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Pathology-Laboratory Medicine

Pathology-Laboratory Medicine

Stay up to date on the latest medical knowledge with this Pathology-Laboratory Medicine activity. In this online self-assessment activity, you'll read our reference articles and test your knowledge with 671 activities in Pathology-Laboratory Medicine for 636.5 total CME hours.


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1 Year Unlimited Physician MD/DO/PA CME

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Featured Article Activities

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Viral Arthritis

Acute-onset polyarticular arthritis is the most common presentation of viral arthritis. The most commonly implicated vir ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Angioedema

Angioedema is non-pitting edema that involves subcutaneous and/or submucosal layers of tissue that affects the face, lip ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Arbovirus Encephalitides

Arboviruses refer to a diverse group of viruses that are transmitted via mosquitos, ticks, or sandflies and are capable ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Ebola Virus

The Ebola virus is a contagious, lethal virus causing hemorrhagic fever. A recent epidemic in Western Africa lasted thre ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Splenic Sequestration Crisis

Young children with sickle cell anemia are at risk for acute splenic sequestration crises. These occur when an excessive ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Morphea

Morphea, also called localized scleroderma, is a rare inflammatory skin condition that can also affect the subcutaneous ...
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Hours: 0.75

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Pathology-Laboratory Medicine Activities

Title Description Hours Questions
3,4-Methylenedioxy-Methamphetamine This activity reviews the class 1 drug 3,4 - methylenedioxymethamphetamine, also known as MDMA, Ecstacy or Molly. The drug is known to promote a sens ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Abacavir Abacavir is an approved nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection in combination with ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acalculous Cholecystitis Acalculous cholecystitis is a hypokinetic condition of gallbladder emptying. It often presents as an acute ailment (acute cholecystitis), but it can a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acetaminophen Toxicity Acetaminophen toxicity is the second most common cause of liver transplantation worldwide and the most common cause of liver transplantation in the US ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acoustic Neuroma Acoustic neuromas are tumors that develop from the sheath of Schwann cells. They tend to occupy the cerebellopontine angle and are usually found adjac ... Read the Article 1.25 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acquired Hemophilia Acquired hemophilia is an uncommon but severe bleeding disorder. It is caused by the development of autoantibodies directed against one of the antihem ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA) is a late and chronic manifestation of Lyme borreliosis. If untreated, ACA progresses from an early inflamma ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acrodermatitis Enteropathica Acrodermatitis enteropathica is a rare skin disorder associated with zinc deficiency that is most often seen in infants. Zinc is a very important micr ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acrokeratoelastoidosis Acrokeratoelastoidosis is a rare, benign, and generally asymptomatic condition that usually begins in childhood and is characterized by flesh-colored ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acrokeratosis Paraneoplastica Bazex syndrome, also known as acrokeratosis paraneoplastica or acrokeratosis neoplastica syndrome is a rare, acral psoriasiform dermatosis associated ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acromegaly Acromegaly is a disorder caused by excessive production of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland, resulting in excessive growth of body tis ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Actinic Cheilitis Actinic cheilitis is a precancerous lesion that forms most commonly on the lower lip. Similar to actinic keratosis, actinic cheilitis can undergo mali ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Activated Charcoal An oral suspension of activated charcoal should be considered in poisonings when gastrointestinal decontamination of an ingested toxin is indicated. A ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Active Tuberculosis Active tuberculosis is a condition in which Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes infection; typically in the lungs, although many systems can be involved ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Eclampsia Eclampsia is a pregnancy-related disorder that manifests as new onset generalized tonic colonic seizures. Typically eclampsia occurs after gestational ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Headache Headache is a nearly universal complaint. Most headaches are benign, and the majority of patients can be safely treated and discharged with minimal wo ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Intermittent Porphyria Acute intermittent porphyria is a rare autosomal dominant disease, characterized by a deficiency of hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS). It presents w ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a malignancy of B or T lymphoblasts characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal, immature lymphocytes ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common leukemia among the adult population and accounts for about 80% of all cases. It is characterized by cl ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is a rapidly destructive, non-communicable microbial disease of the gingiva in the context of an impair ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is the leading cause of gastrointestinal-related hospitalization in the United States, and its frequency continues to rise in the ... Read the Article 2 35 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Acute promyelocytic leukemia is a distinguished subset of acute myeloid leukemia which is characterized by fusion gene transcript PML-RAR-alpha and hi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Pulmonary Embolism Acute pulmonary embolism is a common clinical condition with a variable clinical presentation, making its diagnosis challenging. This activity outline ... Read the Article 2 30 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Acute Renal Tubular Necrosis The most common intrinsic cause of acute kidney injury is acute tubular necrosis. Acute tubular necrosis is most common in hospitalized patients and c ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adalimumab Adalimumab is a fully human, high-affinity, recombinant anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha monoclonal antibody, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Addiction The laymen's definition of addiction is a "fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity." Medically it is a "chro ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Addison Disease Though Addison disease is a relatively rare condition, it can have devastating consequences if not diagnosed and managed appropriately. Often the insi ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Addisonian Crisis An Addisonian crisis, or adrenal crisis, is a potentially life-threatening condition that results from an acute insufficiency of adrenal hormones (glu ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adenopathy Lymphadenopathy is a common abnormal finding during the course of the physical exam in general medical practice. Adenopathy can be caused by neoplasm, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adenoviruses The adenoviruses are DNA viruses common in animals and humans, occurring frequently in both adults and children. There are more than 100 serologically ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adrenal Insufficiency Adrenal glands produce hormones which are necessary for normal body functioning, deficiency of these hormones is called adrenal insufficiency. Adrenal ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adrenal Metastasis Adrenal metastases are the most common malignant lesions involving the adrenal gland and the second most common tumor of the adrenal gland after benig ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adrenoleukodystrophy Adrenoleukodystrophy is a peroxisomal disorder resulting from abnormal metabolism of the very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA). It is classified into di ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adult Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is characterized by uncontrolled hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and increased body ketone concentration. It is a life- ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Adult T Cell Leukemia Adult T- cell leukemia (ATL) is a rare and aggressive peripheral T-cell neoplasm associated with human T-cell leukemia virus type -1 (HTLV-1) infectio ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is a cardiac disease caused by chronic alcohol consumption. It is characterized by ventricular dilation and impairment ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alcoholic Liver Disease The first stage of alcoholic liver disease is hepatic steatosis, which involves the accumulation of small fat droplets under liver cells approaching t ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alcoholic Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is defined as inflammation of the pancreas, leading to damage and dysfunction of the retroperitoneal organ. It can be classified as Acute ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
ALK Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALK(-) ALCL) is an uncommon CD30-positive T-cell lymphoma that presents a major diagnostic challenge. It ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a common fungal infection in uncontrolled asthmatics, cystic fibrosis patients, and immunocompromise ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Mutation Alpha-1 antitrypsin is a protease inhibitor produced primarily in the liver. It inhibits the neutrophil elastase activity in the lung and hence can pr ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alpha Thalassemia Hemoglobin H disease (alpha-thalassemia) can be found in patients that live in areas with a high incidence of malaria. Symptoms at presentation, such ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alport Syndrome Alport syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by kidney disease, loss of hearing, and eye abnormalities. It takes place due to an abnormality o ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Aluminum Hydroxide Aluminum hydroxide is a medication used in the management and treatment of acid indigestion. It is in the antacid class of drugs. This activity outlin ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Alveolar Proteinosis Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease characterized by an accumulation of a lipoproteinaceous material within the alveoli. It can be idiopa ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Amebic Colitis Amebic colitis is the result of invasive infection of the colonic mucosa by Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica). Losch first reported disease due t ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Amniotic Fluid Embolism Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare entity, but one which has very high mortality and morbidity rates. This article will explain the clinical pres ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ampullary Cancer Ampullary cancer arises from ampulla of Vater terminal to the confluence of the distal common bile duct (CBD) and the pancreatic duct. It is important ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Analgesic Nephropathy Analgesic nephropathy is chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis caused by chronic use of analgesics such as acetaminophen, aspirin, and NSAIDs as the pr ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anaplasma Phagocytophilum Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a gram-negative intracellular bacteria that causes an acute febrile illness known as anaplasmosis or human granulocytic a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a common etiology of sexual developmental disorders and results in varying phenotypes. These disorders of and ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angioedema Angioedema is non-pitting edema that involves subcutaneous and/or submucosal layers of tissue that affects the face, lips, neck, and extremities, oral ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angiokeratoma Circumscriptum Angiokeratomas are a group of capillary malformations characterized by vascular ectasias of the papillary dermis associated with hyperkeratosis, papil ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angiostrongylus Cantonensis Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a metastrongyloid nematode that is one of the most common pathogens to cause eosinophilic meningitis. Commonly referred ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angiotensin II Angiotensin is a peptide endocrine hormone and an important part of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, an inter-related endocrine system import ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Angular Chelitis Angular cheilitis describes an inflammatory skin process of variable etiology occurring at the labial commissure, the angle of the mouth. It is usuall ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the axial spine. Chronic back pain and progressive spinal stiffness are the most common f ... Read the Article 2 34 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia nervosa is defined by a restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, which leads to significantly low body weight. Patients with th ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotics are powerful drugs that are used to combat once fatal diseases. As with any powerful medication, antibiotics carry a wide range of adverse ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Antibody Deficiency Disorder Antibody deficiency disorders may present soon after birth with recurrent infections. Normal individuals have 5 classes of immunoglobulins and several ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anticoagulation This activity reviews the general principles in anticoagulation therapy, with highlights on the different types, indications, and perioperative impact ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Antimalarial Medications When treating patients suspected of having malaria, it is essential that treatment does not initiate until the diagnosis of malaria has been establish ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis Anti NMDAR encephalitis is a relatively common autoimmune encephalitis characterized by complex neuropsychiatric features and the presence of Immunogl ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Aplastic Anemia Aplastic anemia refers to the syndrome of chronic primary hematopoietic failure from injury leading to diminished or absent hematopoietic precursors i ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Appendicitis Appendicitis is the inflammation of the vermiform appendix. It typically presents acutely, within 24 hours of onset, but can also present as a more ch ... Read the Article 1.5 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arbovirus Encephalitides Arboviruses refer to a diverse group of viruses that are transmitted via mosquitos, ticks, or sandflies and are capable of causing a wide range of dis ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arcanobacterium Haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum is a rare infectious pathogen that principally causes pharyngitis in adolescents and soft-tissue infections in immunocomp ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arginase Deficiency Argininemia is an autosomal recessive disorder causing hyperammonemia secondary to arginine accumulation. It is a disorder first noticed in children w ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arsenic Toxicity Arsenic poisoning is a global health issue affecting millions of people worldwide through environmental and occupational exposure, as well as intentio ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arsenical Keratosis Arsenical keratosis is an important cutaneous manifestation of chronic arsenic toxicity (CAT). As it is a common presenting complaint of CAT and a pre ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arthritis Arthritis is defined as an acute or chronic joint inflammation in the joint. Arthritis may attribute to a wide variety of symptoms that include pain, ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Arthrocentesis Arthrocentesis is a procedure that is performed to obtain synovial fluid from within a joint capsule, both for diagnostic and for therapeutic purposes ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ascites Ascites is the pathologic accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity. It is the most common complication of cirrhosis and occurs in about 50% ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Aseptic Meningitis Aseptic meningitis is an umbrella term for all of the causes of inflammation of the brain meninges that have negative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) bacter ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Aspergillosis Aspergillosis is a disease caused by the fungus Aspergillus. It mostly occurs in the form of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA), aspergilloma or al ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ataxia Telangiectasia Ataxia telangiectasia (Louis-Bar Syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by cutaneous telangiectasias, cerebellar atrophy with ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atrial Myxoma Myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumor. It is estimated that more than 75% of myxomas originate in the left atrium either at the mitral ann ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is a pathology finding, usually found incidentally on biopsy of the breast. ADH is associated with an increased risk ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Mycobacterial