal to an occluded or otherwise disrupted arterial ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and limb loss in the United States. An early identification and risk factor modifica ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and limb loss in the United States. An early identification and risk factor modifica ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Phlegmasia Alba And Cerulea Dolens Phlegmasia alba dolens (PAD) and phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) are uncommon conditions that result from acute, massive venous thromboembolism. These ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Phlegmasia Alba And Cerulea Dolens Phlegmasia alba dolens (PAD) and phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) are uncommon conditions that result from acute, massive venous thromboembolism. These ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Polyarteritis Nodosa Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis first described in 1866 by Adolph Kussmaul and Rudolph Maier. It typically affects med ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Polyarteritis Nodosa Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis first described in 1866 by Adolph Kussmaul and Rudolph Maier. It typically affects med ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Popliteal Artery Aneurysm A popliteal artery aneurysm is defined as a focal dilation in the artery, with the largest diameter being more than 50% of the normal. These focal dil ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Popliteal Artery Aneurysm A popliteal artery aneurysm is defined as a focal dilation in the artery, with the largest diameter being more than 50% of the normal. These focal dil ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome The rare clinical manifestation of Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome (PAES) was defined approximately 40 years ago. It has a preference for young t ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome The rare clinical manifestation of Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome (PAES) was defined approximately 40 years ago. It has a preference for young t ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Porcelain Aorta Porcelain aorta (PA) is a structural aortic wall disease characterized by extensive heavy calcification of the ascending thoracic aorta extending to t ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Porcelain Aorta Porcelain aorta (PA) is a structural aortic wall disease characterized by extensive heavy calcification of the ascending thoracic aorta extending to t ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Post Acute Coronavirus (COVID-19) Syndrome COVID-19 is primarily a respiratory viral illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. Based on the broad-spectrum clinical manifestations associated with the invol ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Post Acute Coronavirus (COVID-19) Syndrome COVID-19 is primarily a respiratory viral illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. Based on the broad-spectrum clinical manifestations associated with the invol ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Protein S Deficiency Protein S deficiency is a rare but serious condition that can be congenital or acquired. Patients with this condition have a higher propensity to deve ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Protein S Deficiency Protein S deficiency is a rare but serious condition that can be congenital or acquired. Patients with this condition have a higher propensity to deve ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Pulmonary Infarction Pulmonary infarction (PI) is usually a complication of another primary disease state, most commonly a pulmonary embolism (PE). The broad differential ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Pulmonary Infarction Pulmonary infarction (PI) is usually a complication of another primary disease state, most commonly a pulmonary embolism (PE). The broad differential ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Raynaud Disease In response to cold temperatures, the body adapts by restricting blood flow to the skin. This is done as a thermoregulating mechanism to prevent furth ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Raynaud Disease In response to cold temperatures, the body adapts by restricting blood flow to the skin. This is done as a thermoregulating mechanism to prevent furth ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Renal Artery Thrombosis Renal artery thrombosis is a rare pathology that may be overlooked when evaluating impaired renal function. It is the formation of a blood clot in one ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Renal Artery Thrombosis Renal artery thrombosis is a rare pathology that may be overlooked when evaluating impaired renal function. It is the formation of a blood clot in one ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Renovascular Hypertension Renovascular hypertension is one of the most common causes of secondary hypertension. It is mostly due to the narrowing of blood vessels in the kidney ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Renovascular Hypertension Renovascular hypertension is one of the most common causes of secondary hypertension. It is mostly due to the narrowing of blood vessels in the kidney ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Rivaroxaban Rivaroxaban is used to treat and manage venous thromboembolism as a postoperative thromboprophylaxis for patients undergoing orthopedic surgery to pre ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Rivaroxaban Rivaroxaban is used to treat and manage venous thromboembolism as a postoperative thromboprophylaxis for patients undergoing orthopedic surgery to pre ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Rotation Vertebral Artery Syndrome Rotational vertebral artery syndrome, or "bow hunter syndrome," is a very rare diagnosis that is easily missed. Furthermore, symptoms are very nonspec ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Rotation Vertebral Artery Syndrome Rotational vertebral artery syndrome, or "bow hunter syndrome," is a very rare diagnosis that is easily missed. Furthermore, symptoms are very nonspec ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Secondary Hypertension Secondary hypertension is elevated blood pressure (BP), which is secondary to an identifiable cause. This activity outlines the causes, history, and p ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Secondary Hypertension Secondary hypertension is elevated blood pressure (BP), which is secondary to an identifiable cause. This activity outlines the causes, history, and p ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Sonography Abdominal Vascular Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Abdominal vascular sonography is performed to evaluate major abdominal vessels for pathologies such as dissection, aneurysm, or venous thromboembolism ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Sonography Abdominal Vascular Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Abdominal