Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis Prophylaxis

Overview

No Reviews

Credits

1.25

Post Assesment Questions

12

Release Date

5 Oct 2020

Expiration Date

26 Jul 2021

Last Reviewed

26 Jul 2020

Estimated Time To Finish

75 Minutes

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Activity Description

Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardial surfaces of the heart, which includes 1 or more heart valves. The incidence of infective endocarditis hospitalization in the United States is estimated at 12.7 per 100,000, annually. A majority of the patients (57.7%) were male and more than a third were at the age of 70 and older. Several risk factors predispose patients to IE, such as structural heart disease (valvular disease or congenital heart disease), prosthetic heart valves, indwelling cardiovascular device, an intravascular catheter, chronic hemodialysis, human immunodeficiency virus infection, diabetes, or history of infective endocarditis. Other risk factors include male older than 60 years, male gender, intravenous (IV) drug use, poor dentition, or dental infection. Infective endocarditis may present as acute or subacute infection. Acute infections present as a rapidly progressive disease with high fevers, rigors, and sepsis. On the other hand, subacute bacterial endocarditis diagnosis is often delayed and presents as non-specific symptoms such as weight loss, fatigue, dyspnea over several weeks to months. There are several differences between subacute bacterial endocarditis and acute bacterial endocarditis. Most cases of subacute bacterial endocarditis are caused by penicillin sensitive Streptococcus viridans, while Staphylococcus aureus causes most cases of acute bacterial endocarditis. Subacute bacterial endocarditis mostly happens in pre-existing heart disease while acute bacterial endocarditis mostly happens in healthy hearts. After treatment, subacute bacterial endocarditis rarely leads to severe cardiac damage; however, most patients who survive acute bacterial endocarditis often die of cardiac failure within weeks or months. This activity reviews the treatment of subacute endocarditis, and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in treating patients with this condition.

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of pharmacists.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Describe the patients most commonly afflicted with subacute bacterial endocarditis.
  • Outline the risk factors for subacute bacterial endocarditis.
  • Explain the antibiotic prophylactic techniques used to minimize the risk of subacute bacterial endocarditis.

Pharmacy Activity Type:
General Pharmacy Topic


Author(s) / Contributors Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

Each author, editor, faculty and planning committee member have completed a disclosure form indicating that neither they nor their spouse/partner has a financial interest/arrangement or affiliation that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest related to the content of this activity.

COMMERCIAL SUPPORT: This activity has received NO commercial support.

Contributors

Hover over the contributor names to see details and disclosures of any financial relationships or relationships they or their spouse/life partner have with commercial interests related to the content of this continuing education activity.

Continuing Education Accreditation Information


 

 

CE credit provided by AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare. This activity is jointly-provided by AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare, and StatPearls Publishing, LLC.

In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare and StatPearls Publishing, LLC. AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare designates this continuing education activity for 1.25 contact hours for pharmacists.

FL Board of Pharmacy Tripartite, approval #20-608156.

Cancellation Policy: Cancellations must be received in writing and a money-back guarantee is provided if not completely satisfied.

  • StatPearls and AKH reserve the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances. StatPearls and AKH will not be responsible for other expenses incurred by the participant in the unlikely event that the program is canceled.

Equal Opportunity

  • StatPearls and AKH are Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action / Equal Access Institutions. 

Medium or Media Used:

  • Computer Requirements:  Internet Access
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Instructions for Credit

  1. Register for the activity and create a StatPearls login.     
  2. Review the required accreditation information:  Target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information.
  3. Complete the entire self-study activity.
  4. Complete the post-test assessments.
  5. Successfully pass the post-test with a minimum score of 100%.
  6. Complete the evaluation form.

StatPearls and AKH adhere to provider standards regarding commercial support of continuing education. It is the policy of StatPearls and AKH that the faculty and planning committee disclose real or apparent conflicts of interest relating to the topics of this educational activity, that relevant conflict(s) of interest are resolved and also that authors and editors will disclose any unlabeled/unapproved use of drug(s) or device(s) during their presentation. Detailed disclosure will be made prior to starting the activity.

The information provided for this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition.

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