Theophylline Toxicity

Overview

4.5 out of 5 (4 Reviews)

Credits

1.25

Post Assessment Questions

12

Expiration Date

31 Dec 2025

Last Reviewed

1 Jan 2023

Estimated Time To Finish

75 Minutes


 
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Activity Description

Around the world, theophylline (1,3-dimethylxanthine) is primarily used as a bronchodilator for patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, in the United States, asthma and COPD are mainly treated with other agents, and theophylline is predominantly used to treat bradycardia and apnea in premature newborns. Theophylline causes the endogenous release of catecholamines via indirect stimulation of beta-1 and beta-2 receptors, which, at therapeutic levels lead to bronchodilation, the goal of treatment. Unfortunately, theophylline has a narrow therapeutic window, and levels even slightly above the therapeutic range can have adverse effects both acutely and chronically. This activity will review the most common causes of theophylline toxicity and outline the treatment approach according to current evidence. This activity will highlight the role of the interprofessional team in recognizing and treating theophylline toxicity.

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of individuals in nursing.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, the learner will be better able to:

  • Explain strategies for preventing theophylline toxicity.
  • Describe which organs are commonly affected by theophylline toxicity.
  • Explain the treatment strategy for a patient with theophylline toxicity.
  • Explain how the facilitation of interprofessional team education and discussion can optimize the effective detection of theophylline toxicity and inform the need for subsequent evaluations.

Disclosures

StatPearls requires everyone who influences the content of an educational activity to disclose relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. All relevant conflict(s) of interest have been mitigated. Hover over contributor names for financial disclosures. 

COMMERCIAL SUPPORT: This activity has received NO commercial support.

 

Continuing Education Accreditation Information


Credit provided by Continuing Education, Inc, and StatPearls, LLC.

In support of improving patient care, this activity has been jointly planned and implemented by Continuing Education, Inc./University at Sea® and StatPearls, LLC. Continuing Education, Inc, is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

This activity is designated for 1.25 ANCC contact hours.

 

Instructions for Credit

  1. Register for the activity and create a StatPearls login.     
  2. Review the target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information.
  3. Study the educational content in the activity.
  4. Choose the best answer to each activity test question. To receive credit, you must pass the test questions with a minimum score of 100%.
  5. Complete the post-activity assessment.
  6. Obtain a certificate.

For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.

Disclaimer

Faculty may discuss investigational products or off-label uses of products regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Readers should verify all information before employing any therapies described in this educational activity.

The information provided for this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical/clinical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. The information presented does not necessarily reflect the views of StatPearls or any commercial supporters of educational activities on statpearls.com. StatPearls specifically disclaims responsibility for any adverse consequences resulting directly or indirectly from information in the course, for undetected error, or through a participant's misunderstanding of the content.

Cancellation Policy: Cancellations must be received in writing and a money-back guarantee is provided if not completely satisfied.

  • StatPearlsand and Continuing Education, Inc, reserve the right to cancel any course due to unforeseen circumstances. StatPearls and Continuing Education, Inc, will not be responsible for other expenses incurred by the participant in the unlikely event that the program is canceled.

Medium or Media Used:

  • Computer Requirements: Internet Access
  • E-mail Address

Equal Opportunity

  • StatPearls and Continuing Education are Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action/Equal Access Institutions. 

 

Media Usage Rights

The contributors and editors of StatPearls have attested that all associated media (images and video) have been legally cleared for use with this activity.  All copyrights are reserved.

    Reviews

    David Y. on 12/17/2021

    Rebecca K. on 4/18/2022

    Jamie H. on 7/1/2022

    Mary Y. on 8/25/2022

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