Disease Atypical mycobacteria or nontuberculous mycobacteria are organisms that cause a variety of diseases such as skin and soft tissue infection, lymphadeni ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) is a category of cervical epithelial cell abnormalities described by the Bethesda system ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Auto-brewery Syndrome Auto-brewery syndrome or gut fermentation syndrome is a condition in which ethanol is produced through endogenous fermentation by fungi or bacteria in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autoimmune And Chronic Neutropenia Neutropenia is a decreased number of neutrophils less than 1500/microliter and can be idiopathic, congenital, autoimmune, and cyclic types. Those last ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Autoimmune Hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis refers to a chronic and progressive inflammation of the liver from an unknown cause. Proposed mechanism for the development of au ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Avian Influenza Avian influenza is a deadly disease caused by infection from an influenza virus native to birds. While often not fatal in birds, it can carry a high m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacterial Meningitis Bacterial meningitis is an infection of the meninges that results in inflammation. It is a serious and life-threatening condition that requires prompt ... Read the Article 1.5 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacterial Pneumonia The word "pneumonia" originates from the ancient Greek word "pneumon," which means "lung," so the word "pneumonia" becomes "lung disease." Medically i ... Read the Article 1.75 26 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacterial Sepsis Bacterial sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to an infection injures its tissues and organs. Sepsis is caused ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bacteroides Fragilis The human colon possesses the largest population of bacteria in the body, and the majority of these organisms are anaerobes; of these, about 25 percen ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Barrett Esophagus Barrett esophagus (BE) is a pre-malignant condition characterized by conversion of the normal esophageal squamous epithelium into metaplastic columnar ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bartter Syndrome Bartter syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder of salt reabsorption resulting in extracellular fluid volume depletion with low/normal blood press ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Basal Cell Carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma is the most common cutaneous malignancy, affecting close to one in five Americans. Although rarely fatal, basal cell carcinoma ca ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Basophilia Basophils are typically the least numerous myeloid cells seen in a peripheral blood smear. Their numerous dark azurophilic granules easily distinguish ... Read the Article 0.75 3 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Becker Muscular Dystrophy Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder due to mutation in the Dystrophin gene that results in progressive muscle degenerati ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Beeturia Beeturia is the discoloration of urine following the consumption of beets or foods colored with beetroot. The typical color can range from pink to dee ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Benign Florid Vascular Proliferation Mimicking Vascular Neoplasm Florid vascular proliferation (FVP) is a benign pseudo-neoplastic reactive proliferation of small vessels in the colon, which can mimic other benign o ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Benign Mesothelioma Mesotheliomas represent a proliferative neoplasm made up of epithelial and mesenchymal cells of the mesothelium which make up part of the serosal cove ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bernard Soulier Syndrome Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a rare inherited blood clotting disorder that is characterized by unusually giant platelet cells, thrombocytopenia, and pr ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Biliary Tract Cholangiocarcinoma The diagnosis and management of cholangiocarcinoma are challenging and complex. To achieve good results and provide appropriate patient care, the trea ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Biologic Response Modifiers (BRMs) Biologic response modifiers (BRMs), also known as immunomodulators, are the class of medications that target the disease-causing mechanism. They are u ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Biotin Deficiency Biotin is a B-complex vitamin that serves as an essential coenzyme for five carboxylases: pyruvate carboxylase, 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, prop ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Biotinidase Deficiency Biotin acts as a coenzyme for four carboxylation enzymes in the body: 3-methylcrontonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCC), pyruvate carboxylase (PC), acetyl-CoA c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bisphosphonate Related Jaw Osteonecrosis Bisphosphonates are synthetic pyrophosphate analogs used to treat hypercalcemia secondary to conditions affecting bone resorption such as malignancy, ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bisphosphonate Toxicity In the second half of the 20th century, bisphosphonates have emerged as a novel treatment for bone metabolism disorders. Currently, bisphosphonates ar ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Black Widow Spider Toxicity The black widow spider species, also known by its biological nomenclature as the Latrodectus species is one of more than 40,000 different species of s ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Blister Agents Sulfur mustard (dichlorethylsulphide) and nitrogen mustard are blistering agents, or vesicants, that have been used in chemical warfare since before t ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is also known as Bean syndrome. It is a rare syndrome of venous malformations that arise in the skin and gastrointesti ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bone Marrow Failure Bone marrow failure (BMF) refers to the decreased production of one or more major hematopoietic lineages which leads to diminished or absent hematopoi ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Borrelia Burgdorferi Borrelia burgdorferi is a pathogenic spirochete responsible for Lyme disease via a tick vector. This spirochete causes a characteristic annular rash, ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bortezomib Bortezomib is FDA-approved for use in the initial treatment of multiple myeloma in combination with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone. It is also FDA ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Boutonneuse Fever Boutonneuse fever is a disease caused by the rickettsia genus and is of the spotted fever group classification. This disease classically causes fever, ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bronchoalveolar Cancer Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) is a variant of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that in recent years has received a new identity and nomenclatur ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Bronchoalveolar Lavage or BAL is a minimally invasive procedure that involves instillation of sterile normal saline into a subsegment of the lung, fol ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bronchogenic Cyst Bronchogenic cysts are foregut-derived cystic malformations of the respiratory tract. They are usually located within the mediastinum at an early stag ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Bulimia Nervosa Bulimia nervosa is a disorder that is characterized by binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behavior to control weight with potentially dangero ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Calcinosis Cutis Calcinosis cutis occurs when calcium salts are deposited into the skin and subcutaneous tissue. It is classified into five main types: dystrophic, met ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Campylobacter Campylobacter is a bacterial species that represent one of the most common causes of diarrheal illness worldwide. This infection is associated with th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cancer Breast Screening In women, breast cancer is number one in incidence and mortality when compared to all cancers. It is the most common non-skin cancer and second deadli ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cancer Screening Cancer screening is pivotal in reducing the mortality and morbidity from cancer. Some of the screening methods, like a pap smear, has been successful ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Candidiasis Candidiasis is an opportunistic infection due to Candida, which can affect the oral cavity, vagina, penis, or other parts of the body. Untreated Candi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriacea Gram-negative bacterial resistance to antibiotics has decreased the physician’s ability to combat infection. Carbapenems are the most potent beta-lact ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carbon Dioxide Narcosis Carbon dioxide (CO2) narcosis is a condition that develops when excessive CO2 is present in the bloodstream, leading to a depressed level of conscious ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carcinoid Syndrome Carcinoid syndrome refers to a number of symptoms caused by the release of humoral factors such as polypeptides, prostaglandins, and biogenic amines. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carcinomatous Meningitis Carcinomatous meningitis is the dissemination of malignant cells from the primary tumor sites to leptomeningeal layers of the CNS. It occurs in the ad ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cardiac Cancer Cardiac tumors are uncommon and can be primary or metastatic. Primary cardiac tumors are rare, and the incidence is from 0.001 to 0.3% by autopsy. The ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cardiac Cirrhosis Cardiac cirrhosis is a term used to include the spectrum of hepatic disorders that occur secondary to hepatic congestion due to cardiac dysfunction, e ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cardiac Manifestations Of Coronavirus Coronaviruses are a large family of single positive-stranded, enveloped RNA viruses that can infect many animal species and humans. Human coronaviruse ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cardioactive Steroid Toxicity Cardioactive steroids (CAS) are medically important compounds historically used for conditions like edema and "dropsy." They are available in several ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Carnitine Deficiency Carnitine deficiency is a condition characterized by low carnitine levels in the body. Carnitine deficiency could be primary (due to defect in carniti ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cat Scratch Disease Cat scratch disease is an illness caused by an intracellular gram-negative rod known as Bartonella henselae. It affects the lymph nodes draining the a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Central and Peripheral Cyanosis Peripheral cyanosis is the bluish discoloration of the distal extremities (Hands, fingertips, toes), and can sometimes involve circumoral and periorbi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is defined as a laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection not related to an infection at ano ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is the second most common retinal vascular disease and is a common loss of vision in older patients. There are two types ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome Cerebral salt wasting (CSW) is a potential cause of hyponatremia in the setting of disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Cerebral salt wasting ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear protein- and glucose-rich liquid in the subarachnoid space of the central nervous system. It is found in the vent ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cervical Dysplasia The Pap smear is responsible for decreasing the incidence of and mortality rates from cervical cancer. The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear is a collection of ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cetuximab Cetuximab is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor with the following FDA-approved indications: colorectal cancer, metastatic, KRAS wil ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chagas Disease Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) is a zoonotic disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This is a vector-borne illness spread by the ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Charcot Marie Tooth Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the commonest inherited neuromuscular disorder. It affects the peripheral nerves and leads to progressive weaknes ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chemical Burns Healthcare professionals should be knowledgeable about chemical burns from exposure to acids (pH less than 7), alkalis (pH greater than 7), and irrita ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chikungunya Fever Chikungunya virus is an alphavirus that is arthropod-borne and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. This virus causes a rash, an acute febrile illness, an ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Child Intussusception Intussusception is a condition in which part of the intestine folds into the section next to it. Intussusception usually involves the small bowel and ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Therapy Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are recombinant receptors for antigens which redirect the specificity and function of T lymphocytes and/or other imm ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chloramphenicol Chloramphenicol is a medication used in the management and treatment of superficial eye infections such as bacterial conjunctivitis, and otitis extern ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chlorpromazine Chlorpromazine is a medication used in the management and treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and acute psychosis. It is in the category of ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chlorthalidone Chlorthalidone is a medication used in the management and treatment of hypertension. It is in the thiazide-like diuretics class of drugs. This activit ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cholera Cholera is an acute secretory diarrheal illness caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. It is estimated to cause upwards of four million cases per yea ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cholestatic Jaundice Cholestasis is defined as stagnation, or at least a marked reduction, in bile secretion and flow. Cholestasis can be due to a functional impairment of ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cholinergic Crisis A cholinergic crisis develops as a result of overstimulation of nicotinic and muscarinic receptors at the neuromuscular junctions. This is usually sec ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chromaffin Cell Cancer Pheochromocytoma is a tumor that arises from chromaffin cells present in the adrenal medulla or paraganglion cells. It can present with vague symptoms ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis, is a complex multisystem disease commonly characterized by severe fatigue, cognitiv ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Granulomatous Disease Chronic granulomatous diseases (CGD) are a group of recurrent life-threatening infections due to a hereditary defect in forming reactive oxygen specie ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Inflammation Chronic inflammation is also referred to as slow, long-term inflammation lasting several months to years. Generally, the extent and effects of chronic ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Iron Deficiency Chronic iron deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency in the world and a significant common cause of anemia worldwide. It is mainly caused by ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Kidney Transplant Rejection Kidney transplantation is currently the definitive treatment for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Compared to dialysis, kidney transpla ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a chronic lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by monoclonal B cell proliferation. It is the most common adult l ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), BCR-ABL1-positive, is classified as a myeloproliferative neoplasm predominantly composed of proliferating granulocytes ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic obstructive lung disease is a lung disease characterized by lung airflow limitation and can be from exposure to harmful substances. It is a co ... Read the Article 2 31 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Chronic Pain Over one-quarter of United States citizens suffer from chronic pain. It is among the most common complaints seen in an outpatient clinic. The failure ... Read the Article 2.5 41 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Churg Strauss Syndrome Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome, belongs to a group of diseases characterized by necrotizing v ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ciliary Dysfunction The majority of newborns with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), formerly known as immotile cilia syndrome, develop neonatal respiratory distress with ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Coccidioidomycosis The dimorphic fungus coccidioides causes coccidioidomycosis, also known as San Joaquin Valley fever, which is endemic to the arid regions of the Weste ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive disease emerging from mutations of genes for enzymes that lead to the production of glu ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy Congenital myotonic dystrophy (CMD) is an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder with multisystem involvement. It is a subtype of myotonic dystroph ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Congenital Syphilis Congenital syphilis (CS) is caused by transmission of the spirochete Treponema pallidum