vascular sonography is performed to evaluate major abdominal vessels for pathologies such as dissection, aneurysm, or venous thromboembolism ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Sonography Vascular And Lymphatic Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Vascular sonography is a generalized term defined by assessment of the venous and arterial system via the use of sound waves. Some of the more commonl ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Sonography Vascular And Lymphatic Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Vascular sonography is a generalized term defined by assessment of the venous and arterial system via the use of sound waves. Some of the more commonl ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Sonography Vascular Peripheral Arterial Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Peripheral arterial disease is a common condition with a significant burden on patient morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. Duplex ultrasound of ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Sonography Vascular Peripheral Arterial Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Peripheral arterial disease is a common condition with a significant burden on patient morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. Duplex ultrasound of ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Sonography Vascular Peripheral Vein Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Acute DVT and chronic venous disease are common conditions with a significant burden on patient morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. Duplex ultr ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Sonography Vascular Peripheral Vein Assessment, Protocols, And Interpretation Acute DVT and chronic venous disease are common conditions with a significant burden on patient morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. Duplex ultr ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Stewart-Treves Syndrome Stewart-Treves syndrome is a condition of development of lymphangiosarcoma as a complication of chronic, long-standing lymphedema. Although the majori ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Stewart-Treves Syndrome Stewart-Treves syndrome is a condition of development of lymphangiosarcoma as a complication of chronic, long-standing lymphedema. Although the majori ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Stroke Anticoagulation Anticoagulation is a class of medications used in the management and prevention of stroke. This activity outlines the role, indications, action, and c ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Stroke Anticoagulation Anticoagulation is a class of medications used in the management and prevention of stroke. This activity outlines the role, indications, action, and c ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Subarachnoid hemorrhages are life-threatening and result from the accumulation of blood between the arachnoid and pia mater. The incidence of subarach ... Read the Article 2 30 Activity DO
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Subarachnoid hemorrhages are life-threatening and result from the accumulation of blood between the arachnoid and pia mater. The incidence of subarach ... Read the Article 2 30 Activity MD/PA
Subclavian Artery Stenosis Subclavian artery stenosis is a form of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). It may present with transient episodes of vertigo and circulatory symptoms ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Subclavian Artery Stenosis Subclavian artery stenosis is a form of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). It may present with transient episodes of vertigo and circulatory symptoms ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Subclavian Artery Thrombosis Subclavian artery thrombosis is a common condition that is felt to be underdiagnosed. It involved obstruction of blood flow through the subclavian art ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Subclavian Artery Thrombosis Subclavian artery thrombosis is a common condition that is felt to be underdiagnosed. It involved obstruction of blood flow through the subclavian art ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Subclavian Steal Syndrome Subclavian steal syndrome (SSS), now termed subclavian-vertebral artery steal syndrome, refers to the diversion of blood flow away from its normal tar ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Subclavian Steal Syndrome Subclavian steal syndrome (SSS), now termed subclavian-vertebral artery steal syndrome, refers to the diversion of blood flow away from its normal tar ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA
Subclavian Vein Thrombosis Subclavian vein thrombosis occurs due to either a primary etiology or a secondary etiology. It requires a thorough history and physical exam for diagn ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Subclavian Vein Thrombosis Subclavian vein thrombosis occurs due to either a primary etiology or a secondary etiology. It requires a thorough history and physical exam for diagn ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Superficial Thrombophlebitis Superficial thrombophlebitis, increasingly known as superficial venous thrombosis, is no longer considered a benign entity. It is often associated wit ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Superficial Thrombophlebitis Superficial thrombophlebitis, increasingly known as superficial venous thrombosis, is no longer considered a benign entity. It is often associated wit ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis (pulseless disease) is a systemic inflammatory condition characterized by damage to the large and medium arteries and their branche ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis (pulseless disease) is a systemic inflammatory condition characterized by damage to the large and medium arteries and their branche ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Temporal Arteritis Temporal arteritis (TA), also called giant cell arteritis (GCA) or cranial arteritis, is a systemic inflammatory vasculitis of medium and large-sized ... Read the Article 2 27 Activity DO
Temporal Arteritis Temporal arteritis (TA), also called giant cell arteritis (GCA) or cranial arteritis, is a systemic inflammatory vasculitis of medium and large-sized ... Read the Article 2 27 Activity MD/PA
Thrombectomy Thrombectomy involves removing a clot from a blood vessel, most commonly from the brain, heart, or lungs. Stroke and myocardial infarction remain two ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity DO
Thrombectomy Thrombectomy involves removing a clot from a blood vessel, most commonly from the brain, heart, or lungs. Stroke and myocardial infarction remain two ... Read the Article 1 3 Activity MD/PA
