Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Antiretroviral Therapy


4.3 out of 5 (26 Reviews)



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Expiration Date

28 Feb 2026

Last Reviewed

1 Mar 2023

Estimated Time To Finish

60 Minutes

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Activity Description

Human immunodeficiency virus infection is a significant health problem worldwide. Advances in treatment have made this disease not only manageable but have also dramatically decreased the incidence of opportunistic infections and decreased progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Practitioners should utilize current guidelines for treatment. This activity describes these guidelines and highlights the role of interprofessional teams in treating this complex disorder.

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Describe how a patient with acute HIV infection might present, and the initial screening test that should be done.
  • Identify when antiretroviral therapy should be initiated in patients with human immunodeficiency virus.
  • Outline some common antiretroviral therapy regimens.
  • Summarize collaboration with interprofessional team members to ensure that high risk patients are being educated about and offered pre-exposure HIV prophylaxis.


StatPearls requires everyone who influences the content of an educational activity to disclose relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. All relevant conflict(s) of interest have been mitigated. Hover over contributor names for financial disclosures. None of the planners of this educational activity have any relevant financial relationships to disclose.

COMMERCIAL SUPPORT: This activity has received NO commercial support.

Continuing Education Accreditation Information

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, and StatPearls, LLC. The Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University designates this activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

This activity is reported to the following Maintenance of Certification (MOC) boards:
American Board of Anesthesiology
  • Hospice and Palliative Medicine
American Board of Internal Medicine
  • Adolescent Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Hematology
  • Infectious Disease
American Board of Pathology
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Hematology (Blood, BM)
  • Hematopathology (LN, Spleen)
  • Infectious Diseases/Medical Microbiology
  • Blood Bank/Transfusion Medicine
American Board of Pediatrics
  • Adolescent Medicine
  • General Pediatrics
  • Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Instructions for Credit

  1. Register for the activity and create a StatPearls login.     
  2. Review the target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information.
  3. Study the educational content in the activity.
  4. Choose the best answer to each activity test question. To receive credit, you must pass the test questions with a minimum score of 100%.
  5. Complete the post-activity assessment.
  6. Obtain a certificate.

For information on the applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.


Faculty may discuss investigational products or off-label uses of products regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Readers should verify all information before employing any therapies described in this educational activity.

The information provided for this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. The information presented does not necessarily reflect the views of StatPearls or any commercial supporters of educational activities on StatPearls specifically disclaims responsibility for any adverse consequences resulting directly or indirectly from information in the course, for undetected error, or through a participant's misunderstanding of the content.

Cancellation Policy: Cancellations must be received in writing and a money-back guarantee is provided if not completely satisfied.

  • StatPearlsand and Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University reserve the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances. StatPearls andQuillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University will not be responsible for other expenses incurred by the participant in the unlikely event that the program is canceled.

Medium or Media Used:

  • Computer Requirements: Internet Access
  • E-mail Address

Equal Opportunity

  • StatPearls andQuillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University are Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action/Equal Access Institutions. 


Media Usage Rights

The contributors and editors of StatPearls have attested that all associated media (images and video) have been legally cleared for use with this activity.  All copyrights are reserved.


    Arthur C. on 12/6/2020

    Deborah Z. on 1/17/2021

    Amit G. on 5/9/2021

    OSCAR P. on 5/25/2021

    Kelsey G. on 8/5/2021

    Harry A. on 10/4/2021

    I have an increased knowledge on this topic based on this activity

    shelley h. on 11/15/2021

    Sunaina R. on 1/20/2022

    Kriti M. on 2/1/2022

    Ragi R. on 2/4/2022

    Alpana S. on 1/19/2023

    Russell R. on 2/22/2022

    Preeti S. on 3/26/2022

    Thanks much

    Dr. Mallikarjuna S. on 4/15/2022

    mv zdfMXB

    Scott J. on 4/17/2022

    Dr.NIRMALA M. on 11/4/2022

    Unless I am doing a lot of HIV treatment, memorizing the particular names of medications that helpful. I will need to look them up anyway. Understanding the concepts involved is very important.

    Robert V. on 7/23/2022

    Christine G. on 9/12/2022

    Leon C. on 10/8/2022

    Noel R. on 10/26/2022

    Good job

    Kenneth R. on 10/31/2022

    Nicholas G. on 12/15/2022

    Brian C. on 12/31/2022

    Indumathi D. on 2/22/2023

    Shantu P. on 3/11/2023

    larry m. on 3/21/2023

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