Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome


4.5 out of 5 (15 Reviews)



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Expiration Date

8 Sep 2022

Last Reviewed

8 Sep 2021

Estimated Time To Finish

60 Minutes

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Activity Description

Human immunodeficiency virus is transmitted sexually, via blood transfusions, sharing intravenous needles, and from the mother to a child during the birth process and breastfeeding. Human immunodeficiency virus has distinct phases: viral transmission, acute seroconversion, acute retroviral syndrome, recovery and seroconversion, asymptomatic chronic infection and symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. This activity focuses on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and the sequelae of chronic human immunodeficiency virus infection, and reviews the etiology, epidemiology, evaluation and management options for these conditions. This activity highlights the role of the interprofessional team in managing this complex, lifelong disorder.

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Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Describe the role of CD4 count and viral load in evaluating the type of acquired immune deficiency syndrome related illnesses that a patient may be experiencing.
  • Identify some of the main organ systems involved in acquired immune deficiency syndrome related illnesses.
  • Explain why patients should be advised to start trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole at CD4 counts less than 200 cells/uL, and azithromycin at CD4 counts less than 50 cells/uL.
  • Summarize collaboration among primary care providers and specialty trained providers as an interprofessional team when caring for patients with complications of long-term human immunodeficiency virus infection, antiretroviral medication side effects and complications of immunosuppression.

Author(s) / Contributors Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

Each author, editor, faculty and planning committee member have completed a disclosure form indicating that neither they nor their spouse/partner has a financial interest/arrangement or affiliation that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest related to the content of this activity.

COMMERCIAL SUPPORT: This activity has received NO commercial support.

Continuing Education Accreditation Information

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, and StatPearls, LLC. The Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University designates this activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Cancellation Policy: Cancellations must be received in writing and a money-back guarantee is provided if not completely satisfied.

  • StatPearls and ETSU reserve the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances. StatPearls and ETSU will not be responsible for other expenses incurred by the participant in the unlikely event that the program is canceled.

Equal Opportunity

  • StatPearls and ETSU are Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action / Equal Access Institutions. 

Medium or Media Used:

  • Computer Requirements:  Internet Access
  • E-mail Address

Instructions for Credit

  1. Register for the activity and create a StatPearls login.     
  2. Review the required accreditation information:  Target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information.
  3. Complete the entire self-study activity.
  4. Complete the post-test assessments.
  5. Successfully pass the post-test with a minimum score of 100%.
  6. Complete the evaluation survey. 
  7. Obtain a certificate.

StatPearls and ETSU adhere to ACCME Standards regarding commercial support of continuing medical education. It is the policy of StatPearls and ETSU that the faculty and planning committee disclose real or apparent conflicts of interest relating to the topics of this educational activity, that relevant conflict(s) of interest are resolved, and also that authors and editors will disclose any unlabeled/unapproved use of drug(s) or device(s) during their presentation. Detailed disclosure will be made prior to starting the activity.

The information provided at this CME/CE activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition.

  • If you need help with the system or have a question about content, please contact, or call 727-289-9796.
  • If you have a question about the ETSU CME providership, please contact


Media Usage Rights

The contributors and editors of StatPearls have attested that all associated media (images and video) have been legally cleared for use with this activity.  All copyrights are reserved.


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