from mother to fetus, resulting in diverse clinical presentati ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Conn Syndrome Conn syndrome was named after J. W. Conn who first described it in 1955, in a patient who had hypertension with an aldosterone-producing adenoma. The ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is one of the renal replacement methods that include intermittent hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Contrast Agent Toxicity Contrast agents, also called contrast media, are substances used to enhance the radiodensity of a targeted tissue by altering the way that electromagn ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cooley Anemia Thalassemia major or Cooley anemia is one of the common monogenic hereditary hemoglobin disorders. It results from the absence of a beta-globin chain ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Copper Toxicity Copper metabolism plays an important role in physiologic homeostasis. Copper toxicity, however, induces several pathologic processes that are detrimen ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Coronary Flow Effects of Arterial Spasm or Microembolization Two conditions that can lead to angina symptoms include coronary artery spasm and microembolization. Coronary artery spasm can cause partial or comple ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Corynebacterium Diphtheriae Pharyngitis is defined as the inflammation of pharyngeal tissue. Based on etiology, it can be divided into infectious and non-infectious sources. Vira ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Coxiella Burnetii Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of Q fever, which is a zoonotic disease. Q fever can present as a febrile illness, pneumonia, or hepatitis. I ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Craniopharyngioma Craniopharyngioma is a rare, virtually benign tumor of the central nervous system (CNS). It is a partly cystic embryonic malformation that can occur i ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryglobulinemic Vasculitis Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis is an immune complex-mediated inflammation of blood vessels. It is usually seen as part of other diseases and is the most ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryptococcal Meningitis Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection that causes more than 100,000 HIV-related deaths each year. Although the infection is usually HIV-related ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cryptogenic Cirrhosis Cryptogenic cirrhosis is cirrhosis of uncertain etiology that lacks definitive clinical and histological criteria for a specific disease. Although the ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cultural Competence in the Care of LGBTQ Patients The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer/questioning (LGBTQ) community consists of a cross cultural broad range of community members and inclu ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cushing Disease Cushing disease is an endocrine disorder characterized by excessive production of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) by the anterior pituitary leading ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cushing Syndrome Cushing syndrome is caused by prolonged exposure to high circulating levels of cortisol. The most common cause of cushingoid features is iatrogenic co ... Read the Article 1.75 25 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutaneous Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is an infection caused by Mycobacteria, most commonly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This infection usually involves the lungs. When it invo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cutis Laxa Cutis laxa (CL) is a group of rare diseases of connective tissue characterized by redundant skin with loss of elasticity and premature aging. Heritabl ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cyanocobalamin Cyanocobalamin is a medication used in the management and treatment of vitamin B12 deficiencies. This activity reviews the indications, action, and co ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Cyclic vomiting syndrome is characterized by recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting lasting from hours to days in the absence of identifiable patho ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cystic Fibrosis Until relatively modern times, cystic fibrosis was poorly understood. In 1949, Lowe et al. postulated that cystic fibrosis must be caused by a geneti ... Read the Article 1.5 20 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cystic Fibrosis Related Diabetes Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes is an extrapulmonary complication of cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes is the result of abnormal gluc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cystinuria Cystine stones are due to an inherited defect in the transport of the amino acid cystine leading to excessive excretion in the kidney causing cystinur ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a wide-spread virus, with manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to severe end-organ dysfunction in immunocompromised patie ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Cytomegalovirus Colitis The management of cytomegalovirus colitis is complex, and new approaches have been introduced. To achieve satisfactory outcomes, the basic and clinica ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Decubitus Ulcer Decubitus ulcers are skin or soft tissue injuries that form due to prolonged pressure exerted over specific areas of the body. They should receive pro ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Deep Neck Infections Deep neck infections are a serious but treatable group of infections affecting the deep cervical space and characterized by rapid progression and life ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Deep Venous Thrombosis Ultrasound Evaluation Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common condition for which clinical diagnosis is typically unreliable due to the infrequency of the classic findings ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Delayed Hypersensitivity Reactions Coombs and Gel classified type IV hypersensitivity reaction (HR) as a delayed hypersensitivity reaction (DHR), which takes more than 12 hours to devel ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dengue Fever Dengue is a mosquito-transmitted virus and the leading cause of arthropod-borne viral disease in the world. It is also known as breakbone fever due to ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an uncommon soft tissue tumor that involves the dermis, subcutaneous fat, and in rare cases, muscle and fasc ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diamond Blackfan Anemia Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital type of anemia with pure red cell aplasia causing congenital bone abnormalities and most commonly presen ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is an aggressive type of childhood cancer that forms in the brainstem. They are very rare and almost always oc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diffuse Proliferative Glomerulonephritis Diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN) is a common and serious histological form of renal injury seen commonly in those suffering from autoim ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diffusion Tensor Imaging Diffusion tensor imaging is an advanced magnetic resonance imaging modality that uses the Brownian motion of water molecules to provide data for image ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
DiGeorge Syndrome DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) is a congenital disorder with a broad phenotypic presentation, which results predominantly from the microdeletion of chromosom ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Digital Mucous Cyst Digital mucous cysts are a type of ganglion commonly found on the hand. They commonly have an association with underlying DIP joint osteoarthritis. Th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dilated Cardiomyopathy Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a disease of the heart muscle characterized by enlargement and dilation of one or both of the ventricles along with im ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diphtheria Diphtheria is a toxin-mediated infection caused by Corynebacterium species, primarily Corynebacterium diphtheria. It causes skin and mucosal infection ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Diphyllobothrium Latum Diphyllobothriasis is a zoonotic infection that suffers from a lack of awareness in the medical field but has seen a recent resurgence in cases global ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Disseminated intravascular coagulation can be defined is a widespread hypercoagulable state that can lead to both microvascular and macrovascular clot ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Distal Radius Fractures Emergency Department and primary care clinics are frequently called on to evaluate orthopedic complaints. It is essential for most providers to feel c ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Drug Testing Broadly defined, drug testing is the process of using a biological sample to detect the presence or absence of a drug or its metabolites. This process ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus Drug-induced lupus erythematosus (DIL) is an autoimmune phenomenon where the patient develops symptoms similar to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dubin Johnson Syndrome In 1954, Dubin and Johnson described a new clinicopathological entity consisting of chronic idiopathic jaundice with unidentified pigment in the liver ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dyskeratosis Congenita Dyskeratosis congenita, also known as Zinsser-Engman-Cole syndrome, is an uncommon genodermatosis classically associated with the triad of oral leukop ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dyspnea on Exertion Dyspnea, also called shortness of breath, is a patient's perceived difficulty to breathe. Sensations and intensity can vary and are subjective. It is ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Dystrophinopathies This activity covers a group of X-linked muscle disorders, with their most recognized pathology being Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), followed by B ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ebola Virus The Ebola virus is a contagious, lethal virus causing hemorrhagic fever. A recent epidemic in Western Africa lasted three years and affected several c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ehrlichiosis The genus Ehrlichia consists of several species of obligate intracellular gram-negative bacteria that infect humans and a variety of other mammals via ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Elbow Arthrocentesis Elbow arthrocentesis is a procedure performed to aspirate the contents of a joint cavity to evaluate and treat elbow effusion. This activity reviews t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Empyema Empyema is defined as a collection of pus in the pleural cavity, gram-positive, or culture from the pleural fluid. Empyema is usually associated with ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Cancer Uterine endometrial cancer is the most prevalent gynecologic malignancy in American women and a major cause of both morbidity and mortality. Over 60,0 ... Read the Article 1.75 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endometrial Hyperplasia Endometrial hyperplasia is a common disorder due to exposure to exogenous or endogenous estrogen along with a relative deficiency of progesterone. It ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endomyocardial Biopsy The role and utility of endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) in the work-up of cardiovascular diseases remains controversial and the practice varies widely in ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Endovascular Papillary Angioendothelioma Endovascular papillary angioendothelioma (EPA), also known as Dabska tumor (DT) and papillary intralymphatic angioendothelioma (PILA), represents a bo ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Enterobacter Infections Enterobacter species are responsible for causing many nosocomial infections, and less commonly community-acquired infections, including urinary tract ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Enterovirus Enteroviruses are a class of viruses comprising over 300 serotypes. These ubiquitous viruses cause a wide spectrum of diseases with heterogeneous pres ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Eosinophilia Eosinophils are a kind of blood granulocytes that express cytoplasmic granules that contain basic proteins and bind with acidic dyes like “eosin.” The ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare chronic autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. EBA is caused by autoantibodie ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Epoetin Alfa Epoetin alfa is a medication used in the management of anemia secondary to bone marrow failure. It is one of the erythropoiesis-stimulating class of d ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Erythema Infectiosum Erythema infectiosum, also known as fifth disease, is a common viral exanthem caused by parvovirus B19. It is commonly seen in children between five a ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Erythroblastosis Fetalis Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) is also known as alloimmune HDFN or erythroblastosis fetalis. It is caused by the destruction of neo ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Erythromelalgia Erythromelalgia is a rarely occurring disease entity characterized by a triad of erythema, warmth, and recurrent burning pain, most notably affecting ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Esophageal Leiomyoma Esophageal leiomyomas are the most common benign tumors of the esophagus. This activity explains how to properly evaluate for esophageal leiomyoma, a ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Esophageal Ulcer An esophageal ulcer is a distinct break in the margin of the esophageal mucosa. This mucosal damage to the esophagus is often caused by gastroesophage ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis Euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (EDKA) is an uncommon diabetic complication associated with several risk factors such as fasting, surgery, pregnancy, ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Exfoliative Dermatitis Erythroderma is a clinical finding characterized by diffuse erythema and scaling of 90% of the body surface area. It results from a myriad of underlyi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fabry Disease Fabry disease is a multi-systemic, X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by decreased activity of alpha-galactosidase A and results in l ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fahr Syndrome Fahr disease is a rare neurological condition characterized by abnormal idiopathic calcification of basal ganglia and commonly has an autosomal domina ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Familial Hypercholesterolemia Familial hypercholesterolemia is known as a group of inherited genetic defects that lead to the severe elevation of serum cholesterol concentrations. ... Read the Article 1.5 18 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Familial Hyperlipidemia Type 1 Familial hyperlipidemia Type 1, commonly known as familial hyperchylomicronemia syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder that is cau ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Familial Hypocalciuric Hypercalcemia Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is a rare autosomal dominant condition. It occurs as a result of mutations in the calcium-sensing receptor ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Familial Short Stature Familial short stature (FSS) is the condition characterized by the final adult height below the third percentile of the mean for the patient's age, ge ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fanconi Anemia Fanconi anemia is a rare genetic disorder, involving all three blood cell lines. It is the most common cause of inherited bone marrow failure characte ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fanconi Syndrome Fanconi syndrome, not to be confused with Fanconi anemia, is a defect of the proximal tubule that prevents the absorption of electrolytes and other su ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fascioliasis Fascioliasis is a parasitic infection primarily of the hepatobiliary system caused by one of 2 digenean flatworms, Fasciola hepatica or Fasciola gigan ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Features, Evaluation, and Treatment of Coronavirus According to the World Health Organization (WHO), viral diseases continue to emerge and represent a serious issue to public health. In the last twenty ... Read the Article 1.25 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Female Infertility Infertility is a medical condition that can cause psychological, physical, mental, spiritual, and medical detriments to the patient. The unique qualit ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fibrinogen Fibrinogen is a 340kDa hexameric plasma glycoprotein synthesized by the liver and is the major structural component of a clot. The type of fibrinogen ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma Fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma (FL-HCC) is a rare cancer of the liver and it displays features that make it very different in its behavior and ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome (FXS), also called Martin-Bell syndrome, is a non-Mendelian trinucleotide repeat disorder. FXS is the most prevalent inherited caus ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Functional Asplenism As the largest lymphoid organ in the body, the spleen has a crucial function in the immune system. It is responsible for the production and maturatio ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fungal Endocarditis Endocarditis is the inflammation of the endocardium, the innermost lining of the heart. Endocarditis may be due to infective or non-infective etiologi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Fungal Sinusitis There are several types of fungal sinusitis. The classification depends on the degree of invasion of the sinuses. The overarching categories are non-i ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gallbladder Mucocele Mucocele of the gallbladder is a condition caused by the prolonged blockage of the cystic duct, usually by an impacted gallstone. Another name for thi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) Gallstones or cholelithiasis are stones that form in the gallbladder composed of cholesterol, bilirubin, and bile. These stones are asymptomatic in mo ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gardnerella Gardnerella vaginalis is an anaerobic bacterium that is the causative agent in bacterial vaginosis (BV). This bacteria normally is part of the vaginal ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gastric Cancer Gastric cancer is the fifth most frequently diagnosed cancer and the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The only potentially curative tre ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gastrinoma Gastrinomas are neuroendocrine tumors characterized by the secretion of gastrin with resultant excessive gastric acid production causing severe peptic ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gastritis The current classification of gastritis is based on time course (acute versus chronic), histological features, anatomic distribution, and underlying p ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis Gastrointestinal (GI) tuberculosis (TB) accounts for 1% to 3 % of all TB cases worldwide. It can occur in the context of active pulmonary disease or a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gender Dysphoria Gender dysphoria (previously gender identity disorder), according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders are defined as a “marked in ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizure This activity reviews generalized tonic-clonic seizures. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure, formerly known as grand mal seizure, is defined as a seiz ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Giant Condylomata Acuminata Of Buschke And Lowenstein Giant condylomata acuminata of Bushke-Löwenstein (GCBL) is a rare, slow-growing verrucous tumor of the penis and anogenital region which can grow up t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Giardia Lamblia Enteritis Giardia lamblia enteritis is small-intestine gastroenteritis caused by the pathogenic protozoan Giardia lamblia, (Giardia duodenalis or Giardia intest ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gilbert Syndrome Gilbert syndrome is a genetic disorder of bilirubin metabolism in the liver. There is decreased glucuronidation and excretion of bilirubin leading to ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gitelman Syndrome Gitelman syndrome is a salt-losing tubulopathy caused by mutation of genes encoding sodium chloride (NCCT) and magnesium transporters in the thiazide- ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glanzmann Thrombasthenia Glanzmann thrombasthenia is a congenital bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of the platelet integrin alpha IIb beta3. This integrin is the plate ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glomerulonephritis The term "glomerulonephritis" encompasses a subset of renal diseases characterized by immune-mediated damage to the basement membrane, mesangium, or t ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glucagonoma Syndrome Glucagonomas are neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreatic islets that secrete glucagon. Glucagonoma syndrome occurs due to the effects of elevated gluc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase is an enzyme found in the cytoplasm of all cells in the body. It is a housekeeping enzyme that plays a vital role in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glucose Intolerance Glucose intolerance (GI) is a metabolic condition that results from hyperglycemia. It can be defined as dysglycemia that includes both prediabetes and ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glycogen Storage Disease Glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are inherited inborn errors of metabolism of carbohydrates. In general, these results from a lack of specific enzymes ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glycogen Storage Disease Type II Glycogen storage disease type II, also known as Pompe disease, is a metabolic disorder creating glycogen deposits inside lysosomes within the muscular ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Glycogenic Hepatopathy Glycogenic hepatopathy (GH) is a rare or possibly under-diagnosed complication seen in children and young adults with poorly controlled type 1 diabete ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an obligate human pathogen, is a sexually transmitted disease that causes consequential worldwide morbidity both in resource-ab ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Goodpasture Syndrome Goodpasture syndrome, also referred to as anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease, is an autoimmune disease that affects both the kidneys ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Gorlin Syndrome Gorlin syndrome, also called Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS), or nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, is an autosomal dominan ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Graft Versus Host Disease Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurs due to the presence of immunocompetent T lymphocytes in the graft attacking the immunodeficient recipient tiss ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granuloma Annulare Granuloma annulare is a cutaneous granulomatous disease that is not caused by an infection. It is the most common non-infectious granulomatous disease ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare vasculitis affecting small vessels. Hallmark features include necrotizing granulomas and pauci-immune ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hairy Cell Leukemia Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare, chronic B-cell malignancy that involves the spleen, bone marrow, and peripheral blood. Patients often have non-sp ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hairy Leukoplakia Hairy leukoplakia (HL) was first described in 1984 and is a disease of the mucosa. It is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Halothane Toxicity Halothane is a medication previously used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. After its large impact on medicine and anesthesia speci ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hand and Wrist Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an immune-mediated multisystem inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the synovial joints. This activity provide ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Heavy Metal Toxicity Heavy metals are elements found in nature that accumulate in the environment mostly due to anthropogenic activities. Humans are exposed to them by occ ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Bone marrow transplant, also known as hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HPSCT) involves the administration of healthy hematopoietic stem cells to pa ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemochromatosis Hemochromatosis is a disorder that causes excess iron deposition and, in turn, multiple organ dysfunction. Organs affected by hemochromatosis include ... Read the Article 1.5 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemolytic Anemia Hemolytic anemia is a class of anemia that is caused by the destruction of red blood cells, increased hemoglobin catabolism, decreased levels of hemog ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemolytic Diseases Of The Newborn Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is a red blood cell mismatch between mothers and their fetus that can cause significant morbidity and morta ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is thrombotic microangiopathy characterized by the presence of the triad of symptoms: thrombocytopenia, acute renal im ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemophilia A Hemophilia encompasses a group of inherited disorders that alter blood coagulation. Classical hemophilia, also known as hemophilia A, is a hereditary ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hemophilia B Hemophilia B is an inherited disease, mainly caused by the deficiency of factor IX. It mostly affects males, but carrier females may show some signs o ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a severe complication that can occur in patients exposed to any form or amount of heparin products. A fall i ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatic Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is characterized by fibrosis and nodule formation of the liver secondary to chronic injury, leading to alteration of the normal lobular orga ... Read the Article 1.5 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatic Cyst Hepatic cysts are fluid-filled cavities in the liver generally asymptomatic and found incidentally on imaging studies. They can sometimes be associate ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatitis The term hepatitis means inflammation of the liver — hepatitis most commonly results from viruses. But drugs, alcohol, toxins, and certain diseases, i ... Read the Article 1.5 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B infection is a serious global healthcare problem. Often transmitted via body fluids like blood, semen, and vaginal secretions, the hepatit ... Read the Article 1.5 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatitis B Vaccine The hepatitis B vaccine is a medication used in the prevention of hepatitis B infection, which can lead to chronic liver failure and hepatocellular ca ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem affecting 185 million people worldwide. The percentage of people who are seropositive for ant ... Read the Article 1.5 24 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatitis D Hepatitis D virus (HDV) was discovered in 1977 in patients with chronic Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Originally thought to be an unrecognized H ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hepatopulmonary Syndrome Hepatopulmonary syndrome is hypoxemia due to dilated intrapulmonary vasculature in the presence of liver disease or portal hypertension. Its a serious ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hereditary Angioedema Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by either a lack of C1-inhibitor protein or by dysfunctional C1-inhibitor protein. ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hereditary Spherocytosis Hereditary spherocytosis, a type of congenital hemolytic anemia, is the most prevalent cause of hemolytic anemia due to an abnormal red cell membrane. ... Read the Article 1.5 20 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Herpes Simplex Encephalitis Herpes simplex encephalitis is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus type 1(HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 causes encephalitis in children beyond the neonat ... Read the Article 1.5 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Herpes Simplex Type 2 This activity reviews the evaluation and management of herpes simplex type 2 and highlights the role of the primary care provider in managing patients ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Herpes Virus Type 6 Though the most common manifestation of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is the rash exanthema subitum, also called roseola infantum, HHV-6 has been known ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Histamine Toxicity Scombroid poisoning results from eating fish that have been improperly stored. The primary toxic agent implicated in scombroid toxicity is histidine, ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Histoplasmosis Histoplasma capsulatum is a dimorphic fungus present worldwide in pockets of endemicity particularly associated with river valleys. The endemic region ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
HIV Disease Current Practice This activity explains when this condition should be considered on a differential diagnosis, articulates how to properly evaluate for this condition, ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
HIV In Pregnancy Several thousand HIV positive pregnant women give birth in the US annually. With proper management, these women can achieve viral suppression to undet ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
HIV Nephropathy HIV-associated nephropathy is an aggressive condition that requires prompt diagnosis to prevent permanent damage to renal function. While the advent o ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
HIV Prevention Of Opportunistic Infections Opportunistic infections (OI) are those caused by microorganisms that are, in normal circumstances, not virulent enough to cause clinical infection. T ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
HIV-1 Encephalopathy And Aids Dementia Complex Neurocognitive deficits are the presenting complaint in 4 to 15 percent of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV-associated neurocogni ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Horseshoe Kidney Horseshoe kidneys are the most common fusion defect of the kidneys occurring in approximately 1:500 individuals. They are characterized by abnormaliti ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Human Metapneumovirus Human metapneumovirus is an important pathogen that causes upper and/or lower respiratory tract infections. It does require the clinician to be knowle ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hungry Bone Syndrome Hungry bone syndrome is a state of profound hypocalcemia that can persist for prolonged periods, most notably after parathyroidectomy and thyroidectom ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hydrocele A hydrocele is a collection of peritoneal fluid between the parietal and visceral layers of the tunica vaginalis, which directly surrounds the testis ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hydrochlorothiazide Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) is a thiazide-type diuretic which has been used clinically for more than half a century. The drug has been widely used to t ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hydroxocobalamin Hydroxocobalamin is a medication used in the management and treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency and acute cyanide toxicity. It is in the anti-anemic c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperamylasemia Hyperamylasemia refers to elevated levels of serum amylase. It is most commonly observed and evaluated in patients with acute pancreatitis to confirm ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperbaric Treatment Of Brain Radiation Necrosis Delayed effects of radiation therapy can include radiation necrosis of the brain, which generally occurs in the area of the brain where the tumor was ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypercalciuria Hypercalciuria is generally considered to be the most common identifiable metabolic risk factor for calcium nephrolithiasis. It also contributes to os ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypercholesterolemia Lipoprotein disorders are clinically important due to the of the role of lipoproteins in atherogenesis and the associated risk of atherosclerotic card ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypercoagulability Hypercoagulability or thrombophilia is the increased tendency of blood to thrombose. A normal and healthy response to bleeding for maintaining hemosta ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperhomocysteinemia Hyperhomocysteinemia refers to the condition where there is greater than 15 micromol/L of homocysteine in the blood. This condition is present in a wi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperlipidemia Hyperlipidemia is a term that encompasses various genetic and acquired disorders that describe elevated lipid levels within the body. It is a very com ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperphosphatemia This article summarises the basics of Hyperphosphatemia, including its pathophysiology, evaluation, and management. Though this condition is seen more ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperpituitarism The pituitary gland produces and secretes various hormones that play a vital role in regulating endocrine function within the body. The pituitary glan ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperprolactinemia When the amount of serum prolactin exceeds the upper limit, we call it hyperprolactinemia. The common causes of hyperprolactinemia can be physiologica ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypertensive Encephalopathy Hypertensive encephalopathy is a less commonly encountered type of hypertensive emergency, highlighted by mental status changes and severely elevated ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypertensive Urgency Hypertensive urgency is a marked elevation in blood pressure without evidence of target organ damage, such as pulmonary edema, cardiac ischemia, neuro ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hyperviscosity Syndrome Hyperviscosity syndrome (HVS) is an oncologic emergency that classically presents with the triad of neurological deficits, visual changes, and mucosal ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypogammaglobulinemia Hypogammaglobulinemia is a disorder caused by low serum immunoglobulin or antibody levels. Immunoglobulins are the main components of the humoral immu ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypokalemia One of the most common electrolyte disturbances seen in clinical practice is hypokalemia. Hypokalemia is more prevalent than hyperkalemia, and most ca ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a rare channelopathy caused by the skeletal muscle ion channel mutations, commonly calcium channel and less commonly ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypopigmented Macules Hypopigmented macules are one of the most common skin lesions encountered in clinical practice. As the name suggests, these lesions are associated wit ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypopituitarism Hypopituitarism is defined as a deficiency of one or more of the hormones produced by the pituitary gland. The presence of hypopituitarism is associat ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypothalamic Hamartoma Hypothalamic hamartomas are congenital non-progressive lesions in the hypothalamus. These lesions usually develop a disabling course presenting with m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism results from low levels of thyroid hormone with varied etiology and manifestations. The drug of choice for the treatment of hypothyroid ... Read the Article 1.75 27 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Hypotonia Hypotonia is an easily recognizable entity but determining the etiology is a challenging task for a clinician given its vast differential. Systematica ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ichthyosis X-Linked X-linked ichthyosis (XLI), known as steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency and X-linked recessive ichthyosis, is a genetic skin disorder recognized in 196 ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia With Autoimmune Features This article is aimed at introducing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) as a separate entity under the umbrella of inte ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemorrhage Idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare condition caused by bleeding into the lower respiratory tract, usually the alveoli. Its classical presentati ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
