Hirayama Disease

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  Hirayama Disease

Credits: 1.00   Post-Assessment Questions:  4

Release Date: 5 Oct 2020
Expiration Date: 3 Jun 2021
Last Reviewed: 3 Jun 2020
Estimated Time To Finish: 60 Minutes

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Activity Description

Hirayama is a rare nonfamiliar monomelic amyotrophy that is also known as benign juvenile brachial spinal muscular atrophy, juvenile asymmetric segmental spinal muscular atrophy, juvenile muscular atrophy of the distal upper extremity, monomelic amyotrophy, and oblique amyotrophy. Classically, it presents with muscle atrophy and weakness of bilateral or unilateral forearms and hands in the absence of sensory alterations, progressing for one to two years before plateauing. The condition is caused by a tight dural sac in the cervical canal that leads to chronic ischemic changes to the anterior horn cells. Although commonly considered a non-progressive and self-limiting disease, this has been noted to be a source of significant disability for some affected individuals. Moreover, it is often diagnosed as a motor neuron disease, which can increase the psychological stress for affected patients. Early diagnosis and intervention has been shown to limit the progression and decrease the degree of disability. This activity reviews the evaluation and management of patients with this condition and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in caring for these patients.

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of nurses.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Describe the clinical presentation of Hirayama disease
  • Review the etiology of Hirayama disease.
  • Summarize the typical clinical course of Hirayama disease.

Author(s) / Contributors Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

Each author, editor, faculty and planning committee member have completed a disclosure form indicating that neither they nor their spouse/partner has a financial interest/arrangement or affiliation that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest related to the content of this activity.

COMMERCIAL SUPPORT: This activity has received NO commercial support.

Contributors

Hover over the contributor names to see details and disclosures of any financial relationships or relationships they or their spouse/life partner have with commercial interests related to the content of this continuing education activity.

Authors: Sara Lay
Editors: Sandeep Sharma
Editors-In-Chief: David WoodAndrew WiltMary Cataletto
Chief Medical Reviewer: Sunil Munakomi
Nurse Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Lisa Haddad
Nurse Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Bernadette Makar
Nurse Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Dorothy Caputo
Pharmacy Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Mark Pellegrini
Physician Planner/Reviewer/Editor: Scott Dulebohn

Continuing Education Accreditation Information


 

This activity is jointly provided by AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare and StatPearls. AKH, Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is accredited as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. This activity is awarded 1.00 Contact Hours.

 

Cancellation Policy: Cancellations must be received in writing and a money-back guarantee is provided if not completely satisfied.

  • StatPearls and AKH reserve the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances. StatPearls and AKH will not be responsible for other expenses incurred by the participant in the unlikely event that the program is canceled.

Equal Opportunity

  • StatPearls and AKH are Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action / Equal Access Institutions. 

Medium or Media Used:

  • Computer Requirements:  Internet Access
  • E-mail Address

Instructions for Credit

  1. Register for the activity and create a StatPearls login.     
  2. Review the required accreditation information:  Target audience, learning objectives and disclosure information.
  3. Complete the entire self-study activity.
  4. Complete the post-test assessments.
  5. Successfully pass the post-test with a minimum score of 100%.
  6. Complete the evaluation form.
  7. Obtain a certificate.

StatPearls and AKH adhere to ANCC Standards regarding commercial support of continuing nursing education. It is the policy of StatPearls and AKH that the faculty and planning committee disclose real or apparent conflicts of interest relating to the topics of this educational activity, that relevant conflict(s) of interest are resolved and also that authors and editors will disclose any unlabeled/unapproved use of drug(s) or device(s) during their presentation. Detailed disclosure will be made prior to starting the activity.

The information provided at this CNE activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition.

  • If you have concerns regarding the CE system, please contact support@statpearls.com, or call 727-289-9796.
  • If you have concerns regarding CE, please contact service@akhcme.com or call AKH 877-AKH-CME4.

Media Usage Rights

The contributors and editors of StatPearls have attested that all associated media (images and video) have been legally cleared for use with this activity.  All copyrights are reserved.

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