Thromboembolic Event Venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease is the most feared complication of hospitalizations and is associated with a high degree of morbidity and mortalit ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Thromboembolic Event Venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease is the most feared complication of hospitalizations and is associated with a high degree of morbidity and mortalit ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Thrombosed Popliteal Aneurysm Popliteal artery aneurysms are true aneurysms as they involve all layers of the arterial wall. Aneurysmal dilation of the popliteal artery is defined ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Thrombosed Popliteal Aneurysm Popliteal artery aneurysms are true aneurysms as they involve all layers of the arterial wall. Aneurysmal dilation of the popliteal artery is defined ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Transient Ischemic Attack A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a medical emergency. It is defined as a transient episode of neurologic dysfunction due to focal brain, spinal co ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity DO
Transient Ischemic Attack A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a medical emergency. It is defined as a transient episode of neurologic dysfunction due to focal brain, spinal co ... Read the Article 1.25 8 Activity MD/PA
Varicose Vein Endovenous Laser Therapy Endovenous laser ablation is used in the treatment and management of varicose veins from chronic venous disease. The main indication for this treatmen ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Varicose Vein Endovenous Laser Therapy Endovenous laser ablation is used in the treatment and management of varicose veins from chronic venous disease. The main indication for this treatmen ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Varicose Veins Venous reflux, also known as chronic venous insufficiency, is a common condition and usually the underlying cause of varicose veins, reticular veins, ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity DO
Varicose Veins Venous reflux, also known as chronic venous insufficiency, is a common condition and usually the underlying cause of varicose veins, reticular veins, ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA
Varicose Veins Radiofrequency Ablation Therapy Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive technique for treating superficial venous insufficiency causing varicose veins and chronic venous dise ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Varicose Veins Radiofrequency Ablation Therapy Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive technique for treating superficial venous insufficiency causing varicose veins and chronic venous dise ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Vascular Access Closure Devices Angiography is currently one of the most common procedures performed across many specialties including diagnostic and interventional cardiology, vascu ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity DO
Vascular Access Closure Devices Angiography is currently one of the most common procedures performed across many specialties including diagnostic and interventional cardiology, vascu ... Read the Article 1 4 Activity MD/PA
Vascular Tunneled Central Catheter Access In contrast to non-tunneled central venous catheters (CVCs), subcutaneously tunneled CVCs travel under the skin, away from the point of venous entry, ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity DO
Vascular Tunneled Central Catheter Access In contrast to non-tunneled central venous catheters (CVCs), subcutaneously tunneled CVCs travel under the skin, away from the point of venous entry, ... Read the Article 1.25 6 Activity MD/PA
Vein Graft Stenosis The long-term patency and success of venous grafts in bypass surgery remains a challenge due to a variety of complications, such as the accelerated ra ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Vein Graft Stenosis The long-term patency and success of venous grafts in bypass surgery remains a challenge due to a variety of complications, such as the accelerated ra ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Venous Leg Ulcer Venous leg ulcers are late manifestations of chronic venous insufficiency that can cause disability and serious complications. The elderly are more co ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity DO
Venous Leg Ulcer Venous leg ulcers are late manifestations of chronic venous insufficiency that can cause disability and serious complications. The elderly are more co ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA
Venous Stenting Venous stenting is recognized as a possible treatment to help assist patients with symptomatic iliocaval venous obstruction as an alternative to tradi ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity DO
Venous Stenting Venous stenting is recognized as a possible treatment to help assist patients with symptomatic iliocaval venous obstruction as an alternative to tradi ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA
Ventricular Aneurysm A left ventricular aneurysm is one of the worst complications after acute myocardial infarction. The natural course leading to the formation of a vent ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity DO
Ventricular Aneurysm A left ventricular aneurysm is one of the worst complications after acute myocardial infarction. The natural course leading to the formation of a vent ... Read the Article 1.25 7 Activity MD/PA
Vertebral Artery Dissection Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is a rare cause of stroke in the general population, but one of the more common causes of stroke in patients younger ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity DO
Vertebral Artery Dissection Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is a rare cause of stroke in the general population, but one of the more common causes of stroke in patients younger ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA
Warfarin Warfarin is a medication used in the prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis and thromboembolic events. It is in the anticoagulant class of dru ... Read the Article 2 26 Activity DO
Warfarin Warfarin is a medication used in the prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis and thromboembolic events. It is in the anticoagulant class of dru ... Read the Article 2 26 Activity MD/PA
Wound Assessment A wound is damage or disruption of the skin, and, before treatment, the exact cause, location, and type of wound must be assessed to provide appropria ... Read the Article 2 28 Activity DO
Wound Assessment A wound is damage or disruption of the skin, and, before treatment, the exact cause, location, and type of wound must be assessed to provide appropria ... Read the Article 2 28 Activity MD/PA
Wyburn-Mason Syndrome Wyburn-Mason syndrome is a rare nonhereditary congenital phakomatoses which presents with multiple arteriovenous malformations that tend to be large a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity DO
Wyburn-Mason Syndrome Wyburn-Mason syndrome is a rare nonhereditary congenital phakomatoses which presents with multiple arteriovenous malformations that tend to be large a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA

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