IgA Deficiency Immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency is a common primary immunodeficiency characterized by undetectable serum IgA, a concomitant lack of secretory IgA, a ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
IgG4 Related Disease Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is also known as IgG4-related systemic disease, hyper-IgG4 disease, IgG4-related autoimmune disease, IgG4- ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) is defined as a low platelet count, usually, less than 100,000 in the presence of a generalized petechial rash, ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Immunoglobulin Immunoglobulins (Ig) or antibodies are glycoproteins that are produced by plasma cells. B cells are instructed by specific immunogens, for, example, b ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Immunoglobulin E As one of the five designated immunoglobulin isotypes, immunoglobulin E (IgE) plays a major role in atopic conditions by inducing immediate hypersensi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Immunotherapy Immunotherapy is used to upregulate or downregulate the immune system to achieve a therapeutic effect in immunological mediated disorders including im ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Impaired Bilirubin Conjugation Bilirubin circulates in both the unconjugated and conjugated forms. Disorders of impaired conjugation of bilirubin classically present with elevated l ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Infant Nutrition Requirements and Options Infancy is a period of rapid growth second only to the fetal period, with a pressing need to optimize nutrition to ensure adequate growth and organ de ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Infantile Acne Acne vulgaris, a common dermatologic condition, is defined by the presence of comedones. Essentially benign in nature, acne vulgaris can, however, res ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Infantile Botulism Infantile botulism is caused by Clostridium botulinum, which is an anaerobic spore-forming, gram-positive bacillus. It can be found in the soil, water ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Inflammatory Arthritis Inflammatory arthritis includes a group of arthritis accompanied by joint pain, swelling, warmth, and tenderness in the joints and morning stiffness t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Insulin Resistance Insulin resistance is identified as an impaired biologic response to insulin stimulation of target tissues, primarily the liver, muscle, and adipose t ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Insulinoma Insulinoma is a type of functional neuroendocrine tumor characterized by hypersecretion of insulin causing hypoglycemia. This activity reviews the man ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Intercostal Neuralgia Intercostal neuralgia encompasses any painful condition of the intercostal nerves. There are a variety of causes of intercostal neuralgia which cause ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Interferon Interferons are currently used clinically to treat viral infections such as hepatitis C, cancers including non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and autoimmune dise ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Interferon Test Tuberculosis is a widespread infectious disease that continues to plague much of the world. Through adequate testing procedures, eradication of this d ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Intestinal Carcinoid Cancer Carcinoid tumor refers to a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (NET) that originate commonly in the gastrointestinal tract (about 55%) or in oth ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Intraosseous Vascular Access Obtaining vascular access is often difficult and delays patient care in the prehospital and hospital setting. Intraosseous (IO) access is a fast and r ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Iron Dextran Iron dextran is an injectable medication used in the management of iron deficiency anemia, particularly in patients who are unable to tolerate iron by ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Iron Supplementation Iron is a medication used in the management and treatment of iron deficiency anemia. This activity illustrates the indications, action, and contraind ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Isoniazid Isoniazid is an antibiotic used in the treatment of mycobacterium tuberculosis infections. This activity describes the indications, action, and contra ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Jacobs Syndrome Jacob's syndrome is a rare genetic abnormality in which a male receives an extra Y chromosome from his father. While many patients go undiagnosed due ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Jarisch Herxheimer Reaction Jarisch Herxheimer reaction (JHR) is a transient clinical phenomenon that occurs in patients infected by spirochetes who undergo antibiotic treatment. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), a heterogeneous group of chronic arthritis, is the most common chronic rheumatological condition in children. The ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Juvenile Xanthogranuloma Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and is fairly common, often affecting infants and young children. Cutaneous lesi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kayser-Fleischer Ring Kayser–Fleischer (KF) rings are a common ophthalmologic finding in patients with Wilson disease. Initially thought to be due to the accumulation of si ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ketoacidosis Ketoacidosis is a metabolic state associated with pathologically high serum and urine concentrations of ketone bodies. Clinically relevant forms of ke ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Kingella Kingae This activity reviews the microbiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology and the clinical manifestations of Kingella kingae infection. It also highlights ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lactic Acidosis Lactic acid is produced in physiologically normal processes, and as a common finding in disease states. When increased production is comorbid with dec ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lead Toxicity Lead became a common occupational toxin with the birth of the Industrial Revolution, by the end of the 19-century childhood lead poisoning secondary t ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leech Bite Leeches are hermaphroditic parasites of phylum Annelida and class Hirudinea. There are over 600 species of leeches. A minority of these are sanguinivo ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leptospirosis Leptospirosis, also called Weil disease, is the most common zoonotic infection in the world. Leptospirosis is caused by an infection with the spiroche ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lesch Nyhan Syndrome Lesch Nyhan Syndrome is an inborn disorder caused by a deficiency of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) enzyme, an enzyme of purine ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is an immunodeficiency disorder involving both B and T cells and is characterized by an inability of leukocytes to ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leukocytosis Leukocytosis has a variety of etiologies with which clinicians of all backgrounds should be familiar. This activity outlines the evaluation of leukocy ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Leuprolide Leuprolide is a medication used in the management and treatment of prostate cancer, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, precocious puberty, and other sex ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lichen Planus Erosive Form Erosive lichen planus (ELP) is a variant of lichen planus which involves chronic and painful ulceration of the skin and mucosal surfaces. ELP is thoug ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lipodystrophies Lipodystrophies are conditions that share the common finding of a reduction in subcutaneous fat. There are multiple subtypes of lipodystrophy, which m ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lipoid Pneumonia Lipoid pneumonia is a rare form of lung disease due to aspiration or inhalation of exogenous or endogenous lipid-containing products. In the past, thi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency Lipoprotein lipase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder of lipid metabolism. It is characterized by severe hypertriglyceridemia a ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lisch Nodules Lisch nodules, traditionally described as iris hamartomas is one of the pathognomic markers of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and are rarely seen in i ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Listeria Monocytogenes Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative, intracellular, gram-positive rod that is responsible for causing the infection listeriosis. Listeria causes s ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Littoral Cell Splenic Angioma Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare splenic tumor. Both benign and malignant cases have been reported. This activity reviews the clinical presentati ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Livedoid Vasculopathy Livedoid vasculopathy is a rare vasculopathy that is typically characterized by bilateral lower limb lesions. Increased thrombotic activity and decrea ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Liver Biopsy Liver biopsy remains the gold standard in the diagnosis of several liver disorders. With refinement in techniques, it has emerged as a safe, useful to ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Liver Metastasis The presence of hepatic metastases increases the morbidity and mortality of patients with another site of a primary tumor disease. The majority of pub ... Read the Article 1.5 21 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lobular Breast Carcinoma Invasive lobular carcinoma is the second most common histologic form of breast cancer, representing 5% to 15% of all invasive breast cancers. It is co ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lofgren Syndrome Lofgren syndrome is a clinically distinct phenotype of sarcoidosis, first described in 1946 by Swedish pulmonologist Sven Lofgren. Sarcoidosis is a mu ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Loose Anagen Syndrome Loose anagen syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant or sporadic fashion. Clinically it manifests as diffuse non-scarring alopecia in children. ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lung Carcinoid Tumors Pulmonary carcinoid tumors are uncommon neuroendocrine epithelial malignancies accounting for less than 1% of all lung cancers. They divide into two s ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lung Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections Non-tuberculosis mycobacterial lung infections are not as common as mycobacterium tuberculosis, but they are still serious and associated with high mo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lupus Pernio Lupus pernio is a rare cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis. Lupus pernio is a predictive factor for Systemic sarcoidosis with thoracic and extra-th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Luspatercept Luspatercept is a medication used in the management and treatment of anemia in myelodysplastic syndromes, primary myelofibrosis, and beta-thalassemia. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)/lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder of B or T cell origin. The World Health O ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphocytic Hypophysitis Lymphocytic hypophysitis is a rare, autoimmune condition of the pituitary gland. It causes the pituitary gland to be infiltrated by lymphocytes and ca ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphocytosis Lymphocytosis, defined by an increase in absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) to more than 4000 lymphocytes/microL in adult patients, is a common hematolog ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphogranuloma Venereum Proctocolitis Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) proctocolitis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the L1, L2, and L3 serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis. ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lymphohistiocytosis Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening, hyper-inflammatory disorder affecting both newborns and adults alike. The disease is c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lynch Syndrome Most colorectal cancers occur sporadically; however, inherited cancer syndromes or inherited mutations cause approximately 5 to 10 percent of cases. T ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Lysosomal Storage Disease Lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) are inborn errors of metabolism characterized by the accumulation of substrates in excess in various organs' cells d ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Macrocytosis Macrocytosis refers to the finding of enlarged red blood cells (RBCs). The measurement of RBC size is reported in the complete blood count (CBC) as me ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malabsorption Syndromes This activity is a brief overview of malabsorption symptoms as they pertain to fat, carbohydrate, protein, vitamin, mineral, and trace elements digest ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malar Rash Malar rash, also named a butterfly rash, is a common facial presentation of multiple disorders. It is characterized by an erythematous flat or raised ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malaria Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito that leads to acute life-threatening disease and poses a significant global hea ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malassezia Furfur Malassezia furfur is a commensal yeast of human skin that has correlates with several common skin conditions. Emerging evidence continually improves t ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors Salivary gland tumors are a rare group of complex, heterogenous histologies that are located in the parotid gland, submandibular gland, sublingual gla ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
MALToma The neoplastic proliferation of B cells in the marginal zone of lymphoid tissue gives rise to marginal zone B cell lymphomas. Mucosa-associated lympho ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mastocytoma A mastocytoma is a tumor of mast cells, which are derived from myeloid stem cells and located in connective tissues, predominantly in the skin and muc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Maturity Onset Diabetes in the Young The most commonly recognized forms of diabetes mellitus include type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disorder, and type 2 diabetes, a polygenic disorder inf ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
McArdle Disease McArdle disease is a genetic disorder that mainly affects skeletal muscles. It occurs due to the deficiency or absence of an enzyme called myophosphor ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mean Corpuscular Volume Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is a measure used to determine anemia etiologies. This activity illustrates the categories of anemia with varying MCVs, ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mebendazole Mebendazole is a medication used in the treatment of parasitic infection. This activity reviews the indications, contraindications, activity, adverse ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mediastinal Nonseminoma Germ cell tumors are cancers that arise from the reproductive cells of the testis or ovaries. Germ cell tumors can arise along the track of the migrat ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mediastinal Seminoma Mediastinal seminoma is a malignant germ cell tumor in the mediastinum. The tumor usually occurs in the anterior-superior mediastinum in males aged 20 ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Medium-Chain Acyl-COA Dehydrogenase Deficiency Medium-chain acyl-COA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is one of the most common fatty acid ß-oxidation disorders. It is an autosomal recessive disorde ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Medullary Thyroid Cancer Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a tumor arising from the parafollicular cells, or C cells, of the thyroid gland. Medullary thyroid cancer produces c ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Megaloblastic Anemia Megaloblastic anemia (MA) encompasses a heterogeneous group of anemias characterized by the presence in the bone marrow of large red blood cell precur ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Melas Syndrome Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a mitochondrial disease primarily affecting the nervous system an ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Membranous Glomerulonephritis Membranous nephropathy (MN) is an immune complex deposition disease. IgG and complements predominantly deposit beneath the podocytes on the sub-epithe ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Menetrier Disease Menetrier disease is excessive mucosal hypertrophy associated with protein loss. It is a rare but serious condition and is associated with gastric neo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Meningitis In spite of breakthroughs in diagnosis, treatment, and vaccination, in 2015 there were 8.7 million reported cases of meningitis worldwide with 379,000 ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Meningococcal Vaccine Meningococcal disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This activity will describe how to deal with this disease as a serious ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Merkel Cell Carcinoma Of The Skin Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the skin with increasing incidence. It most frequently presents on the head ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Meromelia Meromelia is defined as a partial absence of a free limb. Limb deficiencies have been known to be caused by chromosomal abnormalities, genetic disorde ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Methemoglobinemia Methemoglobinemia is a condition with life-threatening potential in which diminution of the oxygen-carrying capacity of circulating hemoglobin occurs ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Based on the antibiotic susceptibilities, Methicillin resistance in S. aureus is defined as an oxacillin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of gre ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Methyldopa Methyldopa is a medication used in the management and treatment of hypertension. It is in the centrally acting anti-hypertensive class of drugs. This ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Microcytic Hypochromic Anemia Microcytic, hypochromic anemia, as the name suggests, is the type of anemia in which the circulating RBCs are smaller than the usual size of RBCs (mic ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Micropenis Micropenis is a vital sign that can indicate a hormonal deficiency or genetic association. Early recognition of this condition is essential in providi ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Minocycline Minocycline is a medication used in the management and treatment of both infectious and non-infectious conditions. It is in the tetracycline class of ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mitomycin Mitomycin is a medication used in the treatment of anal carcinoma, bladder carcinoma, breast carcinoma, head and neck malignancies, and some other gas ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mixed Connective Tissue Disease Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a rare autoimmune disease diagnosed when a specific antibody known as anti-U1-ribonucleoprotein is present, ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
MMR Vaccine The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is a live-attenuated combined vaccine used in the prevention and, in specific patient populations, post-exposu ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum, also called water warts, is a benign condition of the skin. The skin lesions of molluscum contagiosum are called mollusca. The ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Monoclonal Gammopathy Of Undetermined Significance (MGUS) Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is an asymptomatic preneoplastic plasma cell disorder that is characterized by serum M-prot ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Morphea Morphea, also called localized scleroderma, is a rare inflammatory skin condition that can also affect the subcutaneous tissues. Morphea encompasses m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Morvan Syndrome Morvan syndrome or Morvan’s fibrillary chorea (MFC) is a rare constellation of neurological symptoms, consisting of peripheral nerve hyperexcitability ... Read the Article 0.75 3 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mucinous Breast Carcinoma Mucinous carcinoma of the breast is a relatively rare subtype of breast cancer accounting for about 2% of all breast carcinomas. According to the late ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II (Hunter syndrome) is a rare X-linked recessive disorder. It has an early age of onset with clinical symptoms involving m ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mucosa-associated Lymphoma Tissue Mucosa-associated lymphoma tissue (MALT) lymphoma is non-Hodgkin lymphoma. They can arise from a variety of tissues. This activity reviews the etiolog ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Multifocal Motor Neuropathy Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), also called multifocal motor neuropathy with conduction block (MMNCB), is a rare, acquired, motor neuropathy charac ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Multiple Myeloma Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal plasma cell proliferative disorder characterized by the abnormal increase of monoclonal paraprotein leading to evide ... Read the Article 1.5 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare Mycobacterium avium complex consists of multiple nontuberculosis mycobacterial species (NTM), which cannot be distinguished in the microbiology labora ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mycobacterium Kansasii Mycobacterium kansasii is a slow-growing, non-tuberculosis mycobacterium (NTM) that, like other mycobacterial species, tends to cause six clinical pat ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mycobacterium Marinum Mycobacterium marinum is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium that causes a tuberculosis-like illness in fish and can infect humans when injured skin is ex ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Mycoplasma Pneumonia Mycoplasma pneumonia is a bacteria that can infect humans. It usually causes upper respiratory tract infections, but can also cause pneumonia, and it ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myeloma Kidney Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells producing monoclonal proteins and caus ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myeloperoxidase Deficiency Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a hemoprotein expressed in azurophilic granules of neutrophils and in the lysosomes of monocytes. The enzyme has strong antib ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myelophthisic Anemia Myelophthisic anemia is categorized under the normocytic type of anemia. Myelophthisic anemia is anemia characterized by the presence of immature eryt ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Hematopoietic pluripotent stem cells have self-renewal capability and give rise to either myeloid or the lymphoid lineage which further differentiates ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myoclonus Myoclonus is defined as rapid, brief, jerky, or shock-like movements involving muscle or group of muscles. Among all hyperkinetic movement disorders, ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myopericarditis The terms pericarditis refers to inflammation of the pericardium and myocarditis. Both can occur together in clinical practice, and hence the term myo ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myotonic Dystrophy Myotonic dystrophy is a rare progressive disorder that universally presents with weakness. In addition to musculoskeletal weakness, cardiac conduction ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Myxopapillary Ependymoma Myxopapillary ependymoma is a distinct subtype of spinal cord ependymomas that has a predilection for the lumbosacral region. To achieve satisfactory ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), previously known as lymphoepithelioma, is a malignancy arising from the epithelium of the nasopharynx. Endemic to Chin ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neisseria Meningitidis Meningococcal infections are an important disease caused by the bacterium, Neisseria meningitidis. It affects people of all ages and can even infect h ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nephrotic Syndrome Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a clinical syndrome defined by massive proteinuria (greater than 40 mg/m2 per hour) responsible for hypoalbuminemia (less t ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nephrotoxic Medications Numerous drugs used in the management and treatment of multiple diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, and other pathologies, are nephrotoxic. Th ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neurofibroma Neurofibromas are the most common peripheral nerve sheath tumor and are often found either by patients or during routine skin exams. These lesions app ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neutropenia Neutrophils play an essential role in immune defenses because they ingest, kill, and digest invading microorganisms, including fungi and bacteria. Fai ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Neutropenic Enterocolitis (Typhlitis) Neutropenic enterocolitis is a severe inflammatory condition of the intestines, occurring mainly in the neutropenic, immune-compromised patients. This ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nevirapine Nevirapine is a drug used in the management and treatment of HIV. It is in the NNRTI class of medications. This activity outlines the indications, act ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nevus Comedonicus Proper diagnosis and management of nevus comedonicus can lead to better patient outcomes and quality of life. This activity reviews the evaluation, ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nevus Flammeus Nevus flammeus or port-wine stain is a capillary malformation usually presenting as a unilateral pink or red patch anywhere on the body of a newborn. ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Niacin Deficiency Niacin (vitamin B3) deficiency results in a condition known as pellagra. Pellagra includes the triad of dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea and can res ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nickel Allergy Nickel allergy is a type of contact dermatitis caused by direct contact with nickel. It is the most common identifiable cause of metal-related contact ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Lung cancer is a diagnosis that has become a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer includes the subsets of adenocarcinom ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Non ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can be divided into subgroups of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Non-arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy occurs due to decreased blood supply to the optic nerve head. It is divided into a) Arteritic anterior ischemic opt ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a group of malignant neoplasms originating from the lymphoid tissues, mainly the lymph nodes. These tumors may result due to c ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia Nonketotic hyperglycinemia is a rare, genetic, inborn error of glycine metabolism. Due to a mutation in the glycine cleavage enzyme system, the patien ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Normocalcemic Hyperparathyroidism Normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism (nHPT) is a condition characterized by normal serum calcium in the face of elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH). It ca ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Nursing Home Acquired Pneumonia Pneumonia is an infection of the lower respiratory tract, involving the pulmonary parenchyma. Viruses, fungi, and bacteria can cause pneumonia. Pneum ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by episodes of complete collapse of the airway or partial collapse with an associated decrease in oxyge ... Read the Article 1.5 22 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ochronosis Ochronosis is named for the reddish-brown hue of tissue termed "ochre-like" that was first described by a young physician named Archibald Garrod in th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ocrelizumab Ocrelizumab is a medication used in the management and treatment of primary progressive and relapsing multiple sclerosis. It is in the anti-CD20 monoc ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Ocular Pemphigoid Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP) is a form of mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) that features chronic, relapsing-remitting bilateral conjunctivitis. ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Olecranon Bursa Aspiration In its normal state, the olecranon bursa is a small fluid-filled subcutaneous sac which overlies the olecranon process in the elbow. Olecranon bursa s ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Oligomenorrhea Oligomenorrhea is defined as irregular and inconsistent menstrual blood flow in a woman. Some change in menstrual flow is normal at menarche, postpart ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Onchocerciasis Onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness, is the second commonest cause of infectious blindness in the world and is transmitted through the repea ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica Osteitis fibrosa cystica (OFC) is a skeletal disorder caused by an overproduction of parathyroid hormone from the overactive parathyroid glands. Ostei ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteogenesis Imperfecta Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder of connective tissues caused by an abnormality in the synthesis or processing of type I collagen. I ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is defined as low bone mineral density caused by altered bone microstructure ultimately predisposing patients to low-impact, fragility fr ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paget Disease Paget disease is a skeletal growth disorder in which abnormalities such as unusual bone growth can occur in several multifactoral ways. This is often ... Read the Article 1.5 22 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pancreatic Ascites Pancreatic ascites is a somewhat rare entity that results from a pancreatic duct injury, leading to persistent leakage of pancreatic secretions into t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pancreatic Fistula Pancreatic fistula is an abnormal connection between the pancreatic ductal epithelium and another epithelium surface. This is due to a disruption of t ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pancreatic Mucinous Cystadenoma Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas are often seen in the body and tail region of the pancreas in middle-aged women. They are considered premalignant les ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pancytopenia Pancytopenia is defined as a decrease of all three hematologic cell lines. The condition is not a disease in itself, but a common pathway caused by a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paracentesis Paracentesis is a procedure performed to obtain a small sample of or drain ascitic fluid for both diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. This activity de ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paraneoplastic Pemphigus Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a rare autoimmune disease that is almost always associated with confirmed or occult malignancy. Patients typically p ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Paraneoplastic Syndromes Paraneoplastic syndromes are rare disorders with complex systemic clinical manifestations due to underlying malignancy. In paraneoplastic syndromes, ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Parathyroid Cancer Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare, malignant neoplasm originating from the parathyroid gland. The clinical presentation can mimic primary parathyroid ad ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Parotid Cancer Salivary gland tumors are characterized by diverse histological appearances and variable biological behavior. The distinction between tumor types can ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pediatric Craniopharyngioma Pediatric craniopharyngioma could be considered one of the most complex neurosurgical pathologies in the pediatric population. The tumor's proximity t ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pediatric Fluid Management Dehydration occurs commonly in children and many times requires resuscitation. Fluid resuscitation is essential in the management of critically ill ch ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is defined as an inflammation of the upper genital tract due to an infection in women. The disease affects the uteru ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pembrolizumab Pembrolizumab is a medication used in the management and treatment of various oncologic conditions. It is in the cancer immunotherapy class of drugs. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pemphigoid Gestationis Pemphigoid gestationis, formerly known as herpes gestationis, is a rare autoimmune sub-epidermal bullous dermatosis of pregnancy that shares some clin ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pemphigus Vegetans Pemphigus is a group of vesiculobullous autoimmune diseases. The most common type of pemphigus is pemphigus vulgaris, characterized by mucocutaneous b ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pendred Syndrome Pendred syndrome is characterized by the combination of sensorineural hearing loss and thyroid goiter with or without hypothyroidism. This activity is ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Penile Injection And Aspiration Penile injection and aspiration is a procedure used in the management of ischemic priapism to preserve erectile tissue. This procedure should be perfo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Percutaneously Inserted Ventricular Assist Device There are now percutaneous inserted ventricular assist devices available. This device is a non-pulsatile axial flow pump that is placed across the aor ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pericholangitis The diagnostic criteria for small-duct primary sclerosing cholangitis (SDPSC) included biochemical features of chronic cholestasis with unknown etiolo ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a relatively rare, heterogeneous neoplasm involving T lymphocytes categorized under non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). A ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pernicious Anemia Pernicious anemia (PA) is megaloblastic anemia resulting from a deficiency of cobalamin (vitamin B12), which in turn is caused by a lack of intrinsic ... Read the Article 1.5 23 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pernio Pernio also referred to as chilblains, is a rare inflammatory condition. The term "chilblains" derives from two Old English words "chill" (cold) and ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Phenobarbital Phenobarbital is included in a class of drugs called barbiturates. This drug can be used for anti-seizure management, treatment for status epilepticus ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Phenol Toxicity Phenol is a historical disinfectant with continued use in industry, laboratories, and some health care settings. Phenol is a protoplasmic poison that ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Phenylketonuria Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism (IEM) most often caused by missense mutations in the gene encoding phenylalanine hydroxylase (P ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pickwickian Syndrome The management of Pickwickian syndrome is challenging and complex. The clinical presence of disease should be suspected and defined to achieve good ou ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) refers to a subtype of tenosynovial giant cell tumors that diffusely affect the soft tissue lining of joints a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pituitary Hyperplasia In Primary Hypothyroidism Pituitary hyperplasia is an under-recognized manifestation that can occur fairly commonly in primary hypothyroidism. Recognition of this entity is imp ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Plasmablastic Lymphoma Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an uncommon but aggressive subtype of diffuse, large, B-cell lymphoma. The diagnosis of PBL is difficult because its f ... Read the Article 0.75 3 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Plasmapheresis Plasmapheresis is a therapeutic intervention that involves extracorporeal removal, return, or exchange of blood plasma or components. The underlying m ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Plasmodium Ovale Malaria Malaria is a mosquito-borne infection caused by the parasite Plasmodia. It is present in most of the tropical areas all over the world. It manifests i ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Platelet Transfusion Platelet transfusion is a lifesaving procedure that is carried out to prevent bleeding or stop ongoing bleeding in patients with low platelet count or ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is the accumulation of fluid in between the parietal and visceral pleura, called the pleural cavity. It can occur by itself or can be ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Poikilocytosis Poikilocytosis is the term for abnormally shaped red blood cells in the blood. Poikilocytes may be flat, elongated, teardrop-shaped, crescent-shaped, ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Poliomyelitis Poliomyelitis (polio) is a viral disease that can range in severity from self-limiting disease to meningitis. In its most severe form, it may present ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polyarticular Arthritis Clinicians frequently encounter patients with a complaint of "all my joints hurt." In reality, many of these patients have either transient self-limi ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polycythemia Polycythemia, also called erythrocytosis, refers to an increase in red blood cell mass, noted on laboratory evaluation as increased hemoglobin and hem ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polycythemia Vera Polycythemia vera is a myeloproliferative disorder associated with a JAK2 kinase mutation that causes the neoplastic proliferation of the hematopoieti ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polygenic Hypercholesterolemia Hypercholesterolemia causes atherosclerotic vascular disease leading to the development of coronary artery disease, transient ischemic attack, stroke, ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndrome Type II Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type 2 (PAS-2) is an autoimmune syndrome which leads to lymphocytic infiltration causing organ-specific damage. PAS- ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Polymyositis Polymyositis, a relatively uncommon autoimmune disorder, develops due to abnormal activation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD8 cells) and macrophages ag ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postmenopausal Bleeding Postmenopausal bleeding is a common complaint with a broad differential, which includes both benign and malignant conditions. This activity describes ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Postpartum Thyroiditis Postpartum thyroiditis is rather a common problem during the postpartum period. Postpartum thyroiditis has found in approximately 5% of mothers in the ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) results from a bacterial infection that causes rapid deterioration of the kidney function due to an inflam ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Precocious Pseudopuberty Precocious puberty is traditionally defined as the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics before the age of eight years in girls and nine year ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Prednisone Prednisone is a synthetic, anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid that derives from cortisone. It is biologically inert and converted to prednisolone in the ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pregnancy Intrahepatic Cholestasis Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common liver disorder in pregnancy and is associated with an increased risk of adverse obstetr ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Premalignant Lesions Of The Endometrium Premalignant lesions of the endometrium are a characteristic sequence of atypical endometrial hyperplasia or intraepithelial neoplasia that may give r ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Prenatal Screening Historically, pregnancy was a very tenuous part of a woman's life because of the high mortality rate associated with gestation. In the early 1900s, ma ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Preoperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis is the administration of antibiotics before performing surgery to help decrease the risk of postoperative infectio ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Primary Biliary Cholangitis Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), formerly termed primary biliary cirrhosis, is an autoimmune disorder that leads to the gradual destruction of intra ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Primary Polydipsia Primary polydipsia can be categorized into two types. They are psychogenic polydipsia and dipsogenic polydipsia. Psychogenic polydipsia is a condition ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Prostate Cancer Worldwide, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the sixth leading cause of cancer death in men. In 2012, this amounted to 1,1 ... Read the Article 1.5 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Protamine Protamine is a medication used to reverse and neutralize the anticoagulant effects of heparin. Protamine is the specific antagonist that neutralizes ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Protein Losing Enteropathy Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a syndrome where there is an excess loss of proteins in the gastrointestinal tract. It can occur in many clinical ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pruritus Gravidarum Pruritus is a common symptom in pregnancy. The causes of pruritus can be unrelated or specific to pregnancy. Pruritus specific to pregnancy must be ad ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pseudoappendicitis Pseudoappendicitis can describe any condition mimicking appendicitis, a disease which classically presents with acute right lower quadrant abdominal p ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pseudocholinesterase Deficiency Pseudocholinesterase deficiency, also known as butyrylcholinesterase deficiency, refers to a rare acquired or inherited defect in the pseudocholineste ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pseudohyponatremia Pseudohyponatremia is an uncommon laboratory artifact finding that can lead to severe morbidity and mortality if not recognized promptly. This activit ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pseudohypoparathyroidism Pseudohypoparathyroidism is a rare disorder where patients are resistant to parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid hormone resistance leads to hypocalcemia ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare clinical entity characterized by diffuse intra-abdominal gelatinous ascites with mucinous implants on peritonea ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pulmonary Edema Pulmonary edema is defined as an abnormal accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung parenchyma. Two main types are cardiogenic and noncardiogen ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pure Red Cell Aplasia Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a rare disorder which designates anemia secondary to failure of erythropoiesis. It is characterized by normocytic, nor ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pyelonephritis Xanthogranulomatous Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare and aggressive variant of chronic pyelonephritis. It usually occurs due to chronic nephrolithiasis and in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pylephlebitis Pylephlebitis is a rare disease process that is associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality, especially if it is not recognized early in th ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency Pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKD) is the most common enzyme-related glycolytic defect that results in red cell hemolysis. Invariably, PKD results in he ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Q Fever Q fever is a zoonotic febrile disease affecting workers involved in farming livestock. It is an underreported disease with lesser recognition. This ac ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radiation Syndrome Prolonged or significant exposure to ionizing radiation can result in acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The National Council on Radiation Protection and ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radiation Therapy In The Treatment Of Keloids Keloids are benign raised scars that are formed after cutaneous insult. Normally, cutaneous injury results in wound closure and a flat scar. Some in ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Radon Toxicity Radon toxicity is one of the leading causes of lung cancers in non-smokers. It is a radioactive gas that is naturally occurring in the environment and ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is the cause of rapid loss of renal function. It is a rare syndrome but has a high rate of renal failure and mo ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rat-bite Fever Rat-bite fever, also known as streptobacillosis, spirillary fever, bogger, and epidemic arthritic erythema, is a zoonotic illness that manifests with ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Reactive Arthritis Reactive arthritis (ReA) is inflammatory arthritis which manifests in several days to weeks after a gastrointestinal or genitourinary infection. It is ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Refractory Anemia With Ring Sideroblasts Refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS) is a type of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) that is characterized by anemia and the presence of at lea ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Refsum Disease Refsum disease is a rare autosomal recessive disease from the peroxisomal biogenesis spectrum of disorders. Peroxisomes are multiple membrane-bound in ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Relapsing Fever Relapsing fever typically refers to malaria-like illnesses caused by various spirochetes belonging to Borrelia species and characterized by recurrent ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Clear Cell Cancer Clear cell renal cancer is the most common type of kidney cancer, comprising 80 percent of all malignant tumors found within the kidney. It is known a ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Leiomyosarcoma Renal leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare and aggressive mesenchymal tumor. The tumor usually arises from the smooth muscle cells of the intrarenal blood v ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Lymphoma Renal involvement in lymphoma is commonly in the presence of widespread nodal or extranodal lymphoma. This is classified as secondary renal lymphoma ( ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Oncocytoma Renal oncocytomas are common benign kidney neoplasms that account for 3 to 7 percent of renal neoplasms. They usually occur in adults, most frequently ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Transplantation Rejection Various factors merit consideration to match the donor kidney with the recipient, as the donor kidney act as an alloantigen. In general, when transpla ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Renal Tubular Acidosis Kidneys play a pivotal role in maintaining the acid-base balance of body along with lungs, and they do so by reabsorbing filtered bicarbonate and remo ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Retrognathia Retrognathia is a term used to describe a mandible that is posterior to and behind where it should be when viewed from a lateral vantage point. Retrog ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder of the joints characterized by inflammatory arthritis as well as extra-articular involvement. It c ... Read the Article 1.75 25 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rheumatoid Arthritis And Ankylosing Spondylitis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are among the most common rheumatic diseases. These chronic progressive inflammatory disease ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rho(D) Immune Globulin Rh(D) Immune Globulin is a medication used in the management and treatment of Rh-negative pregnancies and ITP. It is in the immune globulin biologic c ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Riboflavin Deficiency Riboflavin, vitamin B2, is a heat-stable, water-soluble vitamin that the body uses to metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and protein into glucose for ene ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rickets Rickets is a condition characterized by a defect in mineralization of the epiphyseal plates. Rickets could be inherited or acquired. The acquired rick ... Read the Article 1.25 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Risk Factors For Coronary Artery Disease Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of mortality among adults in the United States. While common, it is preventable. This activity ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rotor Syndrome Rotors syndrome, also known as Rotor type hyperbilirubinemia, is an autosomal recessive disease and a rare cause of mixed direct (conjugated) and indi ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Rubeola (Measles) This activity reviews the epidemiology and pathophysiology of measles to further understand its epidemiological situation. This will hopefully lead to ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Salmonella Typhi Salmonella enterica typhi is a gram-negative bacterium that is responsible for typhoid fever and has been a burden on developing nations for generatio ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (Schistosoma haematobium), more specifically known as urogenital schistosomiasis, is an endemic disease to many countries in Africa an ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scleroderma And Primary Myocardial Disease Systemic scleroderma is a connective tissue disease that can affect internal organs. Cardiac manifestations of the disease can be a result of the prim ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Scrub Typhus Scrub typhus is one of the tropical rickettsial infections which if left untreated, can have fatal consequences. It is caused by Orientia tsutsugamush ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Secondary Amenorrhea Secondary amenorrhea occurs when a patient who has passed menarche goes six months or longer without menses. While some sources only require three mon ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Secondary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is mainly caused by mainly fibrovascular proliferation and is characterized by a combination of clinical findings ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Secondary Osteonecrosis of the Knee Secondary osteonecrosis is a subtype of the disabling disease osteonecrosis, which leads to end-stage arthritis of various joints, including the knee. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Secondary Thrombocytosis Reactive thrombocytosis, defined as an abnormally high platelet count in the absence of chronic myeloproliferative disease, secondary to an infection, ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Seminoma Seminoma is a malignant germ cell tumor that involves most commonly the testicle or less frequently the mediastinum, the retroperitoneum, or other ext ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Septic Arthritis Septic arthritis is inflammation of the joints secondary to an infectious etiology such as bacterial, fungal, mycobacterial, viral, or other pathogens ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Septic Emboli Septic embolism is an obstruction of a blood vessel, typically by an infected thrombus that has traveled through the bloodstream from a distant infect ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Serum Sickness Serum sickness is a rare but important cause of fever, arthritis, and rash in both children and adults. This activity reviews the differences between ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sexual Assault Infectious Disease Prophylaxis Patients presenting for medical treatment after a sexual assault may be concerned about the possibility of acquiring an infectious disease. For many t ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Shoulder Arthrocentesis Technique Shoulder arthrocentesis, also known as shoulder aspiration, is an important skill for interprofessional team members. It can be used for both diagnost ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Shy Drager Syndrome Shy Drager syndrome refers to a progressive neuromuscular disorder that affects the nervous system. It falls on the multiple system atrophy spectrum o ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disorder of erythrocytes caused by an abnormality in hemoglobin. Hemoglobin in most healthy individuals is present ... Read the Article 1.5 19 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Silicosis Silicosis is an occupational pneumoconiosis caused by the inhalation of crystalline silica dust. This disease may present several weeks to years after ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Simple Renal Cyst A simple kidney cyst is the most common type of renal cyst. It is a fluid-filled sac that originates from the surface of the kidney. One or more simpl ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Small Bowel Cancer Small Bowel Cancer encompasses a series of malignant lesions that may be identified throughout the small intestine (SI). The small bowel lies between ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Small Cell Lung Cancer Lung cancer is the second most diagnosed cancer in the United States. It is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women, accounting for ap ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth In contrast to the large intestine, the concentration of the bacteria in the small intestine rarely exceeds 1000 organisms/mL. Gastric acid secretion ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium bicarbonate is a medication used in the management and treatment of multiple disease pathologies. It is a general chemical compound by classifi ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Somatostatinoma Somatostatinoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor (NET) with an incidence of 1 in 40 million individuals and accounts for less than 5% of pancreatic NETs ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is a rare clinical entity, often forgotten in the typical differential, but when identified, the treatment of whic ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spinal Cord Compression Spinal cord compression can result from a myriad of both atraumatic and traumatic causes. The spinal column is vulnerable to a variety of compressive ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spinal Cord Subacute Combined Degeneration Subacute combined degeneration is a preventable, reversible medical condition that affects the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerve with devastati ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Splenic Sequestration Crisis Young children with sickle cell anemia are at risk for acute splenic sequestration crises. These occur when an excessive amount of blood becomes trapp ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Splenomegaly Splenomegaly is defined as enlargement of the spleen measured by size or weight. The spleen plays a significant role in hematopoiesis and immunosurvei ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Spoon Nails This activity outlines the evaluation and management of koilonychia and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in evaluating, treating and ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Staphylococcus Saprophyticus Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a Gram-positive bacterium that is a common cause of uncomplicated urinary tract infections, especially in young sexual ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Steatorrhea The management of steatorrhea is complex and new approaches have been introduced. To achieve satisfactory outcomes, the basic and clinical aspects of ... Read the Article 1 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Streptococcal Meningitis Streptococcal meningitis is an acute, purulent inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord caused by bacteria from the Strepto ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Streptococcal Pharyngitis Group A streptococcus is a gram-positive, non-motile bacteria that is the most common etiology for acute pharyngitis accounting for 5 to 15 percent of ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone ADH release (SIADH) is a condition defined by the unsuppressed release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) fr ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Syphilis Syphilis is a systemic, bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Due to its many protean clinical manifestations, it has been ... Read the Article 2.5 46 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Syphilis Ocular Manifestations Syphilis is caused by infection by the spirochete, Treponema pallidum. Ocular manifestations can occur at any stage of the disease with varied clinica ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is an exaggerated defense response of the body to a noxious stressor (infection, trauma, surgery, acute ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with multisystem involvement and is associated with significant morbidity and mort ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Systemic Mastocytosis Systemic mastocytosis is an aggressive disorder characterized by the release of numerous vasoactive cell mediators due to excessive activity of mast c ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Systemic Sclerosis Scleroderma is a rare connective tissue disorder with unknown and complex pathogenesis. Scleroderma can be divided into two forms, Localized Scleroder ... Read the Article 1.25 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
T Cell Prolymphocytic Leukemia T-PLL (T Prolymphocytic leukemia) is mature and aggressive T-cell leukemias characterized by the proliferation of small to medium-sized prolymphocytes ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tangier Disease Tangier disease occurs due to the accumulation of cholesterol esters within a body organ. This activity outlines the evaluation and management of it a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Targeted Hypothermia Temperature Management Targeted temperature management aims to reduce mortality and improve neurological outcomes in unresponsive patients who achieve ROSC after cardiac arr ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Teriparatide Teriparatide is a medication used in the management and treatment of osteoporosis. It is in the anabolic class of osteoporosis medications. This activ ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tetanus Tetanus is an infection characterized by muscle spasms and lockjaw, also called trismus. Toxins produced by Clostridium tetani are responsible for the ... Read the Article 1.25 17 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thallium Toxicity Thallium is a tasteless, odorless, and water-soluble chemical element for which both accidental intoxication and criminal poisoning have been reported ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thrombocytopenia Thrombocytopenia is a platelet count below the lower limit of normal, i.e., 150000/microliter (for adults). This activity reviews the etiology, evalua ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a type of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia that is classically characterized by the pentad of fever, hem ... Read the Article 0.75 4 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thyroid Adenoma Thyroid adenoma is a benign lesion of the thyroid gland. There are two types of thyroid adenomas, follicular and papillary. Thyroid adenoma usually pr ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Thyroxine-Binding Globulin Deficiency Thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency is a disorder that can often be misdiagnosed based on an inaccurate interpretation of thyroid hormone labs; this ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Toxocara Canis Human toxocariasis is a helminth infection that primarily impacts individuals of lower socioeconomic class in tropical and subtropical regions around ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis is caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan. Although many people are infected worldwide, the disea ... Read the Article 1.25 15 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Transient Hypogammaglobulinemia of Infancy Transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy (THI) is a type of antibody deficiency that affects infant and children typically below the age of 6 years. ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Trauma Care Principles Trauma care principles outline fundamental concepts that providers should be aware of when treating various injuries in a trauma setting. The content ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Trench Fever Trench fever is an infection caused by Bartonella quintana, which is an aerobic gram-negative rod bacteria. It can vary in presentation, from non-spec ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tretinoin Tretinoin is a valuable medication in the treatment of mild, moderate, and severe acne that can be used topically or systemically. Tretinoin also used ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Trichinosis Trichinosis or trichinellosis is a helminth infection primarily transmitted via the ingestion of improperly prepared food. Pork and its byproducts are ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tropical Pulmonary Eosinophilia Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia (TPE) is a hyperresponsive pulmonary syndrome in response to trapped microfilariae within the lung tissue characterize ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is a human disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It mainly affects the lungs, making pulmonary disease the most common prese ... Read the Article 1.5 20 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tubular Adenoma Colonic adenomas are raised protrusions of colonic mucosa, i.e., polyps formed by glandular tissue. Although a tumor of benign nature, these adenomas ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tubular Breast Carcinoma Tubular carcinoma of the breast is a distinct, relatively rare low-grade neoplasm, accounting for approximately 1 to 2% of invasive breast cancers. It ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tubulointerstitial Nephritis Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) is a group of immune-mediated inflammatory disease that involves the interstitium and tubules. Inflammation of the ... Read the Article 1 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tumor Lysis Syndrome Tumor lysis syndrome is the most common oncologic emergency. This condition is prevalent in both adult and pediatric oncology patients undergoing chem ... Read the Article 1 10 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors, including etanercept (E), infliximab (I), adalimumab (A), certolizumab pegol (C) and golimumab (G), are ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Turcot Syndrome Turcot syndrome is the association of primary brain tumors with colorectal cancer. Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and familial ade ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Type II Hypersensitivity Reaction Type II hypersensitivity reaction is a form of immune-mediated reaction in which antibodies are directed against cellular or extracellular matrix anti ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an enteric fever characterized by systemic illness along with abdominal pain and fever in a “step-ladder” pattern. The organism respo ... Read the Article 1.25 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Unconjugated Hyperbilirubinemia Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia is a condition defined as elevated serum or plasma bilirubin (unconjugated) levels above the reference range of the la ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urea Cycle Disorders Urea cycle disorders are inborn errors of metabolism resulting from defects in one of the enzymes or transporter molecules involved in the hepatic rem ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Urinary Diversions And Neobladders The urinary bladder is designed both to facilitate low-pressure filling and to efficiently expel urine using coordinated contractions. As the bladder ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Varicella Zoster Chickenpox or varicella is a contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The virus is responsible for chickenpox (usually primary i ... Read the Article 1.75 29 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vasectomy Vasectomy is a definitive, male sterilization procedure that involves disrupting the flow of sperm from the proximal to the distal end of the vas defe ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection can cause variable types of illness including gastroenteritis, wound infections, and, in more severe cases, sepsis. ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vibrio Vulnificus Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium that causes septicemia, severe wound infections, and gastroenteritis. Failure to recognize and treat this infection p ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
ViPoma Vasoactive intestinal peptide tumors (VIPoma) are neuroendocrine tumors secreting vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in an unregulated manner. The VI ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Viral Arthritis Acute-onset polyarticular arthritis is the most common presentation of viral arthritis. The most commonly implicated viruses are parvovirus, the alpha ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Viral Encephalitis Viral encephalitis is inflammation of the brain parenchyma caused by a virus. It is the most common type of encephalitis and often coexists with viral ... Read the Article 1 12 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vitamin A Vitamin A is a general term that encompasses various fat-soluble substances such as retinol, retinyl palmitate, and beta-carotene. Its various metabol ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vitamin B12 Deficiency Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is derived from animal products such as red meat, dairy, and eggs. Intrinsic fac ... Read the Article 1.75 28 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Riboflavin is a medication used in the management and treatment of deficiency of vitamin B2. It is part of the B complex group of vitamins. This activ ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Vitamin B5 is a medication used in the management and treatment of nutrient deficiencies. It is in the dietary supplement class of medications. This a ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, antioxidant, and essential co-factor for collagen biosynthesis, carnitine and catecholamine metabolism, and diet ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vitamin C Deficiency Vitamin C deficiency, also known as scurvy, is a disease primarily associated with socioeconomic status and access to food. Signs and symptoms are oft ... Read the Article 1.25 16 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Vitamin D Deficiency Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin used by the body for normal bone development and maintenance by increasing the absorption of calcium, magnesium, an ... Read the Article 1 11 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome Waterhouse Friderichsen syndrome is a rare but life-threatening disorder associated with bilateral adrenal hemorrhage. In many cases, it is caused by ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wells Syndrome Wells syndrome is characterized by sudden onset of large, inflamed, edematous patches that are often covered with vesicles or bullae; typically, the e ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wernicke Encephalopathy Wernicke encephalopathy is an acute neurological condition characterized by a clinical triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and confusion. This disease i ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Williams Syndrome WS is a rare genetic disorder that presents with congenital heart disease, distinctive facial features (elfin-like faces), hypercalcemia, neurodevelop ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wilson Disease Wilson disease (hepatolenticular degeneration) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder caused by abnormal copper accumulation in the body particularly ... Read the Article 1.75 27 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked disorder which classically includes the characteristic triad of immunodeficiency, thrombocytopenia, ... Read the Article 1.25 13 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Xanthochromia Xanthochromia is the presence of bilirubin in the cerebrospinal fluid and is sometimes the only sign of an acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. However, it ... Read the Article 1 9 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
X-linked Agammaglobulinemia X-linked agammaglobulinemia or XLA is a primary immunodeficiency disorder that prevents affected individuals from making antibodies and requires them ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Yaws Yaws, a treponemal disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pertenue, causes disease in 3 stages with the last being most specific and manifesting a ... Read the Article 1 7 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Yolk Sac Tumors Yolk sac tumors (also known as endodermal sinus tumors) are malignant primitive germ cell tumors; they are histologically similar to the mesenchyma of ... Read the Article 1 8 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Young Syndrome Young syndrome, also known as sinusitis-infertility syndrome, is a rare inherited syndrome similar to Kartagener syndrome. Individuals born with this ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Zellweger Syndrome Zellweger syndrome, also known as cerebrohepatorenal syndrome, is a rare inherited disorder characterized by the absence or reduction of functional pe ... Read the Article 0.75 5 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Zollinger Ellison Syndrome Zollinger-Ellison syndrome could impact the patient's quality of life and increase mortality if it is not recognized and treated. This activity covers ... Read the Article 1.25 14 Activity MD/PA Activity DO
Zonisamide Zonisamide is a sulfonamide antiepileptic drug that is a 1,2 benzisoxazole derivative and is the first compound from this group of chemicals to be use ... Read the Article 0.75 6 Activity MD/PA Activity DO

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